Home Page

The map on this page shows pins for all of the 68 sites visited. Clicking the name of a site leads to a separate page for the location.

Individual location pages show a map of the specific locality along with relevant metadata: geographical coordinates, the Bulgarian administrative region of the locality, the dialect group spoken there, and the date(s) on which recordings were made.

Each location page also includes links to the currently available texts recorded in that site.



Home Page | Contents Page | Text Pages | Token Pages | Line Pages | Lexeme Pages | Wordform Search | Wordform Tags | Lexeme Search | Linguistic Trait Search | Linguistic Trait Tags



Contents Page

This table provides basic information about each of the 179 texts in the database. It can be re-sorted by clicking the headers of the various columns.

Text provides a direct link to that text’s main page.

Dialect Group identifies the basic dialect group to which the location in which the text was recorded belongs.

Tokens gives a word count of the text. Only speech of informants is counted here; that of investigators is excluded.

Length states the duration of the audio clip that is the basis of each text.

Lines denotes the number of lines in any one text.

Synopsis of Thematic Content gives a brief description of the topics discussed in the text.

Wf, Lx, LT indicate to what extent material has been entered into the system for various types of consultation according to the following marks:

    • – material has been entered and verified

    • ?  – material has been entered, but not yet verified

    • ½ – material is currently being entered, but the process is not yet complete

    • – material has not yet been entered

When data entry for each of these categories is complete, the () indicates:

    • Wf (Wordforms) – a text has been entered into the system (along with glosses of its tokens) and it is available for consultation
    • Lx (Lexemes) – the standard lexemes (lemmas) corresponding to tokens in the text have been entered
    • LT (Linguistic Traits) – searchable tags for particular linguistic traits (see below) of individual tokens have been entered



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Text Pages

Pages for individual texts (e.g. Archar 1) contain:

Audio Player

Play and pause buttons start and stop the audio. Click within the bar to jump to a point in the text. Time codes at the beginning of each line of the text indicate the corresponding point in the audio.

Metadata

The sidebar contains metadata about the text, including the location in which it was recorded, its length, a synopsis of its content, and the status of data entry for Wordform, Lexeme, and Linguistic Trait tags. It also contains a description of the context of and an identification of the participants in the conversation. Only the sex is identified for informants, but full names are given for investigators.

Text

Three different views can be selected at the top of each page:

  • Glossed View – Lines are broken up into individual tokens, each of which has interlinear glosses. (For a full list of the abbreviations, see Grammatical Categories below). Also given are standard Bulgarian forms or normalized dialectal forms (lemmas) of tokens in Cyrillic. Click on any token or lexeme for a link to its own page.

  • Line View – A simple display with lines and their English translations enables distraction-free reading of the text for content.

  • Cyrillic Line View – Only the line itself is given, using the Cyrillic transcription conventions accepted in Bulgarian dialectology.



Home Page | Contents Page | Text Pages | Token Pages | Line Pages | Lexeme Pages | Wordform Search | Wordform Tags | Lexeme Search | Linguistic Trait Search | Linguistic Trait Tags



Token Pages

The token is the central piece of data around which all other information in the corpus is organized. Token pages serve as a nexus to all other data.

The top portion of this page contains grammatical tags that have been assigned to the token and, for lexically meaningful words, the English gloss. One can also click on the name of the associated lexeme to go to its page.

Below this is a list of all of the lines in the corpus containing the token (listed according to the texts in which it is found). One can click on the line number to go to its page.



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Line Pages

Line pages provide the full line in primary and Cyrillic transcriptions along with its translation.

One can see the time code for the line and click to jump to the text that contains it.

One can also click on any of the individual tokens the line contains to jump to their individual pages.



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Lexeme Pages

Lexeme pages display all of the tokens contained in the corpus of the lexeme (lemma) in question. One lexeme may be associated with tokens of various grammatical forms, of which there may be various phonetic realizations. All such forms are provided, with glosses, on this page.

When such information is relevant (and has been fully entered into the system), lexeme pages may display particular dialectal traits of interest or etymological information. Tokens that do not correspond to a form in standard Bulgarian are marked as “dialectal lexemes.”   



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Wordform Search

This search allows the user to locate tokens according to their grammatical and pragmatic tags. Because it was necessary to group tags that might co-occur in one token in separate categories, their placement is not always intuitive. Consult the list below for a full explanation of all tags used in the system.

To search for tokens, select the desired tags from any combination of categories and click "Apply." (Hold the Command key on a Mac or Control on Windows to select or deselect multiple tags.) One can also select operators for more complex searches above the boxes for each category. Choose "Reset" to deselect all tags.

Results will show all tokens grouped by the texts in which they are found. One may then click on a token to go to its Token Page.



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Wordform Tags (Alphabetical)

These following tags appear in texts in Glossed View, and tokens marked by them can be found using the Wordform Search:

1pl – 1st-person plural (for verbs, pronominal subjects and objects)

1sg –1st-person singular (for verbs, pronominal subjects and objects)

2pl – 2nd-person plural (for verbs, pronominal subjects and objects)

2sg – 2nd-person singular (for verbs, pronominal subjects and objects)

3pl – 3rd-person plural (for verbs, pronominal subjects and objects)

3sg – 3rd-person singular (for verbs, pronominal subjects and objects)

acc – accusative case (for pronominal objects, nouns and adjectives)

adj – adjective

adrs – pragmatic particles expressing address, such as ma, be, and the like

adv – adverb

an.num – animate numbers of the type dvama (regardless of gender of referent)

aor – aorist tense

aux – forms of sŭm, either present or past, functioning as verbal auxiliaries

bkch – pragmatic particles expressing “backchannelling,” the acknowledgement of communication

clt – clitic form (assigned to short-form pronoun objects, reflexive particles, present-tense forms of sŭm, and the interrogative particle li, regardless of whether they bear stress or not)  

coll – collective form (e.g. list’e ‘foliage’)

comp – the complementizer da

cond – conditional forms

conj – subordinating conjunction

cop – copula forms of sŭm, either present or past

ct – the “count form” of masculine nouns appearing after numbers (e.g. dva leva ‘two levs’)

dat – dative case (for pronominal object forms and rare noun forms)

def – definite (for nouns and adjectives)

disc – discourse particles that structure narrative (including forms such as ‘this,’ ‘it,’ etc. that have grammatical meaning in other contexts)

dist – distal marking (on definite forms, e.g. decana ‘those children,’ and pronominal adjectives and adverbs, e.g. nakiva ‘that kind’). This marker is used only in texts from regions where a three-way distinction is made.

excl – pragmatic particles functioning as exclamations. (The determination of this meaning is subjective and was made mostly on the basis of intonational cues.)

exist – existential forms of the non-inflected ima ‘there is’ and njama ‘there isn’t’, in all tenses

f – feminine marking (on nouns and singular adjectives, pronouns and participles)

fut – the unchanging future particle, in any of its phonetic forms. (Inflected forms of *xotěti are marked as fut.pst if they have clear “future in the past” meaning.)

fut.pst – “future in the past” (for njamaše, and for inflected forms of *xotěti only when such a meaning is clearly intended)

ger – gerund forms (e.g. sedeškum ‘while sitting’)

hes – pragmatic particles indicating hesitation

hort – pragmatic particles with hortative meaning, such as xajde, ja, nemoj.

I – imperfective aspect

I/P – biaspectual

impf – imperfect tense (including for auxiliary and copula forms)

imprs – impersonal (for verb forms not inflecting for person, other than the existential forms ima, njama)

imv – imperative

indcl – nondeclining noun or adjective, usually unadapted foreign borrowings which do not inflect for gender or number 

inf – infinitive

interr – interrogative

L.part – L-participle formed from aorist stem

L.part.impf – L-participle formed from imperfect stem (e.g. možel)

m – masculine marking (on nouns and singular adjectives, pronouns or participles)

med – medial marking (on definite forms, e.g. decata ‘the children,’ and pronominal adjectives and adverbs, e.g. takiva ‘that kind’). This marker is used only in texts from regions where a three-way distinction is made.

n – neuter marking (on nouns and singular adjectives, pronouns or participles)

name – proper name (used only on noun forms)

neg – verbal negation

nom – nominative case (on pronoun forms only)

ost – pragmatic particle used in ostensive function, or to point directly to something

P – perfective aspect

pl – plural marking (on nouns, adjectives, participles or imperative forms)

place – toponym

pl.t – pluralia tantum

P.part – passive participle

pres – present tense

prox – proximal marking (on definite forms, e.g. decasa ‘these children,’ and pronominal adjectives and adverbs, e.g. sakiva ‘this kind’). This marker is used only in texts from regions where a three-way distinction is made.

refl – reflexive pronouns

rel – relative (for pronouns and relative markers of various sorts, but not subordinating conjunctions)

sg – singular marking (on nouns, adjectives, participles and imperative forms)

vbl.n – verbal noun

voc – vocative marking (on nouns)

Wordform Tags (by Category)

Case

  • nom – nominative
  • acc – accusative
  • dat – dative
  • voc – vocative

Number

  • sg – singular
  • pl – plural
  • pl.t – pluralia tantum
  • ct – count form

Gender

  • m – masculine
  • f – feminine
  • n – neuter
  • indcl – nondeclining

Definiteness

  • def – definite

Person

  • 1sg – 1st-person singular
  • 1pl – 1st-person plural
  • 2sg – 2nd-person singular
  • 2pl – 2nd-person plural
  • 3sg – 3rd-person singular
  • 3pl – 3rd-person plural

Verb form

  • pres – present
  • aor – aorist
  • impf – imperfect
  • fut – future
  • imv – imperative
  • inf – infinitive
  • cond – conditional
  • fut.pst – future in the past
  • L.part – L-participle
  • L.part.impf – imperfect L-participle
  • P.part – passive participle
  • ger – gerund
  • vbl.n – verbal noun

Aspect

  • I – imperfective
  • P – perfective
  • I/P – biaspectual

Function

  • aux – auxiliary
  • comp – complementizer
  • cop – copula
  • interr – interrogative
  • neg – negative
  • refl – reflexive
  • rel – relative

Clitic

  • clt – clitic

Deictic

  • prox – proximal
  • med – medial
  • dist – distal

Other

  • adj – adjective
  • an.num – animate number
  • adv – adverb
  • coll – collective
  • conj – conjunction
  • exist – existential
  • imprs – impersonal
  • name – name
  • place – place

Pragmatic

  • adrs – address
  • bkch – backchanneling
  • excl – exclamation
  • disc – discourse
  • hes – hesitation
  • hort – hortative
  • ost – ostensive



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Lexeme Search

This search allows users to locate tokens and their corresponding lexical headwords: either standard forms found in the 2008 edition of the Bǔlgarski tŭlkoven rečnik (ed. L. Andrejčin et al.) or “dialectal lexemes,” normalized forms that do not correspond (in form and meaning) to an entry in this dictionary.

To search for lexical headwords (and instances of their corresponding tokens), enter the Cyrillic form of the word in the box under “Lexeme Search” and select “Apply.” One can also search for roots or suffixes by selecting the “Contains…” or “Ends with…” options.

The Lexical Headwords search also allows one to locate lexemes that are of a particular etymology, are characterized by different lexical traits, or are associated with tokens containing a particular English gloss. One can select any combination of these fields to form a complex search.

Results will appear below. Clicking a lexeme or token will take the user to the page of the specific lexeme or token.



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Linguistic Trait Search

Linguistic trait tags are assigned to tokens and provide data about traits of interest at various levels of linguistic structure. Many of the tags are phrased in diachronic terms and index the traits normally catalogued in dialect descriptions and atlases.

To search for tokens marked with linguistic trait tags, select a major category from the box under “Linguistic Trait.” Any time a choice is followed by an arrow (→), one may make a subsidiary selection in the box that appears to the immediate right. Upon reaching the end of the hierarchical string, select “Apply.” The results, a list of tokens arranged according to texts, will appear below a map with tabs marking the location of all tokens marked with the trait in question.

Some traits allow (but do not require) the specification of various Conditions, or of a phonetic Realization. Conditions that can be specified for a particular trait are marked with encircled letters (e.g. ⓢ), and the possibility of selecting a Realization is indicted with a stylized letter “R” (ℝ). A legend for these symbols appears at the top of the Linguistic Traits search page.

To specify a Condition, select “Conditions” in an “Additional Trait” box, and then specify the desired condition in the box that appears to the right, followed by the value for that condition. Further conditions can be specified in the remaining “Additional Trait” boxes.

To specify a desired phonetic Realization, select “Realizations” in an “Additional Trait” box, and then select the desired reflex from the list that appears in the box to the right. Select “Apply” to see results.



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Linguistic Trait Tags

  •  PHONOLOGY →

    •  Vowels →

      •  Historical Slavic Vowels →
        •  jat ⓜ ⓢ ⓟ ⓒ ℝ
        •  analogical jat ⓜ ⓢ ⓟ ℝ
        •  jotated /a/ ⓜ ⓢ ⓟ ℝ
        •  back jer ⓜ ⓢ ℝ
        •  borrowed schwa-like vowel ⓜ ⓢ ℝ
        •  front jer ⓜ ⓢ ℝ
        •  inserted jer ⓢ ℝ
        •  back nasal ⓜ ⓢ ℝ
        •  front nasal ⓜ ⓢ ⓙ ℝ
        •  jery →
          •  jery not fronted
          •  jery > /i/
          •  jery > /e/

      •  Lengthening & Contraction →
        •  compensatory lengthening after elision of /l/
        •  compensatory lengthening after elision of /x/
        •  contraction of vowel in verb stem

      •  Elision →
        •  elision of unstressed vowel 

      •  Reduction Phenomena →
        •  non-reducing /a/ (unexpected)
        •  non-reducing /o/ (unexpected)

      •  Transformations of Specific Vowels →
        •  stressed /a/ > /ɑ/
        •  /e/ > /a/
        •  stressed /e/ > /e̝/
        •  stressed /e/ > /i/
        •  /e/ > /o/ ⓜ
        •  /e/ > /'u/
        •  unstressed /e/ > /'ɤ/
        •  /i/ > /ᵊi/
        •  /i/ > /ɨ/
        •  /i/ > /’u/
        •  /i/ > /y/
        •  /i/ > /ɤj/
        •  /i/ > /ᵚi/
        •  unstressed /o/ > /a/
        •  unexpected /o/ > /e/
        •  /o/ > /wo/
        •  stressed /o/ > /o̝/
        •  stressed /o/ > /u/
        •  /u/ > /i/
        •  /u/ > /əu/
        •  stressed /o/ > /u:/
        •  /u/ > /ɤw/
        •  /ɤ/ > /ɤ̟/
        •  stressed /ɤ/ > /ʌ/

      •  Other Vocalic Phenomena →
        •  devoiced vowel
        •  prothetic /i/ before initial consonant cluster
        •  unadapted foreign sound

    •  Consonants →

      •  Historical Slavic Consonants →
        •  syllabic /l/ ⓢ ⓛ ℝ
        •  syllabic /r/ ⓢ ℝ
        •  analogical syllabic /r/ ℝ
        •  proto-Slavic */tj/ */ktj/ */kt + front vowel/ ℝ
        •  proto-Slavic */stj/ */skj/ */sk + front vowel/ ℝ
        •  proto-Slavic */dj/ */gtj/ ℝ
        •  morpheme-initial */črь/ ⓢ ℝ

      •  Palatalization Phenomena →
        •  palatalized word-final consonant
        •  assimilatory palatalization of consonants
        •  /j/ from anticipated palatalization
        •  consonant + /j/

      •  Elision & Lengthening →
        •  elision of intervocalic /j/
        •  elision of syllable-final /l/
        •  elision of /v/ before rounded vowel
        •  elision of /x/ ⓜ
        •  elision of consonant between sonorants
        •  elision of consonant in syllable-final cluster
        •  consonant-vowel fusion

      •  Epenthesis →
        •  epenthetic /l/ preserved
        •  epenthetic /n'/

      •  Prothesis →
        •  /j/ before /a/ (unexpected)
        •  absence of /j/ before non-front vowel (unexpected)
        •  /j/ before /u/ (unexpected)
        •  /j/ before front vowel
        •  prothetic consonant before back nasal ℝ

      •  Voicing →
        •  unexpected retention of voicing

      •  Changes in Consonants & Sequences →
        •  /bn/ > /mn/
        •  /d/ > /dz/
        •  /d’/ > /g’/
        •  /dn/ > /n/
        •  /dn/ > /nn/
        •  /dz/ > /z/
        •  /dž/ > /ž/
        •  /f / > /h/
        •  /f/ > /v/
        •  /f/ > /ɸ/
        •  /g/ > /dž/
        •  /j/ > /v/
        •  /jk/ > /k'/
        •  /k/ > /č/
        •  /l’/ > /j/
        •  /mn/ > /fn/
        •  /mn/ > /m/
        •  /mn/ > /ml/
        •  /mn/ > /n/
        •  /mn/ > /vn/
        •  /s/ > /c/
        •  /š/ > /č/
        •  /sr/ > /str/
        •  /str/ > /sr/
        •  /t/ > /c/
        •  /t’/ > /k’/
        •  /v/ > /β/
        •  /v/ > /w/
        •  /vn/ > /mn/
        •  /vs/ > /sv/
        •  /x/ > /f/ ⓜ
        •  /x/ > /j/ ⓜ
        •  /x/ > /v/ ⓜ
        •  /x/ > /w/ ⓜ
        •  /xv/ > /f/
        •  /z/ > /dz/
        •  /zdr/ > /zr/
        •  /ž/ > /dž/

      •  Other Consonantal Phenomena →
        •  long consonant
        •  retention of /dz/ from Common Slavic palatalization
        •  metathesis of /r/ and unstressed vowel
        •  other metathesis
        •  morpheme /ot/ > /od/
        •  morpheme-initial /v/ > /u/

    •  Stress →

      •  Nominal Patterns →
        •  accent on adjective ending (unexpected)
        •  accent on ending of masculine plural noun (unexpected)
        •  accent on possessive pronoun ending

      •  Verbal Patterns →
        •  accent retraction from theme vowel of II conjugation
        •  accent retraction to initial syllable of 1sg present
        •  accent retraction to initial syllable of 2sg-3sg aorist
        •  accent retraction in imperative
        •  accent on theme vowel in aorist and aorist L-participle (unexpected)

      •  Clitics →
        •  accent on clitic (except after negative particle)
        •  accent on verbal negative particle

      •  Polyaccentedness →
        •  double accent
        •  accent on clitic following function word
        •  secondary accent on plural article

      •  Syllabic Phenomena →
        •  elision of unaccented syllable

      •  Lexical Phenomena →
        •  lexicalized accent advancement
        •  lexicalized accent retraction


  •  MORPHOLOGY →

    •  Definite Article →
      •  masculine singular nouns ⓢ ⓟ ℝ
      •  masculine singular adjectives ℝ
      •  plural →
        •  plural article -/te/ (unexpected)
        •  plural article -/ti/
        •  plural article -/to/
        •  elision of plural formant /t/ in definite forms of neuter nouns

    •  Nouns →
      •  Plurals
        •  feminine plural -/e/
        •  masculine plural -/e/ (unexpected)
        •  masculine plural -/je/ (unexpected)
        •  masculine plural -/ove/ (unexpected)

      •  Other Noun Phenomena
        •  depalatalization of noun stem final consonant
        •  feminine count form
        •  lack of count form in masculine
        •  stem unification in plural masculine nouns

    •  Pronouns →
      •  nonstandard oblique personal pronoun form

    •  Adjectives →
      •  definite article on bare adjective stem
      •  long ending on masculine indefinite adjective (unexpected)
      •  non-masculine gender marking in plural adjective
      •  Common Slavic palatalization before plural adjective

    •  Verbs →

      •  Present →
        •  1sg Present Conjugation →
          •  1sg -/m/ ending for I/II conjugation
          •  1sg lack of -/m/ ending for III conjugation
        •  1pl Present Conjugation →
          •  1pl -/me/ ending for I/II conjugation
          •  1pl -/mo/ ending
          •  1pl -/ne/ ending
        •  3pl Present Conjugation →
          •  lack of final /t/
        •  Theme Vowel Shifts →
          •  theme vowel shift /e/ to /i/ in present conjugation
          •  theme vowel shift /i/ to /e/ in present conjugation
        •  Other Present Phenomena →
          •  depalatalization of verb stem final consonant

      •  Aorist & Imperfect →
        •  1pl aorist and imperfect -/men/ ending
        •  1pl aorist and imperfect -/mo/ ending
        •  1pl aorist and imperfect -/ne/ ending
        •  2pl aorist -/ste/ ending
        •  3pl aorist -/še/ ending
        •  aorist theme vowel shift /o/ to /a/
        •  lack of -/na/ suffix in aorist stem
        •  word-final -/n/ on aorist and imperfect ending
        •  imperfect stem extended by -/še/

      •  L-Participles →
        •  non-masculine gender marking in plural L-participle
        •  plural -/e/ ending in L-participle
        •  reduplication of -/l/ in L-participle
        •  deletion of stem-final consonant in L-participle
        •  lack of -/na/ suffix in L-participle

      •  Passive Participles →
        •  -/n/ suffix for expected -/t/
        •  -/t/ suffix for expected -/n/

      •  Verbal Nouns →
        •  verbal noun -/n'e/ ending
        •  verbal noun -/te/ ending

      •  Stem Unifications →
        •  present stem unification
        •  present stem in aorist
        •  present stem in aorist L-participle
        •  present stem in verbal noun
        •  aorist stem in past participle
        •  perfective stem in derived imperfective
        •  masculine stem in other L-participle gender forms


  •  SYNTAX →

    •  Gender →
      •  generalized use of neuter L-participle
      •  non-standard gender marking

    •  Case →
      •  feminine case markings in masculine nouns
      •  historical feminine accusative used in nominative function

    •  Aspect →
      •  perfective verb in negative imperative

    •  Transitivity →
      •  transitive use of intransitive verb


  •  LEXEMES →

    •  diminutive
    •  nonstandard usage


  •  PRAGMATICS →

    •  vocative usage
    •  vocative form with non-vocative usage
    •  negative future with present meaning


  •  CONDITIONS →

    •  ⓜ Morpheme Type
      •  affix
      •  definite article
      •  ending
      •  preposition
      •  root

    •  ⓢ Stress
      •  stressed
      •  unstressed

    •  ⓟ Palatalizing Environment
      •  before palatalizing environment
      •  not before palatalizing environment

    •  ⓒ Affricate /c/
      •  before /c/
      •  not before /c/

    •  ⓛ Labials
      •  after labial
      •  not after labial

    •  ⓙ Postalveolars & /j/
      •  after postalveolar or /j/
      •  not after postalveolar or /j/


  •  REALIZATIONS →

    •  /a/
    •  /a:/
    •  /ar/
    •  /'a/
    •  /an/
    •  /č/
    •  /cɤr/
    •  /čer/
    •  /e/
    •  /e̝/
    •  /’e/
    •  /i/
    •  /it/
    •  /k’/
    •  /lə/
    •  /ḷ/
    •  /o/
    •  /ol/
    •  /or/
    •  /ot/
    •  /'o/
    •  /ṛ/
    •  /rɛ/
    •  /rɤ/
    •  /š/
    •  /šč/
    •  /šk/
    •  /št/
    •  /u/
    •  /'u/
    •  /v/
    •  /ə/
    •  /ər/
    •  /ət/
    •  /’ə/
    •  /ɛ/
    •  / ždž’/
    •  /cer/
    •  /cṛ/
    •  /cre/
    •  /čʌr/
    •  /cәr/
    •  /čәr/
    •  /č’er/
    •  /č’ɤr/
    •  /en/
    •  /es/
    •  /f/
    •  /in/
    •  /lɤ/
    •  /r/
    •  /ra/
    •  /rɤ/
    •  /rә/
    •  /š’č’/
    •  /ɔ/
    •  /ɔl/
    •  /ɔn/
    •  /ɔs/
    •  /ɔt/
    •  /əs/
    •  /ɛl/
    •  /ɛr/
    •  /ɤl/
    •  /ʌ/
    •  /ʌr/
    •  /ʌt/
    •  /әl/
    •  /әn/
    •  /’i/
    •  /’ɛ/
    •  /’ɑ/
    •  /’ʌ/
    •  /ɔr/
    •  /’ɔ/
    •  /ɤ/
    •  /ɤr/
    •  /ɤt/
    •  /’ɤ/
    •  /žd/
    •  [zero]


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Text copyright © 2011-2016 Ronelle Alexander and Vladimir Zhobov. Texts and other parts of the website may be copied only for non-commercial, research, or educational purposes, provided the source of the material is cited accordingly. Cited material may not include the entire website or substantial portions thereof.
Comments and questions may be addressed to bdlt@berkeley.edu.

Recommended Model for Citations

Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)
Babjak 1: 13-15. In: Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)

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