1 (RA) Until snow [comes]?
|to||snow sg m def|
2 (a) [0:02] … until the snow [comes]. It’s close. There’s rain already over there,
|to||snow sg m def||near adv||dat refl clt||there adv||rain sg m||already adv|
3 (RA) Hm.
4 (a) [0:05] and a bit ago it froze.
|after||time sg n||disc||dat refl clt||acc refl clt||freeze 3sg aor P|
5 (RA) Mmhm.
6 (a) [0:08] So I dug those out. We went to plow the garden,
|and||acc 3pl clt||take.out 1sg aor P||that sg m adj||go 1pl aor P||comp||plow 1pl pres I||garden sg f def|
7 (a) [0:11] to get it ready,
|thus med adv||for||comp||acc f 3sg clt||prepare 1pl pres I|
8 (RA) Yeah –
9 (a) [0:14] And I said, “Wait, first I’ll dig the potatoes out,
|and||nom 1sg||say 1sg pres I||wait sg imv I||nom 1sg||before adv||comp||bring.out 1sg pres P||potato pl m def|
10 (a) [0:16] for our [family],” I said, “and then we’ll – we’ll plow [the field] up.”
|for||our sg m def adj||say 1sg pres I||then adv||fut||acc 3pl clt||fut||acc f 3sg clt||plow 1pl pres P|
11 (a) [0:19] I dug out the potatoes out, but these – there was old woman up there,
|bring.out 1sg aor P||potato pl f def||but||this pl med adj||and||above adv||impf exist||one sg f adj||grandmother sg f|
12 (a) [0:25] Granny Blagovitsa.
|grandmother sg f||Blagovitsa sg f name|
13 (RA) Hm.
14 (a) [0:27] And she said to me, “Asibe!”
|say 3sg pres I||to||acc 1sg||Asibe sg f name|
15 (RA) Uh huh.
16 (a) [0:29] “Bring me some of these potatoes too,” she said. “Bring [some]
|bring sg imv P||and||to||acc 1sg||say 3sg pres I||from||this pl med adj||potato pl f||say 3sg pres I||bring sg imv P|
17 (a) [0:32] so I can taste them” and see [how they are] now.”
|comp||acc 3pl clt||taste 1sg pres P||comp||see 1sg pres P||now adv|
18 (b) [0:33] She used to live alone, but talks a lot.
|nom 3sg||alone adv||dat refl clt||live 3sg impf I||but||much adv||narrate 3sg pres I||nom 3sg|
19 (b) [0:36] She’s gotten ill, though, since [she came to live] in town.
|but||take.ill 3sg aor P||acc refl clt||since conj||3sg pres cop clt||in||city sg m def|
20 (RA) Uh huh.
21 (b) [0:38] [She’s] on welfare.
|on||social pl adj||care pl f|
22 (RA) Huh!
23 (b) [0:41] They’ve got that in town,
|in||city sg m def||pres exist||and|
24 (RA) Yes?
25 (b) [0:42] and that’s [where] she lives [now].
|and||there adv||live 3sg pres I|
26 (a) [0:43] Ah, I tell you, Roni, I tell you this [thing]. [You’ve got] one mother
|this sg n med adj||say 1sg pres||Roni sg f name||this sg n med adj||say 1sg pres I||[...]||one sg f adj||mother sg f|
27 (a) [0:48] [who] has raised up seven sons. And now [these] seven sons
|seven||son ct m||3sg pres aux clt||raise sg f L.part P||hes||seven||son ct m|
28 (a) [0:50] can’t look after [this] one mother! [Instead], they turned her over
|one sg f adj||mother sg f||neg||can pres imprs||comp||look 3pl pres I||drive.off 3pl aor P||acc f 3sg clt|
29 (a) [0:55] to welfare to [make other] people look after her.
|to||social pl adj||care pl f||comp||acc f 3sg clt||look 3pl pres I||people pl def|
30 (RA) Hm.
31 (a) [0:58] And these three, [or however many] of them, couldn’t …
|and||nom 3pl||m def an.num||hes||nom 3pl||all pl def adj||neg||can 3pl impf I|
32 (b) [1:01] Six. [She] has six sons.
|six||six||son ct m||have 3sg pres I|
33 (a) [1:02] … be of service to one mother. Six sons!
|to||one sg f adj||mother sg f||comp||do 3pl pres I||service sg m||six||son ct m|
34 (a) [1:06] (to daughter): Was it six or seven?
|six||interr clt||3pl pres cop clt||seven||interr clt||3pl pres cop clt|
35 (b) [1:08] Six.
36 (a) [1:08] And so this woman, [some]one [named] Lenka, came to our door
|hes||hes||and||this sg f med adj||woman sg f||one sg f adj||Lenka sg f name||come 3sg aor P||before||our sg f def adj||doorway sg f|
37 (a) [1:13] to say – [And] I said, “Sister Lenka, what’s happening [with] Granny? What’s she doing?”
|and||say 3sg pres I||say 1sg pres I||older.sister voc sg f||Lenka voc sg f name||what sg n interr||happen 3sg pres I||grandmother sg f def||what sg n interr||do 3sg pres I|
38 (RA) Umhm.
39 (a) [1:18] After all, she’s my neighbor. She [would] say to me, “Oh, Asibe,
|nom f 3sg||because||to||acc 1sg||neighbor sg f||say 3sg pres I||to||acc 1sg||Asibe sg f name||disc|
40 (a) [1:20] I like you so much! Come to my house to sit [and chat] for a bit.”
|much adv||dat refl clt||acc 2sg clt||caress 1sg pres I||come sg impf I||by||acc 1sg||comp||dat refl clt||sit.awhile 2sg pres I|
41 (RA) Hm.
42 (a) [1:24] She talked in this high-pitched voice. “Come over,” she said, “to my place
|one sg n adj||as||in||thin adv||talk 3sg impf I||come sg imv P||say 3sg pres P||by||acc 1sg|
43 (a) [1:26] and let’s –”. She was a healer. Lots of people from all over
|comp||dat refl clt||nom f 3sg||3sg impf cop||sorceress sg f||many adv||from.everywhere adv||from.everywhere adv|
44 (a) [1:31] would come here just to see her, to have her bless them and cast spells.
|only adv||come 3pl impf I||here adv||by||acc f 3sg||comp||dat 3pl clt||bless 3sg pres I||comp||dat 3pl clt||chant 3sg pres I||thus med adv|
45 (b) [1:35] Children get a bit scared that she’ll …
|something sg n||child pl n def||frighten 3pl pres P||acc refl clt||nom f 3sg||dat 3pl clt|
46 (RA) Yeah.
47 (b) [1:39] … do something to them.
|something sg n||dat 3pl clt||do 3sg pres I|
48 (RA) Yeah – yeah.
49 (a) [1:40] [So] she would bless them and do these granny-like things. So now I say –
|bless 3sg impf I||dat 3pl clt||do.such 3sg pres P||like||grandmother's pl adj||thing pl f||dat refl clt||and||say 1sg pres I||now adv|
50 (a) [1:46] She, I – they’d come to the garden and gathered tomatoes. There were a lot [then];
|and||nom f 3sg||nom 1sg||in||garden sg f def||enter pl L.part P||gather pl L.part I||tomato pl m||impf exist||many adv|
51 (a) [1:50] this year there’s a drought but in those years there were a lot of tomatoes –
|this sg f prox adj||year sg f||drought sg f||but||that pl dist adj||year pl f||impf exist||tomato pl n|
52 (RA) Mmm.
53 (a) [1:53] so I say, “How about I gather up the nicest ones?” and she says –
|now adv||fut||dat f 3sg clt||gather 1sg pres I||most||nice pl def adj||interr||nom f 3sg||say 3sg pres I|
54 (RA) Hah.
55 (a) [1:55] I say, “Granny, do you want some?” “Oh, bring me [some]!” So I’ll gather up
|say 1sg pres I||grandmother voc sg f||want 2sg pres I||interr clt||bring sg imv P||dat 1sg clt||fut||gather 1sg pres P|
56 (a) [1:58] the nicest ones in my apron and I’ll take them to her. “May you live in health!
|most||nice pl def adj||in||apron sg f def||fut||dat f 3sg clt||take 1sg pres P||comp||2sg pres cop clt||healthy sg f adj||and||alive sg f adj|
57 (a) [2:02] I like you very much!” (Ah, you’re recording me…) – that’s how she talked to me.
|much adv||dat refl clt||acc 2sg clt||caress 1sg pres I||nom 2sg||dat refl clt||acc 1sg clt||record 2sg pres I||thus med adv||dat 1sg clt||say 3sg impf I|
58 (a) [2:06] And now, before she comes I’ll make some milk, some curds, whatever food I make,
|and||now adv||until||come 3sg pres I||milk sg n||curds sg f||fut||make 1sg pres P||what sg n interr||make 1sg pres P||food sg n|
59 (a) [2:11] I’ll take it up to her too. And we’re very close. She says,
|fut||dat f 3sg clt||take 1sg pres P||and||to||acc f 3sg||very adv||dat refl clt||acc refl clt||have 1pl pres||say 3sg pres I|
60 (a) [2:14] “I like you a lot. Come and let’s chat, also about daughters-in-law,
|much adv||acc 2sg clt||caress 1sg pres I||come 3sg imv I||comp||dat refl clt||talk 1pl pres I||and||for||daughter.in.law pl f def|
61 (a) [2:18] because they’re always quarrelling.” I’m not telling you this to make –
|always adv||dat refl clt||acc refl clt||quarrel 3sg pres I||interr||nom 1sg||neg||dat 2pl clt||say 1sg pres I||comp||acc refl clt||make 1sg pres I|
62 (a) [2:22] to provoke a quarrel. There are some women who hear [something] from one
|comp||make 1sg pres I||argument sg f||some pl adj||woman pl f||pres exist||from||acc f 3sg||acc n 3sg clt||take 3sg pres P|
63 (a) [2:26] and pass it on to another [unintelligible]
|to||acc f 3sg||acc n 3sg clt||give 3sg aor I|
64 (RA) Uh huh.
65 (a) [2:27] She never said anything at all.
|nothing sg n||neg||say 3sg impf I|
66 (RA) Hm.
67 (a) [2:28] Not at all. Let them quarrel, if they’re going to quarrel [anyway]. Like a mother-in-law.
|nothing sg n||and||comp||dat refl clt||acc refl clt||quarrel 3sg pres P||fut||acc refl clt||quarrel 3sg pres P||interr||like||mother.in.law sg f|
68 (a) [2:35] Now Lenka says – Then I say to Lenka, “Sister Lenka, what’s happening
|and||now adv||hes||there adv||and||say 3sg pres I||Lenka sg f name||say 3sg pres I||older.sister voc sg f||Lenka voc sg f name||what sg n interr||become 3sg pres I|
69 (a) [2:38] with the old lady, is she O.K.?” And she says, “Oh, she’s fine,”
|with||grandmother sg f def||fine adv||interr clt||3sg pres cop clt||and||nom f 3sg||say 3sg pres I||disc||nom f 3sg||3sg pres cop clt||well adv|
70 (a) [2:43] she says. “She’s fine.” And I say “Why? Because you’re looking after her?”
|say 3sg pres I||well adv||3sg pres cop clt||say 1sg pres I||why interr||nom 2sg||interr clt||acc f 3sg clt||look 2sg pres I|
71 (RA) Hmm.
72 (a) [2:47] And then she says, “Oh, everybody,” she says.” And I say, “Has she gotten a bit better?
|and||nom f 3sg||say 3sg pres I||excl||all pl adj||say 3sg pres I||say 1sg pres I||recover 3sg aor P||interr clt||acc refl clt||little adv|
73 (a) [2:54] She was really wasted and faded.”
|3sg impf cop||very adv||waste sg f P.part P||and||dry.out sg f L.part P|
74 (b) [2:57] [unintelligible]
75 (a) [2:57] “Oh, now she’s better,” she said. But –
|nom 3sg||now adv||acc refl clt||recover 3sg aor||say 3sg pres I||disc|
76 (b) [2:59] How old is that old lady? Ninety-three?
|how.many interr||year pl f||ninety||and||three||year pl f||3sg pres cop clt||this sg f med adj||grandmother sg f|
77 (a) [3:01] Ninety-three, but otherwise very sharp.
|ninety||and||three||year pl f||but||otherwise adv||3sg pres cop clt||very adv||intelligent sg f adj|
78 (RA) Uh huh.
79 (a) [3:05] She hasn’t forgotten anything.
|nothing sg n||neg||dat refl clt||3sg pres aux clt||forget sg f L.part|
80 (RA) Hm.
81 (a) [3:07] No problem with her mind. Her head is the same,
|nothing sg n||neg||acc refl clt||3sg pres aux clt||forget sg f L.part||head sg f def||dat refl clt||3sg pres cop clt||same sg f def adj|
82 (a) [3:09] her mind is the same.
|mind sg m def||dat refl clt||3sg pres cop clt||same sg m def adj|
83 (RA) [Her] mind all [in place].
|all adv||mind sg m|
84 (a) [3:11] [She’s got] the same mind, she talks [fine].
|same sg m def adj||mind sg m def||dat refl clt||dat f 3sg clt||3sg pres cop clt||talk 3sg pres I||dat refl clt|
85 (a) [3:14] She even remembers more than I do.
|even adv||more||remember 3sg pres I||and||from||acc 1sg|
86 (RA) Hm.
87 (a) [3:16] And she says –
|and||say 3sg pres I|
88 (b) [3:19] [She] only [watches] television, round the clock.
|only adv||day.and.night adv||before||television sg f def|
89 (a) [3:21] She says –
90 (RA) Really?
|thus adv||interr clt|
91 (a) [3:22] “Who’s looking after her, sister Lenko?” And she says,
|who sg m interr||acc f 3sg clt||look 3sg pres I||who sg m interr||acc f 3sg clt||look 3sg pres I||older.sister voc sg f||Lenka voc sg f name||and||nom f 3sg||say 3sg pres I|
92 (a) [3:26] “They – her food is insured,” she says. “Welfare.” “But how is that?”
|nom 3pl||dat f 3sg clt||insure sg f P.part P||dat f 3sg||food sg n||say 3sg pres I||social pl adj||care pl f||disc||how interr|
93 (a) [3:32] “Well, from her pension. They take out five hundred, and
|disc||from||pension sg f def||five||hundred pl f||dat f 3sg clt||stop 3sg pres I|
94 (a) [3:35] give [the remaining] four hundred to her,” she says.
|four||hundred pl f||dat f 3sg clt||give 3pl pres I||say 3sg pres P|
95 (RA) But that’s little.
96 (a) [3:40] So they take out five hundred and give four hundred to her.
|disc||five||hundred pl f||stop 3pl pres I||four||hundred pl f||dat f 3sg clt||give 3pl pres I||to||acc f 3sg||dat refl clt|
97 (a) [3:44] “Well,” I say, “Haven’t we come upon nice times?” I say.
|nom 1sg||say 1sg pres I||excl||disc||emerge sg n L.part P||nice sg n adj||time sg n||say 1sg pres I|
98 (a) [3:46] "Since it’s like that, I too,” I say, “will eat and drink,
|since conj||thus med adv||and||nom 1sg||say 1sg pres I||now adv||fut||eat 1sg pres I||fut||drink 1sg pres I|
99 (a) [3:49] [and] when I get old,” I say, “I’ll go on welfare too.
|become 1sg pres P||interr clt||old sg f adj||say 1sg pres I||and||nom 1sg||fut||go 1sg pres P||for||social pl adj||care pl f|
100 (a) [3:52] I won’t have a house [but if] I pay four hundred levs for housing, and
|fut neg||comp||have 1sg pres I||house sg f||four.hundred||lev ct m||fut||give 1sg pres I||for||lodging sg f|
101 (RA) Hm.
102 (a) [3:56] … five hundred for them to feed me, then I’ll live …
|five||hundred pl f||comp||acc 1sg clt||feed 3pl pres I||and||fut||live 1sg pres I|
103 (RA) Hm.
104 (a) [3:59] … there!” I’ll make fun of her – I’ll make fun of Lenka!
|there adv||joke sg m||acc f 3sg||grasp 1sg pres I||grasp 1sg pres I||acc f 3sg||to||joke sg m||Lenka sg f name|
105 (a) [4:03] Why did they put her on welfare? Why don’t they cook for her?
|why interr||acc f 3sg clt||3pl pres aux clt||give pl L.part P||to||social pl adj||care pl f||why interr||neg||dat refl clt||dat f 3sg clt||cook 3pl pres I||nom 3pl|
106 (a) [4:07] “She’s better off there,” she says. “They feed [them] and she got better,” she says.
|there adv||dat f 3sg clt||3sg pres cop clt||more||nice adv||say 3sg pres I||feed 3pl pres I||and||acc refl clt||recover sg f L.part P||say 3sg pres I|
107 (RA) Hm.
108 (a) [4:11] “She got better, and she could [just] leave.”
|recover sg f L.part P||acc refl clt||and||now adv||fut||dat refl clt||go 3sg pres I|
109 (b) [4:13] Because they are all misers and they aren’t going to give anything [for her].
|because||nom 3pl||3pl pres cop clt||dat refl clt||all adv||miser pl m||fut neg||nothing sg n||comp||dat f 3sg clt||give 3pl pres P|
110 (a) [4:16] Because they won’t cook for her! Her sons see that their wives –
|because||fut neg||comp||dat f 3sg clt||cook 3pl pres I||son pl m def||see 3pl pres I||that conj||wife pl f def||dat 3pl clt|
111 (a) [4:18] they can’t even look after their husbands,
|nom 3pl||for||acc 3pl||neg||can pres imprs||comp||dat refl clt||keep.house 3pl pres P||for||husband pl m def|
112 (a) [4:21] much less put aside some plates [of food] for the old woman!
|and||fut||separate 3pl pres P||plate pl f||and||for||old sg f def adj||interr|
113 (RA) Hmm.
114 (a) [4:25] And now she says she’s fine.
|and||now adv||dat f 3sg clt||3sg pres cop clt||fine adv||say 3sg pres|
115 (RA) So, she likes it better.
|mean 3sg pres I||more||like 3sg pres I|
116 (a) [4:28] She likes it better.
|more||like 3sg pres I|