Černovrŭx

1 (a) [0:02]      So now, wait [and] I’ll tell you about weddings.

now adv wait sg imv I
for
wedding sg f def
comp
dat 2pl clt
say 1sg pres P

2 (a) [0:05]      After that I’ll tell you about the church, and then that’s all.

after this sg n adj
fut
dat 2pl clt
say 1sg pres P
for
church sg f def
and
end sg m

3 (GK)       Uh huh.

O.K.

4 (a) [0:08]      Those things you were wondering about, a bit concerning the church.

disc
which sg n rel adj
acc refl clt
wonder 2pl pres I little adv
for
church sg f def

5 (GK)       How do they do a wedding ceremony without the church?

how interr make 3pl pres I marriage sg f
without
church sg f

6 (a) [0:16]      No, let’s put that up, it doesn’t fit inside.

no
fut
hang 1pl pres P here adv
neg
enter 3sg pres I now adv in

7 (GK)       Yes, O.K. And then?

yes fine adv after adv

8 (a) [0:25]      In the wedding …

yes in
wedding sg f def

9 (GK)       Yes

yes

10 (a) [0:26]      … as I was explaining to you, that’s separate. In actuality now they go –

how rel
dat 2pl clt
explain 1sg pres I nom sg n
3sg pres cop clt
separately adv concretely adv go 3pl pres P now adv

11 (a) [0:34]      and our people were especially insistent on this – they rent horses.

particularity sg f our pl def adj insist 3pl impf I here adv take 3pl pres P
under
rental sg m horse pl m

12 (GK)       Aha.

bkch

13 (a) [0:39]      And the horses – how shall I say it in a word – they’re tasseled.

horse pl m def
acc 3pl clt
how interr
comp
dat 2sg clt
say 1sg pres P with
one f adj word sg f tassel pl m

14 (a) [0:45]      Here, [you know] what a tassel is?

but
[...]
tassel sg m what sg n interr
3sg pres cop clt

15 (GK)       Yes, yes.

yes yes

16 (a) [0:48]      And they tie on them whatever you want.

tie 3pl pres I
dat 3pl clt
what sg n interr
interr clt
neg
want 2sg pres

17 (GK)       On the horses’ heads.

on
head pl f def
on
horse pl m def

18 (a) [0:50]      Right. And they take gifts and set out. A whole column. Whoever wishes

disc
gift pl m
and
acc 3pl clt
take 3pl pres P
and
set.off 3pl pres I now adv column sg f entire sg f adj who sg m rel want 3sg pres I

19 (a) [1:01]      goes to the ceremony. They wed them in Tryavna, because the church is there.

go 3sg pres I
to
marriage sg f def marry 3pl pres I
acc 3pl clt
in
Tryavna sg f place because there adv church sg f def

20 (a) [1:07]      And around 2:00 or 1:00 they are supposed to return.

and
toward two m toward one sg m adj hour sg m def must pres imprs
comp
acc refl clt
return 3pl pres P

21 (a) [1:13]      There's people there with them during the time of the church ceremony,

during this sg n adj time sg n when conj
acc 3pl clt
marry 3pl pres P people pl
dat refl clt
pres exist there adv with
acc 3pl

22 (a) [1:20]      and they send somebody, we here call him a rebel, up there

go 3pl pres P
and
send 3pl pres I some sg m adj ost here adv rebel sg m
dat m 3sg clt
say 1pl pres I ost there adv

23 (a) [1:28]      in the forest to shoot [a gun] to announce that they’re coming,

disc
thus adv forest sg f def how rel
and
shoot 3pl pres I
comp
announce 3pl pres P
that conj
come 3sg pres I here adv

24 (a) [1:36]      that the wedding [procession] is on its way.

that conj
fut
dat refl clt
come 3sg pres I wedding sg f def already adv

25 (GK)       How do you call those who shoot, who go on ahead of the wedding procession?

how interr
dat 3pl clt
say 3pl impf I
to
this pl adj rel shoot 3pl pres I rel go.ahead 3pl pres I wedding sg f def

26 (a) [1:40]      Well, it –

disc
disc

27 (GK)       Do you remember?

remember 2sg pres I
interr clt

28 (a) [1:42]      I’m not able to tell you.

neg
can 1sg pres I
dat 2sg clt
say inf P

29 (GK)       Did they maybe call them “prèvarnitsi”? [ritual announcers]

announcer pl m
comp
dat 3pl clt
call 3pl impf I

30 (a) [1:45]      What?

how interr

31 (GK)       “Prèvarnitsi”, or “prevàrnitsi” – who race ahead to announce (“isprevarvat”).

announcer pl m
or
announcer pl m who pl rel adj outrun 3pl pres I before adv

32 (a) [1:49]      They're called horsemen. Some they call them “basil-bearers”, I don’t know why.

horseman pl m
dat 3pl clt
call 3pl pres I basil.bearer pl m
dat 3pl clt
call 3pl pres I some pl adj
neg
know 1sg pres I why interr

33 (a) [1:55]      [Maybe] because that’s a [person’s] name, and now – now what’s left,

because pres exist one sg n adj name sg n
and
here adv
and
now adv
and
now adv
3sg pres aux clt
remain sg n L.part P

34 (a) [1:59]      what remains, is the “busiltsi”. [It’s] like a nickname.

heir sg m basil.bearer pl m def as nickname sg m

35 (GK)       Uh huh.

bkch

36 (a) [2:02]      This is where the name is from, because the father of that person

nom sg n from.there adv carry 3sg pres I name sg n def
dat refl clt
because [...]
father sg m
dat m 3sg clt
of
this sg m adj

37 (a) [2:08]      was supposedly such a horseman.

be sg m L.part such sg m adj horseman sg m

38 (GK)       Uh huh.

bkch

39 (a) [2:09]      Ah, yes! They called them horsemen! Because it requires more energetic people ...

excl
horseman pl m yes
3pl pres aux clt
dat 3pl clt
call pl L.part I correct adv because require pres imprs more energetic pl adj people pl

40 (GK)       Yes, yes.

yes yes

41 (a) [2:15]      … of course. Well, it's a minor job. So they announce [the news] –

and
naturally adv
disc
and
nom sg n small sg f adj work sg f adrs and communicate 3pl pres I

42 (a) [2:21]      – I don’t know them – and after they announce [it], they hurry.

and
neg
acc 3pl clt
know 1sg pres I
and
after this sg n adj communicate 3pl pres I hurry 3pl pres I

43 (a) [2:27]      When it's time to have the church ceremony, already early in the morning

when conj go 3sg pres P
comp
acc refl clt
marry 3sg pres I still adv
from
morning sg f def early adv

44 (a) [2:31]      they’re looking for cut boards, boards ( = to be table tops), and chairs,

seek 3pl pres I
acc refl clt
slice pl P.part P board pl f board pl f and chair pl m

45 (GK)       Uh huh.

bkch

46 (a) [2:36]      and if it's a nice day they make up the tables [out] on the threshing floor.

and
acc refl clt
pitch 3pl pres I nice sg m adj day sg m when conj
3sg pres cop clt
to
threshing.floor sg m def

47 (GK)       Uh huh.

bkch

48 (a) [2:41]      and a festive table is created. I don’t know

and
acc refl clt
form 3sg pres I festive.table sg f nom 1sg
neg
know 1sg pres I

49 (a) [2:44]      whether it was like this everywhere in Bulgaria – you see, this I don’t know.

in
Bulgaria sg f place thus adv
interr clt
3sg pres aux clt
be sg n L.part everywhere adv see sg imv P this sg n adj
neg
know 1sg pres I

50 (a) [2:48]      The whole village gathers together for eating and drinking.

gather 3sg pres I
acc refl clt
entire sg n def village sg n
for
food sg n
and
for
drink vbl.n I

51 (GK)       Regardless of whether they are relatives or not?

pres neg exist meaning sg n relative pl f
interr clt
3pl pres cop clt

52 (a) [2:55]      Regardless! As long as they cook [and bring] food.

pres neg exist only adv
that conj
dat refl clt
cook 3pl pres I

53 (GK)       Each cooks himself?

each sg m adj
dat refl clt
cook 3sg pres I alone sg m adj

54 (a) [2:58]      Each cooks, and brings [something]. Mostly they cook foods without liquid

each sg m adj
dat refl clt
cook 3sg pres I bring 3sg pres I
hes
cook 3pl pres I primarily adv in
dry sg n adj condition sg n

55 (a) [3:05]      so that they can be transported [more easily]. And [let me] tell [you]:

for
comp
can pres imprs
acc refl clt
carry inf I
comp
say 1sg pres P

56 (a) [3:07]      there’s a beautiful threshing floor [dating] from the Turkish occupation,

from.there adv pres exist one sg m adj nice sg m adj
from
Turkish n sg adj slavery sg n threshing.floor sg m

57 (GK)       Uh huh.

bkch

58 (a) [3:12]      the second threshing floor from the Turkish tithing period.

second sg m def adj threshing.floor sg m
from
tithing sg m def
from
from
Turk m def pl rel
3sg pres cop clt
disc

59 (a) [3:17]      It was the most appropriate [spot], and some even rent it

nom m 3sg 3sg impf cop most appropriate sg m adj even adv some sg m adj
acc m 3sg clt
[ ... ]
take 3pl pres P
acc m 3sg clt

60 (a) [3:21]      for a wedding, and [even then] they can’t fill the whole area.

by
wedding sg f
neg
can 3pl pres I
comp
acc refl clt
install 3pl pres P

61 (GK)       They don’t do it in the yards of houses,

neg
acc n 3sg clt do 3pl pres I
in
yard pl m def
in
house f def

62 (GK)       so as to have the wedding at home?

in
house f def
comp
be 3sg pres P wedding sg f def

63 (a) [3:29]      You can in a house that’s appropriate. Our [family] – I – there are ten of us

which sg f rel adj house sg f fit 3sg pres I can pres imprs our sg n def adj nom 1sg nom 1pl 1pl pres cop clt ten people pl

64 (GK)       Mm

bkch

65 (a) [3:37]      and I am the youngest. Ah, we were poor. The [whole thing] was horrible.

nom 1sg 1sg pres cop clt most little sg m adj excl nom 1pl 1pl pres cop clt poor pl adj nom f 3sg 3sg impf cop horror sg m

66 (a) [3:42]      Rich people came, business people came, my father was ashamed

come pl L.part P rich pl adj people pl come pl L.part P businessman pl m father sg m
dat 1sg clt
acc refl clt
feel.shame 3sg pres I

67 (a) [3:47]      and you see what the house is like. Well, it is as it is.

and
see 2sg pres I house sg f def how interr
3sg pres cop clt
how rel
and
comp
3sg pres cop clt

         So now, wait [and] I’ll tell you about weddings.


         After that I’ll tell you about the church, and then that’s all.


         Uh huh.


         Those things you were wondering about, a bit concerning the church.


         How do they do a wedding ceremony without the church?


         No, let’s put that up, it doesn’t fit inside.


         Yes, O.K. And then?


         In the wedding …


         Yes


         … as I was explaining to you, that’s separate. In actuality now they go –


         and our people were especially insistent on this – they rent horses.


         Aha.


         And the horses – how shall I say it in a word – they’re tasseled.


         Here, [you know] what a tassel is?


         Yes, yes.


         And they tie on them whatever you want.


         On the horses’ heads.


         Right. And they take gifts and set out. A whole column. Whoever wishes


         goes to the ceremony. They wed them in Tryavna, because the church is there.


         And around 2:00 or 1:00 they are supposed to return.


         There's people there with them during the time of the church ceremony,


         and they send somebody, we here call him a rebel, up there


         in the forest to shoot [a gun] to announce that they’re coming,


         that the wedding [procession] is on its way.


         How do you call those who shoot, who go on ahead of the wedding procession?


         Well, it –


         Do you remember?


         I’m not able to tell you.


         Did they maybe call them “prèvarnitsi”? [ritual announcers]


         What?


         “Prèvarnitsi”, or “prevàrnitsi” – who race ahead to announce (“isprevarvat”).


         They're called horsemen. Some they call them “basil-bearers”, I don’t know why.


         [Maybe] because that’s a [person’s] name, and now – now what’s left,


         what remains, is the “busiltsi”. [It’s] like a nickname.


         Uh huh.


         This is where the name is from, because the father of that person


         was supposedly such a horseman.


         Uh huh.


         Ah, yes! They called them horsemen! Because it requires more energetic people ...


         Yes, yes.


         … of course. Well, it's a minor job. So they announce [the news] –


         – I don’t know them – and after they announce [it], they hurry.


         When it's time to have the church ceremony, already early in the morning


         they’re looking for cut boards, boards ( = to be table tops), and chairs,


         Uh huh.


         and if it's a nice day they make up the tables [out] on the threshing floor.


         Uh huh.


         and a festive table is created. I don’t know


         whether it was like this everywhere in Bulgaria – you see, this I don’t know.


         The whole village gathers together for eating and drinking.


         Regardless of whether they are relatives or not?


         Regardless! As long as they cook [and bring] food.


         Each cooks himself?


         Each cooks, and brings [something]. Mostly they cook foods without liquid


         so that they can be transported [more easily]. And [let me] tell [you]:


         there’s a beautiful threshing floor [dating] from the Turkish occupation,


         Uh huh.


         the second threshing floor from the Turkish tithing period.


         It was the most appropriate [spot], and some even rent it


         for a wedding, and [even then] they can’t fill the whole area.


         They don’t do it in the yards of houses,


         so as to have the wedding at home?


         You can in a house that’s appropriate. Our [family] – I – there are ten of us


         Mm


         and I am the youngest. Ah, we were poor. The [whole thing] was horrible.


         Rich people came, business people came, my father was ashamed


         and you see what the house is like. Well, it is as it is.


1 (a) [0:02]       сега̀ ча̀кәй зә сва̀дбәтә дә ви ка̀жә

2 (a) [0:05]       слет ту̀й ше ви ка̀жә зә цъ̀рквәтә и кра̀й

3 (GK)       әхә

4 (a) [0:08]       а куѐту сә чу̀дите ма̀лку зә цъ̀рквәтә

5 (GK)       ка̀к пра̀йәт венча̀фка бес цъ̀рква

6 (a) [0:16]       нѐ ше закачѝм ту̀й не флѝзә сега̀ вəф

7 (GK)       да̀ добрѐ по̀сле

8 (a) [0:25]       да̀ вәф сва̀дбәтә

9 (GK)       да̀

10 (a) [0:26]       ка̀кту ви уб’әсн’а̀вәм то̀ е уд’ѐлну конкрѐтно ѝдәт сига̀

11 (a) [0:34]       осо̀бенус на̀ште държа̀хә ту̀кә з’ѐмәт под на̀ем кунѐ

12 (GK)       әhә

13 (a) [0:39]       кун’ѐте ги ка̀г дә ти ка̀жә сәс еднъ̀ ду̀мә писк’у̀ли

14 (a) [0:45]       но на̀ писк’у̀л кәкво̀ е

15 (GK)       да̀ да̀

16 (a) [0:48]       връ̀звәт им кәкво̀ ли ни штѐш

17 (GK)       по главѝте на конѐте

18 (a) [0:50]       а̀ пуда̀рәци и ги з’ѐмәт и тръ̀гвәт сига̀ коло̀нә ц’а̀лә ко̀йту ѝскә

19 (a) [1:01]       отѝвә нә венча̀фкәтә венча̀вәт ги ф тр’а̀внә пунѐже та̀м цъ̀рквәтә

20 (a) [1:07]       и кәм два̀ кәм йид’ѝн чәсъ̀ тр’а̀бвә дә сә зәвъ̀рнәт

21 (a) [1:13]       прис ту̀й врѐми кәту ги венчѐйәт хо̀рә си ѝмә та̀м сәс т’а̀х

22 (a) [1:20]       ѝдәт и пра̀штәт н’а̀куй а̀й ту̀кә комѝтә му ка̀звәми ѐй та̀м

23 (a) [1:28]       ə тъ̀й гуръ̀тә ка̀кту и стр’ѐл’әт дә предизвест’ъ̀т чи ѝди ту̀кә

24 (a) [1:36]       че ше си ѝди сва̀дбәтә в’ѐче

25 (GK)       ка̀к им ка̀звəхə на тѝйа дѐту стрѐл’ат дѐту испрева̀рвəт сва̀дбата сва̀дбəтə

26 (a) [1:40]       әми чи

27 (GK)       по̀мниш ли

28 (a) [1:42]       ни мо̀гә ти ка̀зә

29 (GK)       прѐварници да им вѝкаха

30 (a) [1:45]       ка̀к

31 (GK)       прѐварници или прева̀рници коѝто испрева̀рват напрѐт

32 (a) [1:49]       ко̀нници им вѝкәт бусѝлци им вѝкәт н’а̀куй ни зна̀м зәшто̀

33 (a) [1:55]       шо̀ту ѝмә идно̀ ѝми и ту̀кә и сига̀ и сига̀ е уста̀нәлу

34 (a) [1:59]       нәслѐдник бусѝлцити кәту пр’а̀кур

35 (GK)       әhә

36 (a) [2:02]       то̀ отта̀м но̀си ѝмиту си шо̀т бәш бәшта̀ му нә то̀с

37 (a) [2:08]       бѝл тәкъ̀ф ко̀нник

38 (GK)       әhә

39 (a) [2:09]       а̀ ко̀нници да̀ сə им вѝкəли пра̀вилну што̀т ѝскә по̀ иниргѝчни хо̀рә

40 (GK)       да̀ да̀

41 (a) [2:15]       и ест’ѐствену чи и то̀ др’ѐбнә ра̀бутә д’ѐ әмә сәопшта̀вәт

42 (a) [2:21]       и не ѝ зна̀м и след ту̀й сәупшта̀вәт бъ̀рзәт

43 (a) [2:27]       кәту утѝди дә сә венча̀вә о̀ште ут сутринъ̀тә ра̀ну

44 (a) [2:31]       тъ̀рс’әт сә нәр’а̀зәни дъ̀ски дъ̀ски пәк стуло̀ви

45 (GK)       әhә

46 (a) [2:36]       и сә рəспола̀гəт ху̀бəв дѐн кəто и нə хəрма̀на

47 (GK)       әhә

48 (a) [2:41]       и сə обрәзу̀вә трәп’ѐзә а̀с ни зна̀йә

49 (a) [2:44]       в бълга̀рийә тәка̀ ли е било̀ нәфс’а̀кәди вѝш ту̀й ни зна̀м

50 (a) [2:48]       збѝрә сә ц’а̀луту с’ѐло нә йа̀дене и нә пѝене

51 (GK)       н’а̀ма значѐние роднѝни ли съ

52 (a) [2:55]       н’а̀мә са̀му че си го̀тв’әт

53 (GK)       сѐки си го̀тви са̀м

54 (a) [2:58]       с’ѐки си го̀тви зәна̀с’ә ə го̀тв’әт по̀вечето вәф су̀хо сәстуйа̀ние

55 (a) [3:05]       зә дә мо̀е сә но̀си дә ка̀жем

56 (a) [3:07]       утта̀м ѝмә идѝн ху̀бәф ут ту̀рску ро̀пству хәрма̀н

57 (GK)       әhә

58 (a) [3:12]       фто̀рийә хәрма̀н ут дес’а̀тәкə от от ту̀рците д’ѐту е тва̀

59 (a) [3:17]       то̀й бѐши на̀й путхуд’а̀ш да̀же н’а̀куй гу зѐа з’ѐмәд гу

60 (a) [3:21]       при сва̀дба не мо̀гәт дә сә рәспуло̀жәт

61 (GK)       не гу̀ пра̀ат в дво̀ровете ф къ̀штата

62 (GK)       ф къ̀штата да бъ̀де сва̀дбата

63 (a) [3:29]       куйа̀ту къ̀штә прил’а̀гә мо̀жи на̀штә а̀с нѝй см’е д’ѐс’əт ду̀ши

64 (GK)       м

65 (a) [3:37]       а̀с сәм на̀й ма̀ләк а̀й нѝй см’е бѐдни т’а̀ б’ѐше у̀жәс

66 (a) [3:42]       душлѐ буга̀ти хо̀рә душлѐ претприема̀чи бәшта̀ ми сә срәму̀вә

67 (a) [3:47]       и вѝждәш къ̀штәтә ка̀к и ка̀кту и дә ѐ

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Comments and questions may be addressed to bdlt@berkeley.edu.

Recommended Model for Citations

Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)
Babjak 1: 13-15. In: Bulgarian Dialectology as Living Tradition [2016] (http://www.bulgariandialectology.org, visited on 1 March 2016)

Text | by Dr. Radut