1 (a) [0:00] We had a vineyard up the hill here, and we plowed it with Grandpa Vanyo
|have 1pl impf I||vineyard sg n||here adv||above adv||and||acc n 3sg clt||plow 1pl aor I||with||grandfather sg m||Vanyo sg m name|
2 (a) [0:05] (your father knew Grandpa Vanyo), and once I –
|disc||father sg m||dat 2sg clt||know 3sg pres I||grandfather sg m||Vanyo sg m name||disc||again adv||one sg m adj||time sg m||nom 1sg|
3 (a) [0:11] we were up there digging, or something, and from down below there appeared
|1pl impf cop||above adv||dig 1pl impf I||interr clt||what sg n interr||interr clt||disc||disc||acc refl clt||appear 3sg aor P||below adv|
4 (a) [0:21] something, it had [some sort of] decoration. What sort of thing is this, I thought,
|some.kind sg n adj||disc||have 3sg impf I||decoration pl f||what sg n interr||interr clt||neg||nom 1sg||think 1sg impf I|
5 (a) [0:25] is this some sort of magic? But it turned out to be a sign of hidden money
|this sg n med adj||magic pl f||say 3sg pres P||but||be sg n L.part||sign sg m||of||money pl.t||L.part exist|
6 (a) [0:28] in that place, and so he dug it out and – Ah, child, dear one,
|in||this sg n med adj||place sg n||and||disc||dat refl clt||dig 3sg aor P||son voc sg m||grandmother voc sg f|
7 (a) [0:32] sit [in the] shade! [If you stay] over there, you’ll get sick.
|sit sg imv P||shade acc sg f||disc||there adv||here adv||fut||acc refl clt||acc 2sg||dat 2sg clt||become 3sg pres P||bad adv|
8 (VZh) He wants to pour water on his [head].
|nom m 3sg||want 3sg pres I||comp||acc refl clt||pour 3sg pres P|
9 (a) [0:36] Here, [come over] here [in] the shade.
|disc||ost||here adv||shade sg f|
10 (VZh) Let him be in the heat – he wants to do it that way.
|leave sg imv P||acc m 3sg clt||heat sg f||dat m 3sg clt||want 3sg pres I||comp||acc refl clt||do.such 3sg pres I|
11 (a) [0:38] Let him wash [his head], but he should – [And you,] sit in the sun [if you want],
|disc||hort||acc refl clt||wash 3sg pres P||disc||disc||nom m 3sg||comp||hort||sit sg imv P||in||sun sg n def|
12 (a) [0:41] but you’ve sat [in a place] that will give you a headache!
|but||nom 2sg||2sg pres aux clt||sit sg m L.part I||fut||dat 2sg clt||become 3sg pres P||bad adv||on||head acc sg f|
13 (VZh) No, no, [that] won’t [happen].
|fut neg||fut neg|
14 (a) [0:43] No, [it] won’t?
|fut neg||fut neg|
15 (VZh) No, it won’t. My head is strong.
|fut neg||my sg f def adj||head sg f||3sg pres cop clt||healthy sg f adj|
16 (a) [0:45] Hmph!
17 (VZh) My head will hold its own.
|fut||hold 3sg pres P||my sg f def adj||head sg f|
18 (a) [0:48] Well then you, dear one, come into the shade! Sit in the shade,
|disc||nom 2sg||grandmother voc sg f||take sg imv P||shade acc sg f||and||sit sg imv P||in||shade sg f|
19 (a) [0:51] [otherwise] you’ll get sick.
|fut||dat 2sg clt||become 3sg pres P||bad adv|
20 (PSh) No I won’t, granny. I’m fine.
|fut neg||grandmother voc sg f||good adv||dat 1sg clt||3sg pres cop clt|
21 (VZh) So what did you think this was? You thought [it was] magic, right?
|disc||nom 2sg||what sg n interr||think 2sg aor P||that conj||3sg pres cop clt||nom 2sg||think 2sg impf I||that conj||that conj||magic sg f||thus adv||interr clt|
22 (a) [0:55] Ah, well –
23 (VZh) And what is this magic?
|and||what sg n interr||3sg pres cop clt||this sg n adj||magic sg f|
24 (a) [0:56] my child, it comes as [laughter] –
|disc||son voc sg m||go 3sg pres P|
25 (VZh) And who performs this [sort of thing]?
|disc||and||which sg m interr||fut||acc n 3sg clt||do 3sg pres P||this sg n adj|
26 (a) [0:58] [cough] But there was magic a long time ago. The children were – I tell them –
|disc||thus adv||long.ago adv||3sg impf cop||magic sg f||disc||child pl n def||3pl impf cop||say 1sg pres I||dat 3pl clt||for|
27 (b) [1:03] What happened [with that riddle]? Who was it that was working?
|what sg n interr||become 3sg aor P||what.kind pl adj||3pl pres aux clt||work pl L.part I|
28 (a) [1:05] Oh, they haven’t got a clue who it was. They won’t figure it out
|excl||know 3sg pres I||dat 3pl clt||bottom sg n||which sg m interr||what.kind pl adj||3pl pres cop clt||fut neg||acc refl clt||think 3pl pres P|
29 (a) [1:08] even [when they go] to the other world!
|nor||in||that sg m dist adj||world sg m|
30 (b) [1:09] In a bit I’ll [come down].
|after||little adv||fut||nom 1sg|
31 (VZh) So let’s see then what [it’s about]. What is it when it’s a sign of treasure,
|disc||comp||see 1pl pres P||mean 3sg pres I||what sg n interr||3sg pres cop clt||when interr||3sg pres cop clt||sign sg m||what sg n interr||3sg pres cop clt|
32 (VZh) and what is it when it’s magic? Why are the two different [from one another]?
|when interr||3sg pres cop clt||magic sg f||what sg n interr||3sg pres cop clt||this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||interr clt||what interr||3pl pres cop clt||two f||different pl adj|
33 (a) [1:14] Ah –
34 (VZh) [unintelligible]
35 (a) [1:15] Ah, when is it a sign of treasure?
|disc||when interr||3sg pres cop clt||sign sg m|
36 (VZh) Yes.
37 (a) [1:17] Well. magic is – you find [it] –
|magic sg f||find 2sg pres P|
38 (b) [1:19] [unintelligible]
39 (a) [1:21] A long time ago old women would cast spells and frighten people.
|long.ago adv||old.woman pl f||disc||charm 3pl pres I||and||frighten 3pl pres I||people sg m|
40 (a) [1:24] Old women would frighten young people, they’d collect this and that
|old.woman pl f||frighten 3pl pres P||young pl m def||and||collect 3pl pres P||one sg n adj||other sg n adj|
41 (a) [1:29] and go to someone’s door and cast spells.
|and||go 3pl pres||to||person sg m def||to||door sg f||and||make 3pl pres I||magic sg f|
42 (a) [1:33] They’d wind rugs [on the door], or leave a flower, or leave candles.
|wind 3pl pres I||either||rug sg m||either||flower sg n||put 3pl pres P||either||candle pl f||put 3sg pres I|
43 (a) [1:38] You know, don’t you, that means magic spells are cast on somebody or another.
|interr||know 2sg pres I||and||this sg n med adj||say 3sg pres P||do sg n P.part I||magic sg f||on||certain indcl||dat 3sg clt||on||who acc sg m|
44 (VZh) Aha.
45 (a) [1:44] [But] that was long ago. Now about weddings –
|this sg n med adj||3sg pres aux clt||be sg n L.part||long.ago adv||and||otherwise adv||wedding sg f def|
46 (b) [1:46] Children’s hair would be shorn [in an effort to bewitch them].
|shear pl P.part I||3pl pres cop clt||child pl n|
47 (a) [1:50] Well, [in the case of] my son –
||disc||to||my sg m def adj||son sg m||
48 (VZh) Ah, they would shear children’s hair? But why?
|disc||child pl n||fut||shear 3pl pres I||disc||why interr|
49 (a) [1:52] Well, my God, it was done to my son when he was a little child.
|God voc sg m||disc||my sg m def adj||son sg m||3sg pres cop clt||do sg n P.part P||dat m 3sg clt||childhood sg n|
50 (a) [1:56] He came up and [I saw] that his hair was shorn, here around the crown of his head.
|come 3sg aor P||here adv||and||disc||dat m 3sg clt||hair sg f def||here adv||on||crown sg n def||shear sg n P.part P|
51 (a) [2:00] Here, just a part of his hair shorn away. They ( = magic forces) did him in,
|ost||so.much adv||piece sg n||shear sg n P.part P||dat m 3sg clt||from||hair acc sg f def||and||acc m 3sg clt||eat 3pl aor P|
52 (a) [2:08] and also the other girl. That one who was doing stupid things to them –
|on||other sg n||girl sg n||this sg f med adj||rel||acc 3pl clt||do sg f L.part I||stupidity pl f|
53 (b) [2:16] [Spells] were cast on [all] three of them!
|on||three an.num||3sg pres cop clt||do sg n P.part P|
54 (a) [2:17] On –
55 (b) [2:17] One was bewitched into illness, another into drunkenness,
|on||one sg m def adj||for||illness sg f||on||one sg m def adj||for||drunkness sg n|
56 (b) [2:20] and the other one into dying.
|on||other sg f def adj||for||death sg n|
57 (a) [2:21] [Into] dying.
|death sg n|
58 (b) [2:22] One of them died –
|one sg n def adj||die 3sg aor P|
59 (VZh) “Into dying” – what’s that?
|to||death sg n||what sg n interr||3sg pres cop clt||this sg n adj|
60 (b) [2:24] Well –
61 (VZh) Does it mean “to die”?
|mean 3sg pres I||comp||die 3sg pres P|
62 (a) [2:25] [Yes,] to die.
|comp||die 3sg pres P|
63 (b) [2:25] Well –
64 (a) [2:26] And he died.
|disc||die 3sg aor P|