bread-baking

Babjak 1

1 (VZh) [Как печехте хляб?]
[How did you bake bread?]

2 (a) za brəšnòtu tìe segà kətu tùra: təkà f ednò kurìtce i se
About flour. When they put [it] in a small trough, then –

3 (a) i se nə nə utsɛ̀jə gu tàm utsɛ̀ja gu i
then they sift it, they sift it there and [then]

4 (a) i gu pòrəstègl'i nədzà nə təkà nə təkà ustàə
you stretch [the dough] this way and that, and then you make

5 (a) nə stredàtə mɛ̀stu̥ i mu tùri ə ə lɛ̀b də go pečè
a space in the middle and [before you] put the bread [in] to bake,

6 (a) k'e mu tùri məjà i k'e zème də go rəzbrɤ̀kə
you'll put yeast in it. Then you'll take [the dough] and mix it,

7 (a) rəzbrɤ̀kə tàm k'e sìpe k'e sì jə usòli vudàtə
mix [it], and then you'll pour – you'll salt the water.

8 (a) k'e jə nəpràə s too s màlku sòl' k'e frɤ̀li f nèjə
You'll get a little salt, and you'll throw it into it (the water),

9 (a) i k'e gu rəzbrɤ̀kə i k'e gu zəmɛ̀si ùbəvè
and then you'll mix it, and knead it well,

10 (a) i k'e gu prigòtvi i tò k'e presedì tə də se
and get it ready so it can sit, so as to ...

11 (c) da kìsne da kìsne
To ferment, to ferment!

12 (a) də se isk'ìsne màl'ku kətu zème də bùne təkà də
… so as to ferment a little. And when it starts to rise such that

13 (a) də dàvə də se k'e se e iskisnàl se zème
it looks like it has fermented, then you take it

14 (a) də gu nəmɛ̀šə də gu nəpràve nə
and knead it and make it into

15 (c) pitàri
loaves.

16 (a) nə kulàci təkòvu
into loaves, like that.

17 (c) kulàci təkòvu
Loaves like that

Belica 2

113 (a) i kàrame i sèeme mèm mèlem mèsim
So we go out and sow and grind and knead …

115 (a) čèr lèp po ednà nedèl'a òpečà go f ponedèlnik pa pà
… black bread once a week. I bake it on Monday, and then again

116 (a) f ponedèlnik takìva samùne čèrni ama nèma azmɤ̀ da fàne mu:lɤ̀
on Monday – these dark loaves, that aren’t damp [?], that don’t get moldy

117 (a) nèma da isɤ̀xne ami mèko i ùbavo i te tè takà
and won’t dry out but rather [stay] soft and nice. And there it is.

155 (MM) znàči edìn pɤ̀t vɤf sèdmicata pràvexte
So you used to do this once a week.

156 (a) emi edìn pɤ̀t vɤf sedm sme mesìle zaštò ne mòem
Well [yes], we made [it] just once a week, because we can’t

157 (a) fsèki dèn da mèsim po tòlkova emì navednɤ̀š
do it every day, you know, so [we make it] all at once.

Dolno Draglište 3

1 (a) ednò vrème si mesùvame nìe lèbu
In the old days, we would make our own bread.

2 (VZh) [Как печахте хляб?]
[How did you bake the bread?]

3 (a) kàk gu pèkɤ le
How do I bake it?

4 (a) əmi jà fùrnədžìite ne sì li vidèl nà pekà
Haven’t you seen the outdoor oven tenders [who] bake it over there?

5 (a) i nìe təkà pečè:me e tekà mèsimè gu f nuštuvìte
And we [also] bake it that way. Like this: we knead it in the kneading trough,

6 (a) pòsle č'e gu nəmèsime nə pitàrčetə slàgəme nə ednà dəskà
and then we’ll shape it into loaves, put them on a board

7 (a) də vuzìde tàm i lupàtətə mètəme f peštà
[to let them] rise, and then toss them in the oven with a peel.

8 (a) pèš mu vìka:me nìe nè fùrnə a peštà
We called it “pesh”. Not “furna” (outdoor oven) but “pesh” (home oven).

9 (a) i pòsle pà pràve:me si ednì fudùl'č'i mu vìkəme nìe
And then we would make some smaller loaves, we call them “fudulchi”.

10 (a) fudùl'č'i nèkugàš zə bɤ̀rzu də stàne dukətu gurì peštà
Back then [we made] “fudulchi” because they bake fast, while the oven is heating up.

11 (a) ta kətu mè̝tneme lèbu f òn'e kràj
When we put the bread into one end [of the oven],

12 (a) is tòo kraj se izpekà splè̝skəni təkvìjə nə tɤ̀nku
they bake at the other end. They’re flattened thin –

13 (a) ud lèbə si splèskəme fudùl'k'i
we flatten out the bread [dough into] – “fudulchi” –

17 (a) dukətu se ispečè lèbu nìe hi dukətu mè̝tneme lèbu
While the bread is baking, we [take] them – when we toss the bread in,

18 (a) nìe hi izvàdime i jədè̝me lèbu se pečè pòsle
we take them out, and eat [them]. The bread bakes after that.

19 (a) tòj se pečè pòveče čəsuvè tàm i izvàždəme
It takes more hours to bake. And we take it out

20 (a) sètne də jədèm təvà bèše
and then we eat [it]. That’s how it was.

Dolno Ujno

1 (a) za vṛ̀šniko se pàk ugorì i togàj ə se zaklàpa pòdnicata
You heat it again for the cover, and then you cover the bowl

2 (a) i xlèbo se ispìča i sme rə ručàli i te təkòvo
and the bread bakes. And we ate, and things like that.

Eremija 3

43 (a) [laughter] lèbec lèbec tvṛ̀t lèbec tòe se mèseše u ponedèlnik
[laughter]. Bread! Bread! Hard bread! It got made on Monday,

44 (a) pa u drùgijo ponedèlnik po ednà sèdmica lèp se pečèše
and then on the next Monday. Bread got baked [only] once a week.

45 (GK) kàk se pe mèseše kàk se pečèše lèbo
How did they make – how did they bake bread?

46 (a) èe dòma si se mèsi si ìma fùrna domàšna fùrna
Ah, you knead it at home, there’s the outside oven, the oven of [our] house.

47 (GK) kàk se mèsi tɤ̀j otnačàlo da ni raskàžeš
How do you make it? Tell us from the beginning,

48 (GK) otnačàloto kato go zèmeš tàm
[starting] from the beginning when you take –

49 (a) brašnòto se otsèe
You sift out the flour.

50 (GK) səs kakvò
Using what?

51 (a) səs sìto ìma si speciàlno
Using a sieve. There was a particular –

52 (GK) takà si mu vìkaše vìe
Is that how you called it?

53 (a) sìto
A sieve.

54 (GK) dà
Yes.

55 (a) sìto otsèe se i se naprài na sredàta dùpka tùri se sòl
A sieve. You sift it, you make a hole in the middle, and you put in salt.

56 (GK) vəf kakvò go sèexte
What did you sift it into?

57 (a) nòštvi si ìmame
We had [this] kneading trough.

58 (GK) a
Ah.

59 (a) speciàlno pà nòštvi takà se kàzva nòštvi
A particular kneading trough, that’s how you call it – kneading trough.

60 (a) i togàj segà se sos majà mèsi togà bèše sos kvasèc
And then – now you knead it with yeast, but back then it was with starter.

61 (a) kvasèc odnèkade zèma od nèkoja ženà pa go pòdmesa
I get the starter from somewhere, from some woman, and then begin to knead.

62 (a) onà stàne pòveče tùri i òtsej tàm kòlko bràšno trèbe da è
It gets bigger, you put it in and then sift out as much flour as you need,

63 (a) zàmesi onò skìsne i go ràzmesi tè kòku pàničkata
and start to knead. It ferments, and you knead it into the shape of a bowl,

64 (a) na daskì kato gòri fùrnata ìzmeti ìščisti
on boards. And when the oven is hot you sweep it out, clean it out.

65 (GK) s kvò ja izmìtaxte i isčìstvaxte
What did you sweep it out and clean it out with?

66 (a) na edìn na ednò dṛvò golèmo parcàl
With a – with a big piece of wood [and] a rag.

68 (a) golèm izmetè se iščìsti se tè takà nafṛ̀l'aj lèbo
A big [one]. You sweep it out, clean it out like that, and throw in the bread!

69 (a) vràta si ìma zàtvori zàlepi tàm kòku se pečè
There’s a door – you close it, and seal it there [for] as long [as] it bakes

70 (a) òtvori ìzvadi nàredi na daskìte zàvij pa drùgata sɤ̀buta
open, take [it] out, arrange [it] on boards, cover [it]. Then next Saturday –

71 (GK) i po kòlko lèba pràixte
And how many [loaves of] bread did you make each time?

72 (a) po dèset po dvanàese po petnàese sprèma xòrata
Ten or fifteen – depending on the people ...

74 (a) kakvò sa tvṛ̀t netvṛ̀t če se rùčka [laughter]
… who are [to be fed]. Hard or not, it’ll be eaten! [laughter]

75 (GK) [laughter] ìnače glàt
[laughter] Otherwise, hunger.

76 (a) à ìnače nè
Ah, otherwise – no!

78 (a) ìnače ne mòže
Otherwise, [it’s] not possible.

Golica 3

144 (a) ž'èn:t'ȅ si opikɛ̀t l'àp h pèštitɛ̏ ìdət
… the women bake bread in the [outdoor] ovens, they go

Gorno Vŭršilo 1

26 (a) kato stàna zàmesa lɛ̀p kogà mɛ̀sa lɛ̀p nafṛ̀l'am go vaf fùrn'ata
When I get up I start mixing the bread, and after I mix it I throw it into the oven

27 (a) ìzvada gu tùra gurèš lɛ̀p i vṛ̀va na vṛ̀a
I take it out, I put the hot bread [into a bag] and go up the hill

Kolju Marinovo 1

9 (a) l’àbə tugàvə i gutòf
and the bread’s ready!

13 (GK) e kɤ̀k gotòf l’abə
How [do you mean], the bread is ready?

14 (a) jemi brəšnòtu si gu zèmim vèči nìj mòm si m’èsim
We [just] take some flour, and we’re able to knead [our own] bread,

15 (a) mòm si pičèm l’àp
able to bake [our own] bread

18 (a) nìj si pičàhmi hl’àp fkɤ̀šti
We would bake [all] our bread at home.

Kozičino 1

50 (a) l’àbə š’e gu m’ɛ̀sim š’e gu pič’èm š’e jed’èm
You’ll knead the bread, you’ll bake it, you’ll eat [it]

Kralevo 2

26 (a) təkà če sàm č’e ispɨ̀cəž gu tùk vəf p’èčkətə n’è e
and you just bake it, here in the oven, it’s not –

Malevo/Xsk 1

260 (VZh) a pòsle kàk se mèsi xl’àbə vèče
And after that, how do you make bread?

261 (a) əgà dunesɤ̀d brəšnòt uts’è̝eš ìməš sɨ̀tu
When they bring [home] the flour, you sift [it]. You’ve got a sieve, you’ve got

262 (a) ìməš nòštuve̝ zə hl’àp spec’àlnu prigòtveni zə utcè̝eš brəšnòt
You’ve got a kneading trough, made especially for bread. You sift the flour,

263 (a) pudmɨ̀səš kvàs i pòčvəž də m’èsiš l’àbə̥
you mix in the yeast, and you start to knead the bread.

265 (a) v’è̝č’er gu zàmesɨ ùtrɨn də stànə də gu ìspečə rànu
You knead it in the evening, and get up in the morning to bake it early,

Malevo/Xsk 2

42 (a) də znàeš sɨ̀čku də pràiš i də gòtviš
[You need] to know how to do everything: to cook…

43 (b) i hl’àb də pič’è̝š’
and bake bread

44 (a) i də pr’əd’è̝š i də təč’è̝š’ i hl’àb də peč’è̝š’ i
… and spin, and weave, and bake bread, and

Mogilica 6

1 (GK) tì pòsle tr'àəše li sə i xl'àp kàk mèsexte ot tvà
After that did you have to – Well, bread – how did you all make it?

3 (GK) kàk mèsexte xl'àp xl'àp kàk se mèsi kàk se pečè
How did you make bread? How is it kneaded, how is it baked?

4 (d) fùrnə imɛ̀še si sèkə kɔ̀štə fùrnə tə si gu pečè
There was an outside oven, every house had an outside oven. And it bakes

12 (GK) i kàk se mèsi l'àp
And how do you mix bread?

13 (d) na rəkà
Well, by hand!

14 (GK) kàk f kakvò
How? In what?

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Comments and questions may be addressed to bdlt@berkeley.edu.

Recommended Model for Citations

Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)
Babjak 1: 13-15. In: Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)

by Dr. Radut