1 (VZh) [Did you sow lentils?]
2 (a) [0:01] We sow them, then they bloom, and then they become seeds.
|acc f 3sg clt||sow 1pl pres P||and||then med adv||bloom 3sg pres P||acc refl clt||and||and||become 3sg pres P||seed pl n|
3 (a) [0:05] And when they’re ripe we harvest them. We pound them down with chunks of wood
|and||when inter.rel||ripen 3sg pres P||acc f 3sg clt||pluck 1pl pres I||and||pound 1pl pres I||acc f 3sg clt||with||with||wooden.club pl m|
4 (a) [0:09] we pound them with pitchforks, but on this – indoors on a porch
|with||pitchfork pl f||pound 1pl pres P||acc f 3sg clt||and||but||to||such sg n dist adj||inside adv||to||porch sg m|
5 (a) [0:15] Back then there wasn’t [anything] cement [outdoors], so [we did it] indoors
|neg||3sg pres aux clt||disc||neg||3sg pres aux clt||L.part exist||then dist adv||cement sg n P.part P||and||inside adv|
6 (a) [0:19] there, on boards on the porch. How can you process them [there] in the soil?
|there adv||to||porch sg m def dist||to||board pl f def dist||where interr||fut||acc n 3sg clt||gather 2sg pres I||in||soil sg m def dist|
7 (a) [0:23] Lentils aren’t for eating anyway! [laughter]
|lentils sg f def dist||acc refl clt||neg||eat 3sg pres I|
8 (VZh) [Did you cook up lentils often?]
9 (a) [0:26] We ate more beans that we did lentils. Lentils will keep [your energy up]
|beans sg m def dist||acc refl clt||more||eat 3sg pres I||more||lentils sg f def dist||nom f 3sg||lentils sg f def dist||keep 3sg pres I|
10 (a) [0:31] only long enough to get you under the house! [laughter]
|so.much rel dist||to||under||house sg f def dist||comp||go 2sg pres P|
11 (VZh) [laughter]
12 (a) [0:36] Well how [else]? That’s how it is, isn’t it?
|and||disc||how interr||thus dist adv||neg||3sg pres cop clt|
13 (VZh) [What did you feed the animals?]
14 (a) [0:39] Well, corn, grain – they eat everything! So that’s what we gave them.
|and||and||corn sg m||and||rye sg n||nom 3pl||eat 3pl pres I||everything sg n||and||thus med adv||dat 3pl clt||give 1pl impf I|
15 (a) [0:43] What [else] will you feed them? Animals can’t live if you don’t give them
|what indcl interr||fut||acc 3pl clt||feed 2sg pres I||disc||neg||live 3sg pres I||animal sg m def dist||if conj||dat m 3sg clt||neg||give 2sg pres I|
16 (a) [0:46] [food] of the sort that we eat [too].
|from||rel dist||nom 1pl||eat 1pl pres I|
17 (VZh) [0:49] Which [animal do you refer to when] you say “cattle”?
|to||which sg n interr adj||call 2pl pres I||cattle pl n|
18 (a) [0:51] Ah – to the ones we have – cows. We call those “cattle”.
|disc||to||rel dist||have 1pl pres I||cow pl f||and||and||cattle pl n||call 1pl pres I|
19 (VZh) [How do you call the young?]
20 (a) [0:55] Well, that’s a calf.
|this sg n med adj||again adv||what indcl||3sg pres cop clt||calf sg n def dist|
21 (VZh) [0:58] Umhm.
22 (a) [0:59] When it’s born you’ll look after it, if you [decide] to keep it.
|when inter.rel||acc refl clt||bear 3sg pres P||again adv||fut||acc n 3sg clt||look 2sg pres I||if conj||acc n 3sg clt||look 2sg pres I|
23 (a) [1:00] If you don’t [decide to] keep it, you look after it a month or two
|when inter.rel||acc n 3sg clt||neg||look 2sg pres I||and||one sg m adj||month sg m||acc n 3sg clt||look sg imv I||two m|
24 (a) and then slaughter it. [laughter]
|and||and||slaughter sg imv P||acc n 3sg clt|
25 (VZh) [And how long is a cow’s pregnancy?]
26 (a) [1:07] [inaudible] months
|month ct m|
27 (VZh) [1:08] How many?
28 (a) [1:08] A cow carries [her calf] nine months.
|nine||month ct m||acc n 3sg clt||carry 3sg pres I||cow sg f def dist|
29 (VZh) [1:10] Umhm. And how do you call it when [the cow] gives birth?
|bkch||and||how interr||acc n 3sg clt||say 2sg pres I||when conj||acc refl clt||bear 3sg pres P|
30 (b) [1:12] It has calved.
|calve sg f L.part P||acc refl clt|
31 (a) [1:14] The cow calves, and a calf is born!
|calve 3sg pres I||acc refl clt||cow sg f def dist||and||bear 3sg pres I||calf sg n|
32 (VZh) [1:17] Yes. So then what happens after a year [has passed]? How do you call it?
|yes||later adv||what sg n interr||become 3sg pres I||at||one f sg adj||year f sg||how interr||dat n 3sg clt||say 2pl pres I|
33 (a) [1:19] [After] a year –
|one sg f adj||year sg f||again adv|
34 (b) [1:20] Heifer.
|heifer sg f|
35 (a) [1:21] Well, we – they call it a heifer.
|again adv||dat n 3sg clt||[...]||call 3pl pres I||heifer sg f|
36 (VZh) [1:22] What?
37 (a) [1:23] A heifer.
|heifer sg f|
38 (VZh) [1:23] Yes? After that?
39 (a) [1:25] Then if it’s a male, [you say] an ox has been born. Hah.
|later adv||when inter.rel||3sg pres cop clt||male sg n adj||again adv||ox m sg||acc refl clt||3sg pres aux clt||bear sg m L.part P||excl|
40 (a) [1:29] If it’s a female, a heifer. [We call it] an ox when it gets big –
|when inter.rel||3sg pres cop clt||female sg n adj||heifer sg f||ox m sg||3sg pres cop clt||again adv||when inter.rel||become 3sg pres P||big sg n adj|
41 (a) [1:32] when [cough] it’s two or three years old, when [it’s old enough] to plow.
|when inter.rel||two f||year pl f||then med adv||at||three||comp||plow 3pl pres I|
42 (VZh) [How did you do the plowing?]
43 (a) [1:35] With the oxen we plowed like this – what we did was not like the way
|plow 1pl impf I||with||ox pl m||thus prox adv||rel med||1pl pres cop clt||disc||neg||3sg pres cop clt||with||[...]||such pl dist adj|
44 (a) [1:40] they plow now, with tractors and who knows what, but with a wooden plow.
|like prox||now adv||plow 3pl pres I||with||tractor pl m||and||with||who.knows adv||what indcl interr||disc||with||plow pl n|
45 (a) [1:47] I did the plowing and the digging, and I plowed with the oxen
|and||plow sg f L.part I||1sg pres aux clt||and||and||dig sg f L.part I||1sg pres aux clt||and||and||with||ox pl m def dist||1sg pres aux clt||plow sg f L.part I|
46 (a) [1:52] like a man, because my husband had gone off to earn a living for us,
|like med||man sg m||because||husband sg m def||dat 1sg clt||3sg pres aux clt||go sg m L.part I||comp||dat 1sg clt||earn 3sg pres I|
47 (a) [1:56] and to feed me. I took [him on in marriage] as an orphan. That’s how it is.
|and||comp||acc 1sg clt||feed 3sg pres I||orphan sg m||1sg pres aux clt||take sg f L.part P||and||this sg n med adj||3sg pres cop clt|
48 (VZh) [And did you bake bread?]
49 (a) [2:00] Every evening, I baked bread for the municipality, a large kneading trough [full].
|evening sg m||by||one sg f||trough sg f||big sg f adj||to||municipality sg f def prox||1sg pres aux clt||bake sg f L.part I||bread sg m|
50 (a) [2:04] We didn’t have an outdoor oven or anything. There was one oven here near me,
|not.have 1pl impf I||neither||large.oven sg f||neither||nothing indcl||here adv||impf exist||by||acc 1sg||one sg f adj||oven sg f|
51 (a) [2:08] [the only one] in the the whole village [unintelligible] Just [the] one oven and
|in||here adv||entire sg n def med adj||village sg n||one sg m adj||stove sg m||impf exist||and|
52 (a) [2:12] so we had to bake five times a day. We would bake from one kneading trough,
|and||by||five||time pl m||for||day sg m def||bake 1pl impf I||one sg f def dist adj||one sg f def dist adj||trough sg f||bake 1pl pres P|
53 (a) [2:16] with dough rising in another, and then take it to them at the municipality.
|and||other sg f adj||ferment f 3sg P||and||to||municipality sg f def dist||comp||acc 3pl clt||carry 3pl pres I|
54 (a) [2:18] I did [all] the baking of bread for them. There wasn’t a large oven like there is now.
|nom 1sg||dat 3pl clt||1sg pres aux clt||1sg pres aux clt||bread sg m def dist||impf neg exist||large.oven sg f||rel||3sg pres cop clt||like prox||now adv|
55 (a) [2:21] Don’t judge by how many houses there are now – we weren’t so many then.
|nom 2sg||neg hort||look sg imv I||now adv||many adv||house pl f||nom 1pl||1pl impf cop||neg||so.many prox adv|
56 (a) [2:25] The municipal hall was here, here where people pass by, where there’s a –
|and||municipality sg f def med||3sg impf cop||here adv||rel prox||here adv||pass 3pl pres I||one sg f adj||rel prox||pres exist|
57 (a) [2:29] this little store now, that’s where it was. There wasn’t anything there [then]
|here adv||like med||store sg n||and||there adv||3sg impf cop||disc||below adv||aor neg exist|
58 (a) [2:34] there were very few houses of us, but now they've multiplied [many times over].
|nom 1pl||1pl impf cop||little adv||house pl f||but||now adv||3pl pres aux clt||acc refl clt||multiply pl L.part P|
59 (VZh) [So only one oven wasn’t enough?]
60 (a) [2:37] I would come back bringing starter, and mix up another batch because I couldn’t do
|return 1sg pres I||acc refl clt||carry 1sg pres I||hes||and||starter sg m||and||again adv||other sg m adj||knead 1sg pres P||because||neg||1sg pres cop clt|
61 (a) [2:41] just one or two. We did five bakings per day [for them] down there,
|for||one sg m adj||stove sg m||and||two m||by||five||stove pl m||1pl pres aux clt||bake pl L.part I||down adv|
62 (a) [2:45] for them at the municipality to bring bread to [all of] us.
|to||where rel dist||municipality sg f def dist||comp||dat 1pl clt||carry 3pl pres I||there adv||bread sg m def|
63 (a) [2:47] Our oven is not from another place, so don’t jump to conclusions
|neg||dat 1pl clt||3sg pres cop clt||from||elsewhere adv||outdoor.oven sg f def dist||now adv||neg hort||look sg imv I|
64 (a) [2:49] when you see many ovens here. We had just that one,
|when inter.rel||pres exist||outdoor.oven pl f||here adv||one sg f adj||outdoor.oven sg f||have 1pl impf I|
65 (a) [2:52] and it would take up to thirty loaves. [It was] a small oven.
|and||this sg n med adj||take 3sg impf I||to||thirty||bread ct m||outdoor.oven sg f def dist||small sg f adj|
66 (VZh) [Your] oven was small.
|small sg f adj||3sg impf cop||outdoor.oven sg f def dist|
67 (a) [3:01] Yes. Only as big as it had been built earlier on. When I first came upon it
|disc||as.much rel dist||3sg pres aux clt||build sg f P.part P||be sg f L.part||before adv||from||what rel dist||1sg pres aux clt||find sg f L.part P|
68 (a) [3:05] [it had already] been built. They weren’t going to build anything new [for so few people].
|build sg n P.part P||disc||impf neg exist||there adv||comp||build 3pl pres I||neg||whatever sg n||nothing indcl|
69 (a) [3:08] The area is much [more] settled now.
|disc||now adv||acc refl clt||3sg pres aux clt||setlle sg n L.part P||many adv||but|