1 (b) [0:00] But you didn’t say
|but||neg||2sg pres aux clt||tell sg f L.part P|
2 (c) [0:01] hm
3 (b) [0:02] where our village got the name Kralevo.
|our sg n def adj||village sg n||from.where adv||carry 3sg pres I||name sg n def||Kralevo sg n place|
4 (a) [0:03] Well, they didn’t ask.
|disc||disc||neg||3pl pres aux clt||ask pl L.part I||for|
5 (b) [0:05] [laughter]
6 (b) [0:05] about our village …
|for||our sg n def adj||village sg n|
7 (VZh) [laughter]
8 (a) [0:06] why the village has the name Kralevo. I remember this
|for||what sg n interr||village n def sg||have 3sg pres I||and||name sg n def||Kralevo sg name||nom 1sg||this sg n med adj||dat refl clt||remember 1sg pres I|
9 (a) [0:09] from my grandfather. There’s this, they say,
|from||grandfather acc sg m||dat 1sg clt||nom 3pl||now adv||say 3pl pres I|
10 (a) [0:11] this “Kavak” (poplar) district. “Kavak” means “topola” (poplar).
|this sg n med adj||poplar sg m||district sg f||poplar sg m||poplar sg f|
11 (VZh) Yes
12 (a) [0:14] And somewhere up there, close by that which we call
|disc||there adv||L.part. exist||above adv||dat refl clt||somewhere adv||where interr||this sg n med adj||rel||say 1pl pres I||nom 1pl|
13 (a) [0:17] Balkan villages, there was another “Poplar [village]”. But our village
|Balkan pl def adj||village pl n||and||other sg n adj||there adv||poplar sg n adj||hes||and||our sg n def adj||village sg n|
14 (a) [0:21] gets its name from – Here is this high place up at the top,
|name sg n def||carry 3sg pres I||of||hes||here adv||3sg pres cop clt||this sg n med adj||on||high sg n def adj||on||summit sg m def|
15 (a) [0:27] it’s called “Krŭklare” (“The Forty”), “Krŭklare”.
|acc refl clt||say 3sg pres I||Krŭklare sg n name||Krŭklare sg n name|
16 (VZh) “Krɤklare”
|Krŭklare sg n name|
17 (a) [0:30] It seems to me that this is – “kɤrk” –
|dat 1sg clt||acc refl clt||
||dat 1sg clt||acc refl clt||seem 3sg pres I||this sg n med adj||3pl pres cop clt||forty|
18 (a) [0:32] [that] means “forty”, doesn’t it, Lenche?
|forty||interr clt||3sg impf cop||adrs||Lenche sg f name|
19 (VZh) [Yes,] “kŭrk” is “forty.” Right?
|forty||3sg pres cop clt||forty||thus adv||interr clt|
20 (a) [0:35] Forty.
21 (c) [0:35] Yes, that’s right.
|yes||thus adv||3sg pres cop clt|
22 (b) [0:35] Forty kings.
|forty||king pl m|
23 (a) [0:36] It’s told that back in the old days here, supposedly
|disc||disc||this sg n med adj||acc refl clt||tell 3sg pres I||that conj||one sg n adj||time sg n||here adv||as.if adv|
24 (a) [0:38] in the Turkish times when there was some “Kralyo the rebel”.
|hes||in||Turkish n adj||time sg n||when rel||L.part. exist||some sg m adj||dat refl clt||Kralyo sg m name||leader sg m|
25 (c) [0:42] [unintelligible]
26 (a) [0:44] the rebel leader.” I know this from my grandfather, my grandfather:
|hes||and||now adv||this sg n med adj||know 1sg pres I||from||grandfather sg m def||that.is adv||from||grandfather acc sg m||dat refl clt|
27 (a) [0:47] [the tale] that there were some Bulgarians here,
|that conj||here adv||3sg pres aux clt||exist L.part||some pl adj||Bulgarian pl m|
28 (a) [0:49] each [of them] lived somewhere around here in some town quarter
|all||and||3pl pres aux clt||3pl pres aux clt||here adv||somewhere adv||dat refl clt||here adv||some.kind sg f adj||district sg f|
29 (a) [0:51] and there was some little boy and he was called “Kralyo”
|that conj||this sg n med adj||boy sg n||little sg adj||such sg n med adj||one sg n adj||acc refl clt||say sg m L.part I||Kralyo sg m name|
30 (a) [0:53] And he was a very – he grew up into a strong, hot-tempered fellow.
|nom m 3sg||be sg m L.part||very adv||such sg m med adj||as.much rel||grow sg m L.part I||hot.tempered sg n adj||strong sg n adj||boy sg n|
31 (a) [0:56] And they went out and put on a fair, with wrestling [matches],
|and||go.out pl L.part I||thus adv||and||make pl L.part I||here adv||fair sg m||and||3pl pres cop clt||wrestling sg f|
32 (a) [1:00] they wrestled. Because …
[ … ]
||wrestle pl L.part.impf I||acc refl clt||and|
33 (VZh) Hm.
34 (a) [1:02] … Turks are more into wrestling, they came out [and said],
|Turk m def pl||more||wrestler pl m||and||go.out pl L.part I||there adv|
35 (a) [1:06] “Isn’t there some infidel here who’ll come out and wrestle a bit?”
|neg exist||interr clt||some sg m adj||infidel sg m||comp||come.out 3sg pres P||acc refl clt||wrestle 1pl pres P|
36 (a) [1:08] And [our boy] had an uncle who said “Get up, Kralyo, get up
|and||nom m 3sg||have sg m L.part I||one sg m adj||uncle sg m||say sg m L.part||arise sg imv P||adrs||Kralyo sg m name||arise sg imv P|
37 (a) [1:12] and try your luck. If they get the better of you,” he said, “then they do.
|acc refl clt||attempt sg imv I||when inter.rel||acc 2sg clt||defeat 3pl pres P||defeat 3pl pres P||call 3sg pres I|
38 (a) [1:15] But if a Bulgarian is strong as well, let him come out [and fight].” Fine.
|but||if conj||3sg pres cop clt||strong sg m adj||and||Bulgarian sg m||comp||come.out 3sg pres P||fine adv|
39 (a) [1:18] So he, the Bulgarian, came out strong and defeated the Turks – the Turkish wrestlers.
|disc||nom m 3sg||Bulgarian sg m def||emerge sg m L.part P||strong sg m adj||defeat sg m L.part P||Turk m def pl||Turkish pl m def adj||wrestler pl m|
40 (a) [1:24] They took a hatred to him and said “How could this [happen]?
|nom 3pl||acc m 3sg clt||take.hatred pl L.part P||say pl L.part P||how interr||thus med adv||interr clt||neg|
41 (a) [1:27] We have to have our revenge on him.” His house was at the end of the village.
|must pres I imprs||comp||dat m 3sg clt||dat refl clt||avenge 1pl pres P||house sg f def||dat m 3sg clt||be sg f L.part||there adv||at.end adv||village sg n|
42 (a) [1:31] He had some kids (the boy had gotten married),
|have sg m L.part I||some pl adj||child pl n||boy sg n def||acc refl clt||be sg n L.part aux||marry sg n L.part P||acc refl clt|
43 (b) [1:35] and the Turks attacked [the house], but he wasn’t there.
|and||nom 3pl||acc m 3sg||attack 3pl pres I||Turk pl m def||acc m 3sg||L.part neg exist|
44 (b) [1:40] They set fire to his house.
|and||ignite pl L.part P||dat m 3sg clt||house sg f def|
45 (a) [1:40] They set fire to his house, and he, since he’d been elsewhere
|ignite pl L.part P||dat m 3sg clt||house sg f def||and||and||nom m 3sg||where rel||3sg pres aux clt||be sg m L.part||somewhere adv|
46 (a) [1:43] (he’d gone out, he wasn’t there), when he came back [and saw]
|3sg pres aux clt||be sg m L.part aux||go.out sg m L.part P||L.part neg exist||acc m 3sg clt||when rel||acc refl clt||return sg m L.part P|
47 (a) [1:45] his house all burnt down, he got angry and became this rebel leader –
|house sg f def||dat m 3sg clt||burn sg f L.part P||nom m 3sg||then adv||acc refl clt||get.angry sg m L.part I||and||become sg m L.part P||leader sg m||disc|
48 (a) [1:51] how can I tell you?
|what sg n interr||comp||dat 2pl clt||say 1sg pres P|
49 (VZh) A “hayduk” (outlaw), right?
|outlaw sg m||disc|
50 (a) [1:52] [No,] not an outlaw. He gathered this band of warriors here, supposedly
|not||outlaw sg m||gather sg m L.part I||band sg f||here adv||as.if adv|
51 (VZh) Hm
52 (a) [1:54] with guns there in, for example, Mugla.
|with||revolver sg m||here adv||Mugla sg f place||comp||say 1sg pres P|
53 (b) [1:57] Kralyo the rebel, [in] Mugla.
|Mugla sg f place||Kralyo sg m name||leader sg m|
54 (a) [1:57] He lived a long time, and supposedly he died as far away as –
|many adv||year pl f||live sg m L.part I||and||and||as.if adv||that conj||die sg m L.part P||even adv||where interr|
55 (a) [2:00] they trampled him – in short, he died in the Smolyan area.
|what sg n interr||acc m 3sg clt||3pl pres aux clt||mash pl L.part P||hes||thus med adv||comp||die sg m L.part P||[…]||in||Smolyan.region sg n adj|
56 (a) [2:03] What’s the name, Lenche? Was it Raykovo?
|Lenche sg f name||how interr||acc refl clt||say 3sg pres I||this sg n med adj||adrs||how interr||adrs||Raykovo sg n place||interr clt|
57 (a) [2:05] I don’t know, [it was] somewhere.
|neg||know 1sg pres I||somewhere adv|
58 (VZh) Yes, Raykovo
||Raykovo sg n place|
59 (c) [2:06] [unintelligible]
60 (a) [2:07] Was it Nastan?
|disc||Nastan sg m place||disc||disc|
61 (c) [2:08] Kralyo the rebel leader
|Kralyo sg m name||leader sg m|
62 (a) [2:09] Yes, Kralyo the rebel leader, that’ll be it. And from here. Didn’t I tell you?
|disc||disc||Kralyo sg m name||leader sg m||fut||3sg pres cop clt||from.here adv||
||already adv||interr||dat 2sg clt||say 1sg pres I|
63 (a) [2:12] when the Turks attacked him, and he was still here with his wife
|Turk m def pl||when conj||acc m 3sg clt||attack pl L.part P||thus med adv||and||nom m 3sg||already adv||here adv||with||wife sg f def||dat m 3sg clt|
64 (a) [2:14] and when his house burned down, he got out of here
|already adv||house sg f def||dat m 3sg clt||burn sg f L.part P||nom m 3sg||acc refl clt||depart sg m L.part P||from||from.here adv|
65 (a) [2:16] and he got together with a band, and that’s why
|and||acc refl clt||gather sg m L.part I||with||one sg f adj||band sg f||and||this sg n med adj||for||this sg n med adj|
66 (a) [2:18] they gave this name [to the village].
|to||this sg n med adj||name sg n||acc refl clt||name 3sg aor I|
67 (b) [2:19] And it became Kralevo
|and||become 3sg pres I||dat refl clt||Kralyevo sg n place|
68 (a) [2:20] after Kralyo the rebel leader, Kralyo,
|Kralyo sg m name||leader sg m||Kralyo sg m name||Kralyo sg m name|
69 (a) [2:21] Kralyo, the name of that leader
|Kralyo sg m name||for||this sg m med adj||leader sg m||name sg n def|
70 (VZh) Uh huh.
71 (a) [2:23] That I know (for sure) [from] my grandfather.
|this sg n med adj||know 1sg pres I||nom 1sg||my sg m def adj||grandfather sg m|