Čokmanovo 2

1 (b) [0:02]      When it would rain a bit, we’d go out up there and look for mushrooms.

when rel rain 3sg impf P rain sg m little adv nom 1pl go.out 1pl impf I up adv
and
find 1pl impf I mushroom pl f

2 (b) [0:07]      We’d eat them, we’d fry them, we called them “surneli” (parasol mushrooms).

eat 1pl impf I
acc 3pl clt
fry 1pl impf I
acc 3pl clt
hes
call 1pl impf I
acc 3pl clt
parasol.mushroom pl m

3 (VZh)       [Were there other mushrooms?]

4 (b) [0:13]      There are other mushrooms which people ate. We called them “blood redcaps”.

pres exist
and
other pl adj mushroom pl f which pl rel med
acc refl clt
eat 3pl impf I nom 1pl
acc 3pl clt
say 1pl impf I blood.redcap pl f

5 (b) [0:19]      They come up in November or December, when the ground is well watered

nom 3pl come.out 3pl pres I in
November sg m December sg m when rel
acc refl clt
water 3sg pres P nicely adv earth sg f def dist

6 (b) [0:24]      so it gets moist. They come up then, in the month of December.

comp
become 3sg pres P moist sg f adj then adv come.out 3pl pres I during December sg m month sg m

7 (VZh)       [What do you cut meat with?]

8 (b) [0:30]      Yesterday I took [some] meat and sliced the meat. We cook with meat but [now]

yesterday adv take 1sg aor P meat sg n slice 1sg aor I meat sg n cook 1pl pres I meat sg n but

9 (b) [0:36]      there aren’t these old-time knives to cut it up at one stroke. We slice

pres neg exist old.time pl def med adj knife pl m
comp
acc m 3sg clt
cut.off 2sg pres P at.once adv cut 1pl pres I

10 (b) [0:40]      and slice and cut it all up [only] with difficulty. We cook the meat, we put it

cut 1pl pres I with.difficulty adv
acc m 3sg clt
cut.off 1pl pres I cook 1pl pres I meat sg n def dist put 1pl pres P
acc m 3sg clt

11 (b) [0:44]      in a cauldron and it boils. When we sat down [to eat], don’t ask how we ate!

in
cauldron sg f def dist boil.up 3sg pres P
when inter.rel
sit 1pl impf P sg neg hort ask inf I how interr eat 1pl impf I

12 (VZh)       [What did you plant?]

13 (b) [0:50]      We would plant rye and wheat and barley and corn.

nom 1pl sow 1pl impf I
and
rye sg m
and
wheat sg f
and
barley sg m
and
corn sg f

14 (b) [0:55]      We reaped all of it with sickles, it was really hard [work].

reap 1pl impf I
acc n 3sg clt
all sg n adj with
sickle pl m but
3sg impf cop
very adv hard adv

15 (b) [1:00]      We planted beans. And lentils, but they didn’t make it. The birds ate it all,

sow 1pl impf I beans sg m lentils sg f but
neg
become 3sg impf I
more
eat.up 3pl impf I
acc n 3sg clt
bird pl n

16 (b) [1:06]      the deer ate it all. There weren’t any lentils left for us.

eat.up 3pl impf I
acc n 3sg clt
doe pl f
neg
leave 3sg impf I
for
acc 1pl lentils sg f

17 (VZh)       [Did you use a rope to carry things back home?]

18 (b) [1:10]      [I'll say] “I want you to bring me a rope” because we’d tie up wood, beans, whatever.

want 1sg pres I
comp
dat 1sg clt
bring 2sg pres P rope sg n because
acc refl clt
tie.up 1pl pres I wood pl n beans sg m
interr clt
3sg pres aux clt
be sg n L.part

19 (b) [1:18]      We go gather oak-apples so we’ll have fire-starter and kindling for the winter.

oak.apple pl f go 1pl pres I
and
gather 1pl pres I
for
comp
have 1pl pres I winter adv fire.starter sg f
and
kindling sg f

20 (b) [1:23]      But we carry it on our backs. Whoever doesn’t have a donkey – on his back.

but
acc n 3sg clt
carry 1pl pres I
on
back pl m def prox who sg m rel med not.have 3sg pres I donkey sg n
on
back sg m def dist

21 (b) [1:27]      Whoever has a donkey harnesses up the carriage and goes off to load it up.

who sg m rel med have 3sg pres I donkey sg n harness 3sg pres P carriage sg f def dist go 3sg pres P
dat refl clt
and
dat refl clt
load 3sg pres P

22 (b) [1:32]      Whoever doesn’t have a donkey carries it tied to his back. And we bring

who sg m rel med not.have 3sg pres I donkey sg n carry 3sg pres I
on
back sg m def dist
on
rope sg n
and
dat refl clt
bring 1pl pres I

23 (b) [1:37]      everything tied up – oak-apples, kindling – we carry it all.

everything sg n adj
on
rope sg n
and
oak.apple pl f
and
kindling sg f everything sg n adj
dat refl clt
carry 1pl pres I
1 (b) [0:02]       kugàtu lètneš'e dɔ̀š màlku nìje izlìzəhme nəgòre tə nəhòdəhme gɔ̀bi

         When it would rain a bit, we’d go out up there and look for mushrooms.


2 (b) [0:07]       jəd'ɛ̀hme gi pɔ̀rž'ehme gi sə zvɛ̀hme gi sərn'èli

         We’d eat them, we’d fry them, we called them “surneli” (parasol mushrooms).


3 (VZh)       [Други гъби имаше ли?]

         [Were there other mushrooms?]


4 (b) [0:13]       ìmə i drùgi gɤ̀bi kutrìtu sə jəd'ɛ̀hə nìj gi kàzvəhme č'ervenùš'ki

         There are other mushrooms which people ate. We called them “blood redcaps”.


5 (b) [0:19]       t'ɛ̀ izlìzət fəf nuèmvri dekèmvri kugàtu sə nəpujì hùbəvu zem'ɔ̀nə

         They come up in November or December, when the ground is well watered


6 (b) [0:24]       də stàne vlàžnə tugàf izlìzət pr'ez dekèmri m'ɛ̀sec

         so it gets moist. They come up then, in the month of December.


7 (VZh)       [С какво режеш месото?]

         [What do you cut meat with?]


8 (b) [0:30]       fč'èrə zɔ̀h m'ɔ̀su r'ɛ̀zəh m'ɔ̀su gòtvime m'ɔ̀su əmə

         Yesterday I took [some] meat and sliced the meat. We cook with meat but [now]


9 (b) [0:36]       n'èmə nəpr'ɛ̀šnit'e nòž'uve də gu udr'ɛ̀ž'eš izvednɔ̀š' r'ɛ̀ž'eme

         there aren’t these old-time knives to cut it up at one stroke. We slice


10 (b) [0:40]       r'ɛ̀ž'eme zòrle gu udr'ɛ̀zvəme gòtvim'e m'ɔ̀sunu tùrime gu

         and slice and cut it all up [only] with difficulty. We cook the meat, we put it


11 (b) [0:44]       f hàrkumənə vəzvərì gà sɔ̀dnehme nemòj pìtə kàk əd'ɛ̀hme

         in a cauldron and it boils. When we sat down [to eat], don’t ask how we ate!


12 (VZh)       [Какво сеехте?]

         [What did you plant?]


13 (b) [0:50]       n'è sejɛ̀hme i rɔ̀š' i pš'enìcə i ječ'emìk i càrevicə

         We would plant rye and wheat and barley and corn.


14 (b) [0:55]       ž'ɔ̀nehme gu sìč'ku səs sɔ̀rpuve ələ be jɛ̀ce trùdnu

         We reaped all of it with sickles, it was really hard [work].


15 (b) [1:00]       sejɛ̀hme fəsùl' l'ɔ̀štə ələ ne stànvəš'e pò izìdəhə gu pìl'etə

         We planted beans. And lentils, but they didn’t make it. The birds ate it all,


16 (b) [1:06]       izìdəhə gu sɔ̀rni ne ustànvəš'e zə nàs l'ɔ̀štə

         the deer ate it all. There weren’t any lentils left for us.


17 (VZh)       [С въже ли го носехте в къщи?]

         [Did you use a rope to carry things back home?]


18 (b) [1:10]       ìštəm də mi dunes'èš vɔ̀ž'e wòti sə zəd'ɛ̀vəme dərvà fəsùl' l' e bilò

         [I'll say] “I want you to bring me a rope” because we’d tie up wood, beans, whatever.


19 (b) [1:18]       š'ìkəl'ki hòdim tə zbìrəm'e zə də ìməme zimɔ̀skə pòtvətkə i bòrnə

         We go gather oak-apples so we’ll have fire-starter and kindling for the winter.


20 (b) [1:23]       ələ gu nòsim'e nə gərbuv'èse kòjtu n'èmə məgàre nə gərbɔ̀n

         But we carry it on our backs. Whoever doesn’t have a donkey – on his back.


21 (b) [1:27]       kòjtu ìmə məgàre fpr'ɔ̀gne kərùčkənə ìde si tə si nətvàri

         Whoever has a donkey harnesses up the carriage and goes off to load it up.


22 (b) [1:32]       kòjtu n'èmə məgàr'e nòsi nə gərbɔ̀n nə vɔ̀ž'e i si dunìsəme

         Whoever doesn’t have a donkey carries it tied to his back. And we bring


23 (b) [1:37]       sìč'ku nə vɔ̀ž'e i š'ìkəl'ki i bòrnə sìčku si nòsim

         everything tied up – oak-apples, kindling – we carry it all.


1 (b) [0:02]       куга̀ту лѐтнеш’е до̂̀ш ма̀лку нѝйе излѝзәhме нәго̀ре тә нәhо̀дәhме го̂̀би

2 (b) [0:07]       йәд’е̂̀hме ги по̂̀рж’еhме ги сə зве̂̀hме ги сәрн’ѐли

3 (VZh)       [Други гъби имаше ли?]

4 (b) [0:13]       ѝмә и дру̀ги гъ̀би кутрѝту сә йәд’е̂̀hә нѝй ги ка̀звәhме ч’ервену̀ш’ки

5 (b) [0:19]       т’е̂̀ излѝзәт фәф нуѐмври декѐмври куга̀ту сә нәпуйѝ hу̀бәву зем’о̂̀нә

6 (b) [0:24]       дә ста̀не вла̀жнә туга̀ф излѝзәт пр’ез декѐмри м’е̂̀сец

7 (VZh)       [С какво режеш месото?]

8 (b) [0:30]       фч’ѐрә зо̂̀h м’о̂̀су р’е̂̀зәh м’о̂̀су го̀твиме м’о̂̀су әмә

9 (b) [0:36]       н’ѐмә нәпр’е̂̀шнит’е но̀ж’уве дә гу удр’е̂̀ж’еш изведно̂̀ш’ р’е̂̀ж’еме

10 (b) [0:40]       р’е̂̀ж’еме зо̀рле гу удр’е̂̀звәме го̀твим’е м’о̂̀суну ту̀риме гу

11 (b) [0:44]       ф hа̀ркумәнә вәзвәрѝ га̀ со̂̀днеhме немо̀й пѝтә ка̀к әд’е̂̀hме

12 (VZh)       [Какво сеехте?]

13 (b) [0:50]       н’ѐ сейе̂̀hме и ро̂̀ш’ и пш’енѝцә и йеч’емѝк и ца̀ревицә

14 (b) [0:55]       ж’о̂̀неhме гу сѝч’ку сәс со̂̀рпуве әлә бе йе̂̀це тру̀дну

15 (b) [1:00]       сейе̂̀hме фәсу̀л’ л’о̂̀штә әлә не ста̀нвәш’е по̀ изѝдәhә гу пѝл’етә

16 (b) [1:06]       изѝдәhә гу со̂̀рни не уста̀нвәш’е зә на̀с л’о̂̀штә

17 (VZh)       [С въже ли го носехте в къщи?]

18 (b) [1:10]       ѝштәм дә ми дунес’ѐш во̂̀ж’е ўо̀ти сә зәд’е̂̀вәме дәрва̀ фәсу̀л’ л’ е било̀

19 (b) [1:18]       ш’ѝкәл’ки hо̀дим тә збѝрәм’е зә дә ѝмәме зимо̂̀скә по̀твәткә и бо̀рнә

20 (b) [1:23]       әлә гу но̀сим’е нә гәрбув’ѐсе ко̀йту н’ѐмә мәга̀ре нә гәрбо̂̀н

21 (b) [1:27]       ко̀йту ѝмә мәга̀ре фпр’о̂̀гне кәру̀чкәнә ѝде си тә си нәтва̀ри

22 (b) [1:32]       ко̀йту н’ѐмә мәга̀р’е но̀си нә гәрбо̂̀н нә во̂̀ж’е и си дунѝсәме

23 (b) [1:37]       сѝч’ку нә во̂̀ж’е и ш’ѝкәл’ки и бо̀рнә сѝчку си но̀сим

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Comments and questions may be addressed to bdlt@berkeley.edu.

Recommended Model for Citations

Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)
Babjak 1: 13-15. In: Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)

Text | by Dr. Radut