1 (a) [0:00] How did we live? There was poverty, there was hunger. It was wartime.
|how interr||1pl pres aux clt||live pl L.part I||poverty sg f||3sg impf cop||destitution sg f||3sg impf cop||during||war sg n def|
2 (a) [0:06] My father was an old man; my mother was younger. She –
|father sg m||dat 1sg clt||3sg impf cop||elderly sg m adj||mother f sg||dat 1sg clt||3sg impf cop||more||young f sg adj||nom f 3sg|
3 (a) [0:11] came young to him [as a bride]. They bore six children. Two brothers.
|come sg f L.part P||more||young f sg adj||for||acc m 3sg||bear 3pl aor I||children pl.t||six||two m an.num||brother pl m|
4 (a) [0:22] We lived well. Poor and ill-clothed [though we were], we were fine.
|live 1pl impf I||dat refl clt||well adv||poverty sg f||but||destitution sg f||but||1pl impf cop||well adv|
5 (a) [0:28] My mother was a seer. People came from [other] villages for her to heal them.
|mother f sg||dat 1sg clt||3sg impf cop||healer sg f||from||village pl n def||come 3pl impf I||people pl||and||acc 3pl clt||heal 3pl impf I|
6 (a) [0:36] Evening came – one evening we got back from the fields and sat down [to eat]
|come 3sg impf P||evening sg f||one f sg adj||evening sg f||dat refl clt||come 1pl aor P||from||field sg m def||sit 1pl aor P|
7 (a) [0:42] and there came an old man, leading two children, two boys –
||come 3sg aor P||one sg m adj||old.man sg m||and||bring 3sg aor P||two n||child pl n||two n||boy pl n|
8 (a) [0:47] one older and one younger. And they sat down.
|one sg n adj||more||big sg n adj||and||one sg n adj||more||small sg n adj||and||sit 3pl aor P|
9 (a) [0:51] My mother had just come from the field, and dusk was falling,
|and||mother f sg||dat 1sg clt||3sg impf aux||dat refl clt||come sg f L.part P||from||field sg m def||and||disc||acc refl clt||grow.dark pres I imprs|
10 (a) [0:54] and she said to the old man, “Grandpa, what did you bring these kids for?”
|and||nom f 3sg||call 3sg pres I||to||old.man sg m def||grandfather sg m||why interr||2sg pres aux clt||bring sg m L.part P||this pl adj||kids pl.t|
11 (a) [0:59] And he said, “Well, I brought them. Have a look.” And she looked at the mark.
|nom m 3sg||call 3sg pres I||disc||bring sg m L.part P||1sg pres aux clt||acc 3pl clt||give sg imv P||nom f 3sg||look 3sg impf I||at||scar sg m|
12 (a) [1:05] She snipped off a thread from [the child’s] clothing [at a point] where he slept [on it]
|tear 3sg impf P||one sg n adj||thread sg n||clothing sg f||rel||sleep 3sg pres I|
13 (a) [1:09] and dropped it into a glass of water and looked at it in the “old manner”.
|and||put 3sg pres P||in||one sg f adj||glass sg f||water sg f||and||look 3sg pres I||by||this sg f adj||old sg n adj||such sg n adj|
14 (a) [1:13] “Well, Grandpa, give over,” she said, “so I can look at you [too]. And he gave –
|adrs||grandfather sg m||give sg imv P||give sg imv P||say 3sg aor P||comp||dat 2sg clt||look 1sg pres P||nom m 3sg||give 3sg aor P|
15 (a) [1:18] he gave over a thread from his [clothing] and she dunked it twice,
|give 3sg aor P||one sg n adj||thread sg n||from||acc f 3sg||and||nom f 3sg||acc n 3sg clt||drop 3sg aor P||two m||time pl m|
16 (a) [1:21] three times in the glass, and said, “In your early years you were a herdsman,
|three||time pl m||in||glass sg f def||and||call 3sg pres I||during||young pl adj||year f pl||2sg pres aux clt||be sg m L.part||herdsman sg m|
17 (a) [1:28] a shepherd. You pastured sheep along with two others.” He said,
|shepherd sg m||2sg pres aux clt||pasture sg m L.part I||sheep pl f||with||still||two m an.num||nom m 3sg||call 3sg pres I|
18 (a) [1:32] “That’s right, I was a shepherd. I pastured [them].” “Well, when you pastured these sheep
|shepherd sg m||1sg impf cop||right adv||3sg pres cop clt||pasture 1sg aor I||disc||when conj||pasture 2sg aor I||this pl adj||sheep pl f|
19 (a) [1:39] with these guys, these two, what did you scheme to do when you stole
|with||this sg m adj||with||this pl adj||two m def an.num||what sg n interr||acc refl clt||conspire 2pl aor I||when conj||grasp 2pl aor P|
20 (a) [1:44] two rams and took them off on your own and shut them up
|two m||ram ct m||and||acc 3pl clt||[…]||take 2pl aor P||toward||acc 2pl||and||acc 3pl clt||confine 2pl aor P|
21 (a) [1:48] way down in the cellar, and they were bleating. And what did you say?
|in||one sg f adj||cellar sg f||deep sg f adj||and||nom 3pl||bleat 3pl pres I||and||nom 2sg||how interr||say 2sg aor P|
22 (a) [1:53] ‘Let’s cut their tongues out’ [you said] ‘so they won’t bleat, because [otherwise]
|give pl imv P||comp||dat 3pl clt||cut.off 1pl pres P||tongue pl m def||comp||neg||bleat 3pl pres I||because|
23 (a) [1:56] the neighbors will hear us’ “ “That’s right,” [he said]. “That’s right, we did that.”
|fut||acc 1pl clt||hear 3pl pres I||neighbor pl m def||right adv||right adv||3sg pres cop clt||do 1pl aor P||acc n 3sg clt||this sg n adj|
24 (a) [2:04] And then these kids jumped up and started to punch him
|excl||when conj||jump 3pl aor P||that pl adj||child pl n||when conj||hook 3pl aor P||comp||acc m 3sg clt||whip 3pl pres I|
25 (a) [2:08] and she said, “Grandpa, nature will punish you! It won’t
|and||nom f 3sg||dat m 3sg clt||call 3sg pres I||grandfather sg m||fut||acc 2sg clt||punish 3sg pres P||nature sg f def||fut neg|
26 (a) [2:14] punish you [yourself] but another. Either your grandchildren or great-grandchildren
|punish 3sg pres P||acc 2sg||but||fut||punish 3sg pres P||someone sg m||or||grandchild pl m||or||great.grandchild pl m|
27 (a) [2:17] will stare at a live – a live frog.” And when they jumped up –
|comp||look 3pl pres I||live sg f adj||comp||[...]||live sg f adj||frog sg f||and||nom 3pl||when conj||jump 3pl aor P|
28 (a) [2:21] when they jumped up to punch him on the head and arms –
|when conj||hook 3pl aor P||comp||acc m 3sg clt||whip 3pl pres I||on||head sg f||on||arm pl f|
29 (a) [2:23] both of them mute, they couldn’t talk – he grabbed his head
|and||two n def||mute pl adj||neg||can pres imprs||talk 3pl pres I||nom m 3sg||acc refl clt||grasp 3sg aor P||by||head sg f def|
30 (a) [2:28] and said, “That’s right.” “Grandpa, I can’t help you. I can’t give you anything from God.”
|and||call 3sg pres I||right adv||grandfather sg m||help sg f||neg||can 1sg pres I||dat 2sg clt||give 1sg pres P||nothing sg n||from||God sg m def|
31 (a) [2:35] They looked and looked at one another, and neither could the one speak
|nom 3pl||3pl pres aux clt||look pl L.part I||look pl L.part I||3pl pres aux clt||and||neither||this sg n adj||can 3sg pres I||speak.out 3sg pres P|
32 (a) [2:38] nor the other. So he took them away, and that was the end.
|neither||that sg n adj||and||nom m 3sg||dat refl clt||acc 3pl clt||take 3sg aor P||this sg n adj||3sg impf cop|
33 (VZh) [How did you work did in the old days?]
34 (a) [2:43] How did we work? We grew up ill-clothed. We went off to work in the fields
|how interr||1pl pres aux clt||work pl L.part I||grow 1pl impf I||by||poor adv||depart 1pl aor P||comp||work 1pl pres I||around||field sg m def|
35 (a) [2:50] But we had two oxen, and – and two cows, and four water buffalo.
|but||keep 1pl pres I||two m||ox ct m||and||and||two f||cow pl f||and||four||water.buffalo pl m|
36 (a) [2:56] And three or four horses. One of the horses we had [was] a big [cough] stallion
|and||three||four||horse ct m||have 1pl pres I||one sg m adj||horse sg m||stallion sg m||big sg m adj|
37 (a) [3:04] and I had a lot to do with him. I spent time with the horses,
|and||nom 1sg||much adv||acc refl clt||deal.with 1sg impf I||with||acc m 3sg||run.about 1sg impf I||acc refl clt||on||horse pl m def|
38 (a) [3:08] I pastured them. We looked after them [cough]. [It was] to our meadow, where
|pasture 1sg impf I||acc 3pl clt||look 1pl impf I||acc 3pl clt||at||meadow sg f def||dat 1pl clt||ost||there adv||where conj|
39 (a) [3:16] they danced the round-dance, [that] I took him to water him. I took him
|dance 3pl impf I||round.dance sg n||nom 1sg||fut||acc m 3sg clt||lead 1sg pres P||to||water sg f||acc m 3sg clt||lead 1sg pres P|
40 (a) [3:21] to water him [cough], but he jumped straight up in the air – he was frightened by the music.
|to||water sg f||and||and||nom m 3sg||jump 3sg pres P||straight adv||upwards adv||acc refl clt||fear 3sg pres I||from||music sg f def|
41 (a) [3:26] I had tied my hand to the chain I was leading him by
|nom 1sg||1sg pres aux clt||dat refl clt||tie sg f L.part P||chain sg m def||1sg pres aux clt||acc m 3sg clt||wind sg f L.part P||by||hand sg f def||dat refl clt|
42 (a) [3:30] so the horse wouldn’t get loose. And these folk called out to me from the side
|comp||neg||release 3sg pres I||horse sg m def||and||nom 3pl||dat 1sg clt||call 3pl pres I||people pl def||from||side sg f def|
43 (a) [3:34] “Hey Maria, let go of that horse! Hey! Let go of the horse!”
|adrs||Maria voc sg f name||adrs||release sg imv P||this sg m adj||horse sg m||adrs||release sg imv P||this sg m adj||horse sg m|
44 (a) [3:38] I said, “How can I let him go? He’s fastened tight to my hand!”
|nom 1sg||call 1sg pres I||how interr||fut||acc m 3sg clt||release 1sg pres I||nom m 3sg||dat 1sg clt||3sg pres aux clt||fasten sg m L.part P||hand sg f def|
45 (a) [3:41] A man came up and carefully caught him, and undid my hand
|approach 3sg aor P||one sg m adj||person sg m||there adv||easy adv||easy adv||acc m 3sg clt||catch 3sg aor P||unfasten 3sg aor P||dat 1sg clt||hand sg f def|
46 (a) [3:44] and let the horse go. It ran off, it got away. My father came out, [cough]
|release 3sg aor P||horse sg m def||nom m 3sg||escape 3sg aor P||go 3sg aor P||dat refl clt||father sg m||dat 1sg clt||emerge 3sg aor P|
47 (a) [3:51] and he (this man) told him what I had done. He said, “Well damn it all!
|nom m 3sg||dat m 3sg clt||tell 3sg aor I||what sg n interr||1sg pres aux clt||do sg f L.part P||nom m 3sg||call 3sg pres I||adrs||mom sg f||dat m 3sg clt|
48 (a) [3:55] Let the horse go if it jumps! Let it go! It’ll batter you –
|adrs||release sg imv P||acc m 3sg clt||when conj||jump 3sg pres I||horse sg m def||release sg imv I||acc m 3sg clt||fut||acc 2sg clt||beat 3sg pres P|
49 (a) [3:58] it’ll drag you along and batter you up.” “Ah, let it batter me, what of it!”
|fut||acc 2sg clt||drag 3sg pres P||comp||acc 2sg clt||beat 3sg pres P||comp||acc 1sg clt||beat 3sg pres P||what sg n interr||want 3sg pres I|
50 (a) [4:02] So we went off to the fields to work [cough], we come home in the evening,
|hort||embark 1pl aor P||around||field sg m def||work 1pl pres I||come 1pl pres P||dat refl clt||evening sg f|
51 (a) [4:08] mother had made me something to eat. Well, we were kids! Free and light.
|mother f sg||dat 1sg clt||cook sg f L.part P||food sg n||interr||adrs||nom 1pl||[...]||like||child pl n||free adv|
52 (a) [4:13] We wanted to play. “We’re going out to play!”
|want 1pl pres I||comp||play 1pl pres I||fut||go.out 1pl pres P||and||comp||play 1pl pres P|
53 (a) [4:16] She said to us, “Come in and rest, tomorrow you’ll go out again [to work].”
|nom f 3sg||dat 1pl clt||call 3sg pres I||come pl imv P||dat refl clt||rest pl imv I||tomorrow adv||again adv||fut||go 2pl pres P|
54 (a) [4:21] We did reaping, we hoed the corn, we picked beans. Everything there was,
|reap 1pl pres I||dig 1pl pres I||corn pl m||gather 1pl pres I||beans sg m||all sg n||what sg n rel||pres exist|
55 (a) [4:29] we brought it home.
|bring 1pl pres I||for||at.home adv|