1 (MN) Where are you from?
|from.where adv||2sg pres cop clt|
2 (a) [0:01] From Dryanovets – the village of Dryanovets.
|from||Dryanovets sg m place||village sg n||Dryanovets sg m place|
3 (MN) How old are you?
|on||how.many interr||2sg pres cop clt||year f pl|
4 (a) [0:06] I’m ninety-two now.
|now adv||1sg pres cop clt||on||ninety||and||two f|
5 (MN) Oh, bravo!
6 (b) [0:10] Long life –
|comp||2sg pres cop clt||alive sg f adj|
7 (MN) Long life and health. How did you spend your childhood?
|comp||2sg pres cop clt||alive sg f adj||and||healthy sg f adj||how interr||2sg pres aux clt||experience sg f L.part P||childhood sg n def|
8 (a) [0:15] My childhood was not very happy. But at least I had my health,
|my sg n adj||childhood sg n||neg||3sg impf cop||very adv||joyful sg n adj||but||interr||when conj||1sg pres cop clt||healthy sg f adj|
9 (a) [0:21] I had a father. If I had no mother [at least] I had a father.
|when conj||have 1sg pres I||father sg m||if conj||not.have 1sg pres I||mother sg f||fut||have 1sg pres I||father sg m|
10 (a) [0:25] And when I didn’t have a father I had brothers. They were always protecting me.
|if conj||not.have 1sg pres I||father sg m||fut||have 1sg pres I||brother pl m||all adv||3pl pres aux clt||acc 1sg clt||defend pl L.part I|
11 (a) [0:29] Basically I was a [single] sister to four brothers.
|in.principle adv||nom 1sg||1sg impf cop||on||four||brother pl m||one sg f adj||sister sg f|
12 (a) [0:33] My mother really fought [to have] a girl. And I was the fifth child.
|much adv||acc refl clt||fight sg f L.part I||mother sg f||for||girl sg n||even adv||fifth sg f def adj||1sg pres cop clt||nom 1sg||already adv|
13 (a) [0:39] And she had high regard for me. But it so happened that my mother died
|and||respect 3sg pres I||acc 1sg clt||however adv||thus adv||acc refl clt||happen 3sg aor P||that conj||my sg f def adj||mother sg f||die 3sg aor P|
14 (a) [0:44] on the very day of St. George’s Day. She’d been pregnant, but I didn’t know that.
|exactly adv||on||St.George's.day sg m||3sg impf aux||be sg f L.part||pregnant sg f adj||nom 1sg||neg||acc n 3sg clt||know 1sg impf I||this sg n adj||thing sg n|
15 (a) [0:51] And she said to me, “Donka, take your small brother and go to the swing.”
|and||nom f 3sg||dat 1sg clt||say 3sg pres I||Donka voc sg f name||take sg imv P||brother sg n def||dat refl clt||go sg imv P||to||swing sg f def|
16 (a) [0:57] But I saw that she was bent over, leaning now on the bedquilts,
|and||see 1sg pres I||acc f 3sg clt||nom f 3sg||acc refl clt||bend 3sg aor P||and||on||quilt pl m def||acc refl clt||support 3sg pres I|
17 (a) [1:01] now on the cupboard, now on the bed, and such. But I had not understood
|on||cupboard sg m def||thus adv||on||bedstead sg m def||and||thus adv||but||neg||1sg pres aux clt||understand sg f L.part I|
18 (a) [1:07] that she was pregnant, and that’s why they sent me off to play
|that conj||3sg pres cop clt||pregnant sg f adj||and||because.of||this sg n adj||acc 1sg clt||3sg pres aux clt||send sg f L.part I||comp||play 1sg pres I|
19 (a) [1:10] like that. So I took the child and went to the swing.
|thus adv||disc||and||nom 1sg||take 1sg aor P||child sg n def||go 1sg aor P||to||at||swing sg f def|
20 (a) [1:14] the people whose swing it was – Auntie Boyka was her name –
|and||hear 1sg pres I||swing sg f def||rel||at||acc 3pl||people pl||aunt sg f||Boyka sg f name||acc refl clt||say 3sg aor I|
21 (a) [1:20] called out, “Auntie Ivanka! Auntie Stoyka has a girl!” And when she said
|call 3sg aor P||aunt sg f||Ivanka voc sg f name||aunt sg f||Stoyka sg f name||have 3sg pres I||girl sg f||when conj||say 3sg aor P|
22 (a) [1:25] “Auntie Stoyka has a girl”, I took the child, I grabbed it by the hand –
|aunt sg f||Stoyka sg f name||have 3sg pres I||girl sg f||nom 1sg||take 1sg aor P||child sg n def||catch 1sg aor P||acc n 3sg clt||at||hand sg f def|
23 (a) [1:30] it was four years younger than me (I was eight years old) -
|nom sg n||3sg impf cop||four||year pl f||little adv||from||acc 1sg||nom 1sg||1sg impf cop||on||eight||year pl f|
24 (a) [1:34] аnd I went home. I saw Dad crying. I’d heard there was a girl,
|and||go 1sg aor P||dat refl clt||to||house sg m def||see 1sg pres I||Dad acc sg m||cry 3sg pres I||hear 1sg pres I||girl pl n|
25 (a) [1:39] but I didn’t see a baby. And I grabbed Dad by the knee.
|but||neg||see 1sg pres I||baby sg n||and||catch 1sg aor P||Dad acc sg m||thus adv||by||knee sg n def|
26 (a) [1:44] He was crying and I was with him. I said, “Dad, but
|and||nom m 3sg||cry 3sg pres I||and||nom 1sg||hes||by||acc m 3sg||say 1sg pres I||dad voc sg m||but|
27 (a) [1:47] where is the ba- ba- the baby? Where is the baby?”
|where interr||pres exist||
||baby sg n def||adrs||where interr||3sg pres cop clt||baby sg n def|
28 (a) [1:49] And he said “It’s over there.” And at that moment my mother –
|and||nom m 3sg||call 3sg pres I||ost||there adv||and||in||this sg m adj||moment sg m||my sg f def adj||mother sg f|
29 (a) [1:54] she’d been taking medicines it seemed, and she started to kick,
|nom f 3sg||acc refl clt||3sg pres aux clt||treat sg f L.part I||appear pres imprs||begin 3sg aor P||thus adv||comp||kick 3sg pres I|
30 (a) [1:58] to thrash about, foam at the mouth, and I burst into tears and went out.
|comp||do.thus 3sg pres I||foam sg f||at||mouth sg f def||and||and||nom 1sg||cry 1sg aor P||and||go.out 1sg aor P|
31 (a) [2:03] They called for a doctor and a doctor came from town –
|call 3sg aor P||acc refl clt||to||doctor sg m||from||city sg m def||come 3sg pres I||doctor sg m|
32 (a) [2:07] I don’t know with what conveyance – and the doctor said,
|but||with||what sg n interr||3sg pres aux clt||come sg m L.part P||neg||know 1sg pres I||and||doctor sg m def||say 3sg aor P|
33 (a) [2:11] “Get her to town immediately!” So [we took] two carriages, one from оne uncle
|immediately adv||drive pl imv I||to||city sg m def||and||with||two f||carriage pl f||one sg f def adj||of||uncle pl m|
34 (a) [2:15] and one from another. We harnessed the oxen and started off with her.
|one sg f def adj||of||uncle acc pl m||and||nom 1pl||harness 1pl pres I||ox pl m||then adv||and||drive 3sg aor P||acc f 3sg clt|
35 (a) [2:22] And along the way she said to Dad, “Georgi, I want water.”
|and||nom f 3sg||on||road pl m||say sg f L.part P||to||Dad acc||Georgi voc sg m name||want 1sg pres I||water sg f|
36 (a) [2:28] He said that we hadn’t brought any, and mother gave up the ghost right there.
|nom m 3sg||say sg m L.part P||that conj||nom 1pl||neg||take 1pl aor P||and||mother sg f||there adv||expire 3sg pres I|
37 (a) [2:32] He brought her back the same day. And that was on St. George’s Day.
|and||return 3sg aor P||acc f 3sg clt||back adv||and||on||very sg m def||day sg m||on||St.George's.Day sg m||3sg impf cop||this sg n adj|
38 (a) [2:37] People were celebrating, [roasting] lambs, this and and that, but for us bad [times]
|people pl def||acc refl clt||rejoice 3pl pres I||at||lamb pl n||at||this sg n adj||that sg n adj||but||to||acc 1pl||badly adv|
39 (a) [2:45] had come. And all the brothers came together when we buried mother.
|come 3sg aor P||and||gather 1pl aor P||acc refl clt||brother pl m def||all pl def adj||when conj||bury 1pl aor P||mother sg f||gather 1pl aor P||acc refl clt|
40 (a) [2:53] The oldest was apprenticed to work as a mason, to build houses.
|most||old sg m def adj||go 3sg pres I||with||master pl m def||comp||work 3sg pres I||comp||make 3sg pres I||house pl f||mason sg m||3sg impf cop|
41 (a) [3:00] We came back, what else could we do; and we wondered – how will we manage?
|and||return 1pl pres P||acc refl clt||pres neg exist||how interr||comp||do 1pl pres P||wonder 1pl pres I||acc refl clt||from.where interr||comp||acc f 3sg clt||connect 1pl pres P|
42 (a) [3:06] There’s nobody to make bread, nobody to do the washing, nobody to do housework.
|pres neg exist||which sg m interr||comp||knead 3sg pres I||pres neg exist||which sg m interr||comp||wash 3sg pres I||pres neg exist||which sg m interr||comp||do.housework 3sg pres I|
43 (a) [3:14] Dad puzzled about it, and then said to my brother, to the oldest one –
|wonder 3sg aor P||acc refl clt||dad sg m||wonder 3sg aor P||acc refl clt||say 3sg aor P||to||big.brother acc sg m||to||most||old sg m def adj|
44 (a) [3:19] he was seventeen or eighteen – Dad said to him
|nom m 3sg||3sg impf cop||seventeen||eighteen||year.old sg m adj||dad sg m||dat m 3sg clt||say 3sg aor P|
45 (a) [3:24] “Let’s marry you off! Let’s get [ourselves] a girl.
|give sg imv P||comp||acc 2sg clt||marry 1pl pres P||acc 2sg||comp||take 1pl pres P||one sg n adj||girl sg n|
46 (a) [3:29] She only [needs] to do the washing for these kids and to cook for them in the house.
|only adv||comp||wash 3sg pres I||this pl adj||child pl n||and||comp||dat 3pl clt||cook 3sg pres I||only adv||at.home adv|
47 (a) [3:34] Weaving, spinning, all the other [stuff] – we’ll hire [other] people to do that.”
|but||weaving sg m||spinning sg f||other sg n def adj||fut||give 1pl pres I||to||people pl def||against||money pl.t|
48 (a) [3:42] My brother turned to him and said, “Dad – I’m going to give you
|big.brother sg m||acc refl clt||turn 3sg aor P||and||dat m 3sg clt||say 3sg aor P||dad voc sg m||nom 1sg||fut||dat 2sg clt||give 1sg pres P|
49 (a) [3:46] different advice. You’re thirty-six years old.”
|other sg m def adj||mind sg m||again adv||nom 2sg||2sg pres cop clt||thirty||and||six||year.old sg m adj|
50 (MN) Hmm.
51 (a) [3:51] “You can’t make it through [the rest] of your life without a woman.
|nom 2sg||without||woman sg f||neg||can 2sg pres I||comp||get.through 2sg pres P||this sg m adj||life sg m|
52 (a) [3:55] You’re the one that needs to marry, because if I get married [first]
|and||must pres imprs||nom 2sg||comp||acc refl clt||marry 2sg pres P||because||nom 1sg||if conj||acc refl clt||marry 1sg pres P|
53 (a) [3:59] you won’t be able to handle it. Your wife will encounter mine [already here]:
|nom 2sg||neg||can 2sg pres I||comp||acc n 3sg clt||get.through 3sg pres P||your sg f def adj||woman sg f||fut||encounter 3sg pres P||my sg f def adj|
54 (a) [4:04] Mine will consider herself the mother-in-law and yours will be the daughter-in-law,
|my sg f def adj||acc refl clt||reckon 3sg pres I||mother.in.law sg f||already adv||and||your sg f def adj||woman sg f||fut||be 3sg pres P||daughter.in.law sg f|
55 (a) [4:08] and this will give rise to quarrels between us. Much better you get married
|and||fut||become 3sg pres I||quarrel sg f||among||acc 1pl||more||good adv||nom 2sg||acc pres refl||marry sg imv P|
56 (a) [4:13] first, and I after that. Somehow we’ll find one [for you].”
|more||before adv||nom 1sg||more||later adv||all adv||fut||find 1pl pres P||one sg f adj||some.sort sg f adj|
57 (a) [4:17] So Dad went off, looked about, found a woman from the Dobroshkata neighborhood,
|and||go 3sg aor I||Dad sg m||make 3sg aor P||do 3sg aor P||find 3sg aor P||one sg f adj||woman sg f||from||Dobroshka sg f def adj||district sg f|
58 (a) [4:23] and brought [her here]. There’s five of us kids, and the tiny one that mother had left –
|bring 3sg aor P||but||nom 1pl||1pl pres cop clt||five||and||one sg n adj||rel||hes||mother sg f||acc n 3sg clt||leave 3sg aor P|
59 (a) [4:29] it had never suckled from its mother. One of our relatives had taken it
|nom n 3sg||not.at.all adv||neg||suckle 3sg aor P||from||mother sg f||take 3sg aor P||acc n 3sg clt||one sg f adj||our sg f def adj||relative sg f|
60 (a) [4:34] the same day when they took her to drive her to the hospital,
|acc m 3sg||day sg m||when conj||take 3pl pres I||comp||acc f 3sg clt||when conj||acc f 3sg clt||drive 3pl impf I||to||hospital sg f def|
61 (a) [4:38] they gave the little one sheep’s milk, and the child – she was there to look –
|give 3pl aor P||small sg n adj||sheep sg n adj||milk sg n||and||child sg n def||nom f 3sg||there adv||acc n 3sg clt||comp||acc n 3sg clt|
62 (a) [4:42] to look after it at their place until Dad came back.
|[...]||comp||acc n 3sg clt||look 3sg pres I||at||acc 3pl||until conj||acc refl clt||return 3sg pres P||dad sg m|
63 (a) [4:46] So then there was this tiny child and the five of us other bigger ones,
|and||later adv||and||this sg n adj||child sg n||tiny sg n adj||and||nom 1pl||five||other pl adj||more||big pl adj|
64 (a) [4:52] nowhere to go. So Dad found a woman, she came with two [kids],
|pres neg exist||to.where interr||find 3sg aor P||dad sg m||one sg f adj||woman sg f||come 3sg aor P||nom f 3sg||come 3sg aor P||with||two n|
65 (a) [4:57] plus the five of us –
66 (MN) There got to be seven of you.
|become 2pl aor P||seven|
67 (a) [5:00] – seven.
68 (MN) [laughter]
69 (a) [5:01] And one more small one, eight. But we older ones got on better,
|and||one sg n adj||tiny sg n adj||eight||however adv||nom 1pl||big pl def adj||again adv||more||acc refl clt||understand 1pl impf I|
70 (a) [5:07] but not so the younger ones. It turned out that her girl was very ill-tempered.
|but||more||young pl def adj||not||happen 3sg aor P||acc refl clt||her sg n def adj||girl sg n||very adv||sour sg n adj|
71 (a) [5:12] And one of ours, the fourth [oldest] brother – [I mean] the third [oldest] –
|our sg m def adj||one sg m def adj||fourth sg m def adj||dat 1pl clt||brother sg m||and||third sg m def adj||nom m 3sg|
72 (a) [5:17] he was similarly ill-tempered. And the two of them fought a lot.
|and||nom m 3sg||such sg m adj||sour sg m adj||nom 3pl||acc refl clt||beat 3pl impf I||much adv|
73 (MN) [laughter]
74 (a) [5:20] We had a hard life – a hard life. But she, however, ended up a hero:
|and||difficult adv||life sg m||make 1pl aor P||difficult adv||life sg m||however adv||nom f 3sg||again adv||turn.out 3sg aor P||hero sg m|
75 (a) [5:27] she was a very good mother. And even now, when I cry, when I say “Mom!”
|very adv||good sg f adj||mother sg f||3sg impf cop||and||now adv||when conj||cry 1sg pres I||when conj||say 1sg pres P||mother voc sg f|
76 (a) [5:33] she’s the one I call out to. Now when I’m in bed, when I lie down to sleep
|as.if adv||all adv||to||acc f 3sg||call 1sg pres I||now adv||when conj||1sg pres aux clt||lie.down sg f L.part P||nom 1sg||dat refl clt||lie.down 1sg pres I|
77 (a) [5:37] she’s the one I dream of. I don’t see my own mother anywhere [any more].
|dream 1sg pres I||all adv||acc f 3sg||my sg f def adj||mother sg f||neg||acc f 3sg clt||see 1sg pres I||nowhere adv|