1 (VZh) And when was the [time of the traditional] village celebration of Replyana –
|and||when interr||3sg impf cop||fair sg m def||of||Replyana sg f place|
2 (a) [0:02] St. George's Day …
|St.George’s.Day sg m|
3 (VZh) [Ah,] it was St. George's Day.
|St.George’s.Day sg m||3sg impf cop|
4 (a) [0:03] … the Replyana village celebration was on St. George's Day, yes.
|fair sg m def||of||Replyana sg f place||3sg pres cop clt||on||St.George’s.Day sg m||disc|
5 (VZh) Uh huh.
6 (a) [0:07] And we slaughter lambs, [but first] we take a lamb to the church,
|and||dat refl clt||slaughter 1pl pres I||lamb pl m||and||carry 1pl pres I||to||church acc sg f||lamb sg n|
7 (a) [0:11] a male lamb that has horns [already]. We took it. There was a church here,
|male sg n adj||lamb sg n||which sg n rel||have 3sg pres I||horn pl m||carry 1pl pres P||acc n 3sg||church sg f||here adv||3sg impf cop|
8 (a) [0:14] [but] they tore it down. So that's how it used to be with the lambs
|nom 3pl||acc f 3sg clt||demolish 3pl aor P||there adv||ost||such sg n adj||dat refl clt||exist impf||for||lamb pl m|
9 (a) [0:19] Each person held a lamb and the priest prayed, and on each lamb's horns
|each sg m adj||dat refl clt||hold 3sg pres I||lamb sg n def||and||priest sg m||read 3sg pres I||and||on||lamb sg n def||on||horn sg m def|
10 (a) [0:23] there was a lighted candle. A candle was burning.
|candle sg f||light sg n P.part P||all.time adv||candle sg f||burn 3sg pres I|
11 (VZh) A candle.
|candle sg f|
12 (a) [0:27] Yes, burning. Then we took the lambs home and slaughtered them for the evening.
|disc||burn 3sg pres I||and||thus adv||carry 1pl pres P||lamb pl m def||home adv||and||then adv||slaughter 1pl pres P||for||evening sg f def|
13 (a) [0:34] For the evening of St. George's Day, the sixth [of May]. That's the exact day, the sixth.
|for||evening sg f def||to||St.George’s.Day sg m||just adv||on||sixth m adj||sixth m adj||just adv||dat refl clt||3sg pres cop clt||day sg m def|
14 (VZh) Uh huh.
15 (a) [0:41] On the sixth in the evening we roast the lamb and eat it, and then on the seventh
|to||to||sixth m adj||evening sg f def||bake 1pl pres P||lamb sg n||eat 1pl pres I||and||hort||on||seventh sg m adj|
16 (a) [0:46] is the celebration. People come over, we slaughter another lamb, lots more lambs.
|after adv||fair sg m||come 3pl pres P||dat 1pl clt||other pl adj||other sg n adj||lamb sg n||other pl adj||slaughter 1pl pres I||lamb pl m||then adv||more adv|
17 (a) [0:50] And [people] from all the villages come to our celebration: from Dolni Lom,
|disc||rel||pres exist||village pl n||all pl adj||come 3pl pres P||dat 1pl clt||to||fair sg m||Dolni Lom sg m place||from|
18 (a) [0:55] from Gorni Lom, from Protopopinsti: they come to us from all the nearby villages
|Gorni Lom sg m place||here adv||from||Protopopintsi pl.t place||from||close pl def adj||village pl n||dat 1pl clt||come 3pl pres I|
19 (a) [0:59] for the celebration. And we go to them when it's time for theirs –
|for||fair sg m||nom 1pl||and||go 1pl pres P||to||acc 3pl||dat 3pl||when rel||3sg pres cop clt|
20 (a) [1:01] to Dolni Lom on Trinity, to Gorni Lom on Paraskeva, to Chuprenye at another [time].
|Dolni Lom sg m place||on||Trinity sg f||St. Peter's Day sg m||to||Gorni.Lom sg m place||to||Chuprenye sg n place||and||other sg m adj|
21 (a) [1:06] We go over to them, and they [come over] to us …
|nom 1pl||go 1pl pres P||by||acc 3pl||and||nom 3pl||by||acc 1pl|
22 (VZh) [Our village celebration] in Vŭrbovo …
|in||Vŭrbovo sg n place|
23 (a) [1:08] … on St. George's Day.
|on||St. George's Day sg m|
24 (VZh) … was on May 24th.
|3sg impf cop||on||twenty||fourth sg m adj||May sg m|
25 (a) [1:09] axa axa è tekà smo odìli svè po zboròve
|disc||disc||disc||thus adv||1pl pres aux clt||go pl L.part I||all.time adv||around||fair pl m|
26 (a) [1:14] and they would [always] come to us.
|nom 3pl||3pl pres aux clt||dat 1pl||come pl L.part I|
27 (VZh) And what did you use the roast the lamb in?
|and||lamb sg n def||in||what sg n interr||acc n 3sg clt||bake 2sg pres I|
28 (a) [1:16] We would – we roasted it in a big pan of tin. There weren't the pans
|bake pl L.part.impf I||bake pl L.part I||1pl pres aux clt||acc n 3sg clt||in||pan pl f||big pl adj||from||tin acc sg f||exist impf neg||large.baking.dish pl f|
29 (a) [1:21] [they have] now, big pans, so we stretch it out on a pan – a tin pan,
|now adv||large.baking.dish sg f||ost||large f adj||and||acc n 3sg clt||stretch 1pl pres I||disc||pan sg f||from||tin sg f||pan sg f|
30 (a) [1:26] round, curved, a bigger pan. So we put it into the pan,
|and||bend sg f P.part P||round sg f adj||but||more||large f adj||pan sg f def||put 1pl pres P||acc n 3sg clt||in||pan acc sg f def|
31 (a) [1:30] pour water over it, put wood [on the fire], and it roasts: roast lamb –
|and||pour 1pl pres P||water acc sg f||put 1pl pres P||wood pl n||and||acc refl clt||bake 3sg pres P||bake sg n P.part I||lamb sg n|
32 (VZh) But wasn't there this oven constructed outside, wasn't there some structure –
|but||pres neg exist||interr clt||such sg n adj||build sg n P.part I||outdoor.oven sg f||pres neg exist||interr clt||hes||build sg n P.part I|
33 (a) [1:38] Oh yes, [we light] the outdoor ovens, and then we put it into the oven
|disc||outdoor.oven sg f||outdoor.oven sg f||in||and||then adv||in||outdoor.oven acc sg f def||acc n 3sg clt||put 1pl pres P|
34 (a) [1:40] and it roasts up.
|and||nom n 3sg||acc refl clt||bake 3sg pres P|
35 (VZh) Uh huh.
36 (a) [1:41] Roast lamb, [then] we make “podrobitsa”, with intestines, [diced] liver, tripe –
|bake sg n P.part I||lamb sg n||podrobitsa acc sg f||dat refl clt||make 1pl pres P||from||intestine pl n||liver sg m||tripe sg m|
37 (a) [1:48] we make “podrobitsa”, and add leeks
||make 1pl pres P||podrobitsa sg f||onion sg m||green sg m adj||put 1pl pres P|
38 (VZh) [Ah,] you put in leeks.
|green sg m adj||onion sg m||acc refl clt||put 3sg pres I|
39 (a) [1:52] Those individual leeks. It's better with leeks.
|this sg m adj||rel||stalk pl m def||green sg m adj||onion sg m||more||nice sg n adj||with||green sg m adj|
40 (a) [1:55] In some places they make it with onions, but it's not as nice
|pres exist||in||place pl n||acc n 3sg clt||make 3pl pres I||with||red sg m adj||but||more||neg||3sg pres cop clt||nice sg n adj|
41 (a) [1:58] with onions as it is with leeks and thyme. We call [that herb] thyme.
|with||red sg m def adj||onion sg m||green sg m def adj||onion sg m||and||thyme sg f||call 1pl pres I||acc n 3sg clt||thyme sg f|
42 (VZh) Ah, it's around that time [of year] …
|and||nom f 3sg||by||this sg n adj||time sg n|
43 (a) [2:02] We would –
|this sg n adj||1pl pres aux clt|
44 (VZh) that you pick [wild] thyme
|acc refl clt||gather 3sg pres I||thyme sg f def|
45 (a) [2:03] Thyme. You pick it then, young, in time for the St. George's day celebration. And –
|thyme sg f||gather 3sg pres I||acc refl clt||then adv||young f sg adj||for||fair sg m def||for||St.George’s.Day sg m||disc|
46 (VZh) And what other [dishes do you put it] in?
|other sg n adj||in||in||what sg n interr|
47 (a) [2:08] [We put] a lot [of it] in “podrobitsa”.
|much adv||podrobitsa sg f def|
48 (VZh) [What else] is it good to add wild thyme to?
|3sg pres cop clt||nice sg n adj||comp||put 2sg pres P||thyme sg f|
49 (a) [2:09] “Podrobitsa”, you know?
|podrobitsa sg f def||disc|
50 (VZh) What else do you put wild thyme in …
|other sg n adj||in||what sg n interr||acc f 3sg clt||put 2sg pres I||thyme sg f def|
51 (a) [2:13] Well –
52 (VZh) … to make it tasty?
|comp||become 3sg pres P||nice sg n adj|
53 (a) [2:14] I also put it in beans, but [it's best] in “podrobitsa”.
|put 1sg pres I||and||in||beans sg m||thus adv||but||for||in||podrobitsa sg f def|
54 (a) [2:16] [That's] what we have [always] liked the best.
|most||1pl pres aux clt||acc f 3sg clt||like pl L.part I|
55 (VZh) Uh huh
56 (a) [2:18] We put it most [often] in “podrobitsa”.
|most||in||podrobitsa sg f def||put 1pl pres I|
57 (VZh) And how do you recognize it when you go out [to look for it] here in the hills?
|and||how interr||acc f 3sg clt||recognize 2sg pres I||when conj||walk 2sg pres I||here adv||around||hill pl m def|
58 (a) [2:21] Ah,
59 (VZh) What does it look like?
|what sg n interr||represent 3sg pres I|
60 (a) [2:22] Well, it looks like – it's little, low down. It doesn't grow ..
|disc||represent 3sg pres I||little adv||down adv||to||low adv||grow 3sg pres I||neg||grow 3sg pres I|
61 (VZh) Uh huh.
62 (a) [2:26] … into a tall plant.
|up adv||plant sg n|
63 (a) [2:28] It doesn't grow high. Its leaves are round and we recognize it.
|low adv||grow 3sg pres I||and||and||leafage sg f def||dat n 3sg clt||round sg f adj||and||recognize 1pl pres I||acc f 3sg|
64 (a) [2:34] We recognize which plant is thyme, and we gather it for the celebration.
|which sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||thyme sg f||recognize 1pl pres I||gather 1pl pres P||thyme sg f||for||fair sg m def|
65 (a) [2:37] After that we slaughter a lamb, and then May Day comes, OK –
|and||after adv||dat refl clt||slaughter 1pl pres P||lamb sg n||again adv||first sg m adj||May sg m||come 3sg pres P||hort|
66 (a) [2:40] again we'll slaughter. We used to keep sheep [so we had] lots of lambs.
|again adv||dat refl clt||slaughter 1pl pres P||sheep f||dat refl clt||have 1pl impf I||many adv||lamb pl m|
67 (a) [2:44] But that was for us. As for the celebration –
|disc||then adv||dat refl clt||for||acc 1pl||and||for||fair sg m def|
68 (VZh) Do [your] children come now for the celebration?
|come 3pl pres I||interr clt||child pl n def||now adv||for||fair sg m def|
69 (a) [2:48] Yes, often. Well – they come, but it's much more different now.
|come 3pl pres I||much adv||disc||come 3pl pres I||but||more||acc refl clt||change 3sg aor P||now adv|
70 (a) [2:53] And [you should hear] we did: there was a big protest about the celebration.
|disc||nom 1pl||what sg n interr||1pl pres aux clt||do pl L.part I||but||exist aor||strike sg f||large f adj||for||fair sg m def|
71 (a) [2:57] This guy Angel came from Chuprenye, he was their mayor. And they fired our mayor
|from||Chuprenye sg n place||come 3sg aor P||one sg m adj||Angel sg m name||3sg impf cop||mayor sg m||and||dismiss 3pl aor P||dat 1pl clt||mayor sg m def|
72 (a) [3:00] and didn't allow us to put on our celebration. We wanted there to be
|neg||give 3sg pres I||comp||make 1pl pres I||fair sg m||nom 1pl||want 1pl pres I||comp||dat refl clt||pres exist|
73 (a) [3:03] a celebration. We of Replyana have [always] had our own celebration, and we like
|fair sg m||Replyana.resident pl m||make pl L.part I||1pl pres aux clt||fair sg m||and||dat refl clt||like 1pl pres I|
74 (a) [3:06] to have people come to us, and for us to go to them,
|comp||dat refl clt||dat 1pl clt||come 3pl pres I||person pl m||comp||dat refl clt||go 1pl pres P|
75 (a) [3:08] [and we] don't [want] to abandon this tradition. OK. But these people came –
|comp||acc refl clt||neg||abandon 3sg pres I||this sg f adj||tradition sg f||fine adv||but||nom 3pl||come 3pl aor P|
76 (a) [3:11] and there was this house up there, our village council. So they came
|and||3sg impf cop||dat 1pl clt||ost||here adv||up adv||this sg f adj||house sg f||council sg m def||nom 3pl||come 3pl aor P|
77 (a) [3:15] from Chuprenye, this group of mayors and bureaucrats got together to come
|from||Chuprenye sg n place||gather pl L.part P||acc refl clt||such pl adj||mayor pl m||bureaucrat pl m||comp||come 3pl pres P|
78 (a) [3:20] and make Replyana different, to put off the celebration. We were insisting
|comp||remake 3pl pres P||Replyana acc sg f place||comp||acc refl clt||postpone 3sg pres P||fair sg m def||disc||dat 1sg clt||insist 1pl pres I|
79 (a) [3:24] on having our celebration [here] in Replyana. But the Chuprenye people
|comp||dat refl clt||make 1pl pres I||fair sg m||Replyana sg f place||but||[...]||disc||Chuprenye.resident pl m|
80 (a) [3:27] didn't want to put on a celebration. They don't like animals much,
|not.want 3sg pres||comp||make 3pl pres I||fair sg m||nom 3pl||more||neg||like 3pl pres I||livestock acc sg f def|
81 (a) [3:30] they don't like really like to keep sheep, and they don't like guests much.
|more||neg||like 3pl pres I||comp||care.for 3pl pres I||sheep f||more||neg||like 3pl pres I||guest m coll|
82 (a) [3:33] But we in Replyana like …
|but||nom 1pl||Replyana sg f place||like 1pl pres I|
83 (VZh) For them it's just the stomach …
|nom 3pl||only adv||stomach acc sg f|
84 (a) [3:34] … animals.
|animal pl n|
85 (VZh) … they care about.
|comp||do 3pl pres I|
86 (a) [3:35] Yes! But we love to tend animals, [especially] sheep, and to have people come over,
|disc||nom 1pl||like 1pl pres I||animal pl n||comp||care.for 1pl pres I||sheep f||and||comp||dat 1pl clt||come 3pl pres I||person pl m|
87 (a) [3:41] and to go over to them. We like that sort of thing; we've [always] liked it.
|and||comp||dat 3pl clt||go 1pl pres P||like 1pl pres I||and||this sg f adj||thing acc sg f||like pl L.part I||1pl pres aux clt||much adv|
88 (a) [3:44] So these people came up there, and we went up after them, a [whole] flock [of us] –
|nom 3pl||come 3pl aor P||here adv||above adv||dat 1sg clt||after||acc 3pl||after||acc 3pl||flock sg m|
89 (a) [3:49] children, old people, young people, we swarmed up there around them
|disc||child pl n||disc||old pl adj||disc||young pl adj||bend 1pl pres P||acc refl clt||and||by||acc 3pl|
90 (a) [3:52] up by the council. They were gathered up at the council, and we –
|by||council sg m def||nom 3pl||acc refl clt||gather pl L.part P||in||council sg m def|
91 (a) [3:54] we chanted “Seventh, eighth! Seventh, eighth! Seventh, eighth!”
|and||nom 1pl||seventh sg m adj||eighth sg m adj||seventh sg m adj||eighth sg m adj||seventh sg m adj||eighth sg m adj||say 1pl pres I|
92 (a) [3:58] We wanted to put on our celebration, and not to abandon it, and [to do it]
|fair sg m def||comp||dat refl clt||make 1pl pres I||comp||acc refl clt||neg||postpone 3sg pres I|
93 (a) [4:00] on the seventh and the eighth, two days of celebration [in our traditional way].
|on||seventh sg m adj||and||on||eighth sg m adj||two m||day ct m||fair sg m|
94 (a) [4:02] On the sixth in the evening, we get ready, we slaughter [the animals].
|on||sixth m adj||acc refl clt||prepare 1pl pres I||and||dat refl clt||evening acc sg f def||slaughter 1pl pres I|
95 (a) [4:05] and then on the seventh is the celebration: dancing and people from all villages around.
|and||then adv||on||seventh sg m adj||fair sg m||here adv||round.dance sg n||from||all pl adj||village pl n||folk sg m|
96 (a) [4:11] It's packed with people here. And then we continue on the eighth.
|full adv||here adv||with||folk sg m||then adv||hort||and||on||eighth sg m adj|
97 (a) [4:15] On the eighth [too]. Both days there's music, and both nights. Music playing
|and||on||eighth sg m adj||two m def||day ct m||music sg f||and||two f||night pl f||music sg f||play 3sg pres I|
98 (a) [4:19] for two days. [That's how] we celebrate. But they didn't let us put on the celebration.
|two m||day ct m||make 1pl pres I||fair sg m||and||nom 3pl||neg||give 3pl pres I||comp||make 1pl pres I||fair sg m|
99 (a) [4:22] So everybody's shouting “Seventh, eighth! Seventh, eighth!” And then
|nom 1pl||seventh sg m adj||eighth sg m adj||seventh sg m adj||eighth sg m adj||each sg m adj||shout 3sg pres I||disc||and||hort|
100 (a) [4:26] someone [came] and rang the church bells. So we thought, let's us ring the bells [too]
|one sg m adj||and||bell acc sg f def||ring 3sg aor P||wait sg imv I||bell acc sg f def||comp||ring 1pl pres I|
101 (a) [4:28] and ask these people why they have come. So they came out of there,
|comp||ask 1pl pres I||acc 3sg clt||why interr||3pl pres aux clt||come pl L.part.||this pl adj||nom 3pl||emerge 3pl aor P||from||there adv|
102 (a) [4:32] out of the village council, and we went [swarming] after them
||council sg m def||nom 1pl||after||acc 3pl||after||acc 3pl||after||acc 3pl|
103 (a) [4:35] some with pieces of wood, some brandishing [them] like this, to beat them up
|which sg m rel||with||wood sg n||which sg m rel||thus prox adv||wave 3sg pres I||which sg m rel||comp||acc 3pl clt||beat 3sg pres I|
104 (a) [4:38] because we wanted our celebration, we didn't want to give up our celebration.
|because||want 1pl pres I||dat refl clt||fair sg m||
||neg||want 1pl pres I||comp||dat refl clt||release 1pl pres P||fair sg m def|
105 (a) [4:43] They just turned [away], they just turned this way and that,
|nom 3pl||acc refl clt||only adv||turn 3pl pres I||only||acc refl clt||turn 3pl pres I||from||there adv||from.here adv|
106 (a) [4:46] and went off without giving us permission to have our celebration.
|and||and||dat refl clt||go.off 3pl aor P||and||neg||give 3pl aor P||comp||make 1pl pres I||fair sg m|
107 (a) [4:50] And that's when they fired our mayor. They fired him because he wanted –
|and||mayor sg m def||dat 1pl clt||then adv||acc m 3sg clt||dismiss 3pl aor P||dismiss 3pl aor P||acc m 3sg clt||because||nom m 3sg||want 3sg pres I|
108 (a) [4:54] we the people wanted to have the celebration, and he stood firm [on that],
|nom 1pl||people sg m def||want 3sg pres I||comp||make 3sg pres I||fair sg m||and||nom m 3sg||insist 3sg pres I|
109 (a) [4:57] that we should have the celebration. So they sacked him, and put in his place
|comp||dat refl clt||make 1pl pres I||fair sg m||nom 3pl||acc m 3sg clt||then adv||dismiss 3pl aor P||and||put 3pl aor P|
110 (a) [5:00] this woman with a third-grade education, a real nobody.
|one acc sg f adj||woman acc sg f||such sg f adj||with||third sg m adj||class sg m||nothing sg n||neg||3sg pres aux clt||be sg f L.part|
111 (VZh) Hm.
112 (a) [5:04] But she undertook it because nobody else wanted to do it
|but||and||thus adv||nom f 3sg||acc refl clt||take.on 3sg aor P||because||and||other sg m adj||not.want 3sg pres||acc refl clt||take.on 3sg pres P|
113 (a) [5:07] [Everyone here] wanted us to have the celebration, so nobody else would take it on.
|want 3pl pres I||comp||dat refl clt||make 1pl pres I||fair sg m||not.want 3sg pres||acc refl clt||take.on 3sg pres P||other sg m adj|
114 (a) [5:10] But she took it on, to make things go their way, that the mayor would be fired.
|and||this sg f adj||acc refl clt||take.on 3sg aor P||disc||comp||pass 3sg pres P||comp||remove 3pl pres P||mayor sg m def|
115 (a) [5:14] So they [the Chuprenye people] got ride of [our] mayor, they fired him.
|and||acc m 3sg clt||remove 3pl aor P||mayor sg m def||dismiss 3pl aor P||acc m 3sg clt|
116 (a) [5:16] And we had to do [it their way], we abandoned the celebration.
|and||thus adv||do 1pl aor P||dat 1sg clt||remove 1pl aor P||fair sg m def|
117 (a) [5:18] But there was a great deal of protest.
|but||much adv||exist aor||strike sg f||large f adj|