1 (b) [0:00] In the old days the rich people didn’t have very big houses.
|one sg n adj||time sg n||landowner pl m def||3pl pres aux clt||not.have pl L.part I||very adv||big pl adj||house pl f|
2 (b) [0:04] and their children were different from our children, you know.
|but||interr||landowner sg m||[...]||stand.out 3pl pres I||dat m 3sg clt||child pl n def||from||our pl def adj||child pl n|
3 (b) [0:09] Their children were [better] dressed. But us – our shoes; well –
|their pl def adj||child pl n||3pl pres cop clt||dress pl P.part P||and||and||nom 1pl||sandal pl f def||and||nom sg n|
4 (b) [0:13] they weren’t like their shoes, but rather made of pigskin. That’s how we were.
|disc||not||such pl adj||sandal pl f||but||from||pork pl adj||make pl P.part P||and||thus adv||dat refl clt||hes||1pl impf cop|
5 (b) [0:19] And we even went out that way on Lazar’s Sunday, with those shoes.
|and||on||Lazar.Sunday sg f||thus adv||1pl pres aux clt||go pl L.part I||with||sandal pl f def||1pl pres cop clt||put.on pl P.part P|
6 (b) [0:23] So in fact we didn’t have anything. But the rich people, they bought up everything.
|and||thus adv||dat refl clt||not.have 1pl impf I||nothing sg n||and||landowner pl m def||nom 3pl||and||everything sg n adj||buy.out 3pl impf I|
7 (b) [0:29] All we had was what they gave to our fathers. And tobacco especially –
|and||what sg n interr||dat 1pl clt||give 3pl pres P||hes||to||father pl m def||dat 1pl clt||this sg n adj||and||tobacco sg m def||especially adv|
8 (b) [0:34] They bought that up. Our tobacco sold for very little, but
|but||acc m 3sg clt||buy.out 3pl pres I||and||our pl def adj||tobacco pl m||very adv||cheap adv||pass 3pl impf I||and||and|
9 (b) [0:38] their tobacco was always more costly; the rich peoples’ tobacco sold for more.
|their pl def adj||tobacco pl m||nom 3pl||mean 3sg pres I||always adv||more||expensive adv||landowner’s sg m def adj||tobacco sg m||pass 3sg pres I||more||expensive adv|
10 (b) [0:43] Not like in the collective farm, where there was a committee [regulating things].
|not||as||in||T.K.Z.S. sg n def||hes||pass 3sg pres I||there adv||committee sg f def|
11 (b) [0:47] There was a difference there too, but it was less.
|and||there adv||impf exist||again adv||difference sg f||but||all adv||again adv||more||little adv|
12 (KK) [How did you grow tobacco?]
13 (b) [0:52] For tobacco, in the old days, we’d begin already in March
|disc||one sg n adj||time sg n||nom 1pl||tobacco sg m def||from||March sg m def||still adv||begin 1pl pres I|
14 (b) [0:56] to prepare the beds, but there wasn’t any insecticide then to spray on them.
|comp||dat refl clt||make 1pl pres I||bed pl f def||but||impf neg exist||then adv||poison pl f||comp||acc m 3sg clt||spray 1pl pres I|
15 (b) [1:01] Once our beds were prepared, we spread bird droppings on them.
|make pl P.part P||3pl pres cop clt||bed pl f def||dat 1pl clt||and||with||bird.dropping pl m||acc m 3sg clt||spray 1pl impf I||hes|
16 (b) [1:05] We did the planting by hand, with stakes. There weren’t machines, there wasn’t anything.
|and||on||hand sg f||acc m 3sg clt||plant 1pl impf I||with||stake pl n||hes||impf neg exist||machine pl f||impf neg exist||nothing sg n|
17 (b) [1:11] We’d get together somewhere [to work] in brigades, or each one would do it for himself.
|and||somewhere adv||acc refl clt||gather 1pl impf I||by||brigade sg f||or||and||each sg m||dat refl clt||acc m 3sg clt||take 3sg pres I|
18 (b) [1:16] In the old days, because I didn’t have brothers or sisters, I was –
|nom 1sg||one sg n adj||time sg n||because||not.have 1sg pres I||brother pl m||not.have 1sg pres I||sister pl f||hes||1sg impf cop|
19 (b) [1:21] I had to go with a yoke on my back, and to carry water in copper pails.
|and||on||back sg m||with||yoke sg f def||with||kettle pl m def||on||back sg m||carry 1sg pres I||water sg f|
20 (b) [1:25] I plant a row, then I water it; and then
|when conj||dat refl clt||plant 1sg pres P||one f adj||row sg f||pour 1sg pres P||dat refl clt||acc m 3sg clt||again adv|
21 (b) [1:28] I plant another row, and water it too.
|again adv||dat refl clt||plant 1sg pres P||one sg f adj||row sg f||again adv||dat refl clt||acc m 3sg clt||pour 1sg pres P|
22 (b) [1:30] My father and mother are off doing other work.
|mother sg f||dat 1sg clt||and||father sg m||dat 1sg clt||3pl pres cop clt||on||other sg f adj||work f sg|
23 (b) [1:32] What can I do? This is [the work] I’ve been given.
|nom 1sg||what sg n interr||comp||do 1sg pres I||to||acc 1sg||this sg n adj||dat 1sg clt||give 3pl pres I|
24 (b) [1:35] And the next day, when they came, again [the pails go] onto my back
|later adv||other m def adj||day sg m||nom 3pl||when conj||come 3pl pres P||but||again adv||on||back sg m|
25 (b) [1:38] so as to carry water, this time further off. But there wasn’t any. So
|water sg f def||acc f 3sg clt||carry 1pl pres I||little adv||more||far adv||but||impf neg exist||after adv||already adv|
26 (b) [1:43] we took barrels to gather the water, and that’s how we brought it
|take 1pl aor P||on||barrel pl f||comp||put 1sg pres I||water sg f def||and||thus adv||dat refl clt||acc m 3sg clt||take 1pl impf I|
27 (b) [1:46] and planted [the tobacco]. And when it came time for harvest, it was hoed
|dat refl clt||acc m 3sg clt||plant 1pl impf I||and||when conj||become 3sg pres P||for||pick vbl.n I||dig sg m L.part I||2sg pres aux clt||acc m 3sg clt|
28 (b) [1:49] by hand, without plowing or anything. When it’s time
|on||hand sg f||without||comp||acc refl clt||plow 3sg pres I||without||nothing sg n||and||when conj||become 3sg pres P|
29 (b) [1:53] for the first picking, we gather a few leaves from below,
|for||pick vbl.n I||first sg f def adj||dat m 3sg clt||hand sg f||acc f 3sg clt||gather 1pl pres I||from.below adv||by||several adv||leaf pl n|
30 (b) [1:58] and we go one time through the entire field, however much [it is] –
|and||when conj||acc m 3sg clt||pass 1pl pres P||one sg m def adj||time sg m||nom n 3sg||3sg pres cop clt||then adv||by||how.much interr|
31 (b) [2:01] we had planted two or three decares of tobacco, but those
|two m||three||decare ct m||tobacco sg m||acc refl clt||3sg pres aux clt||plant sg n L.part I||and||and||which pl m rel adj|
32 (b) [2:03] who have more people to work plant much more tobacco. But we
|3pl pres cop clt||many adv||people pl||nom 3pl||plant 3pl pres I||more||much adv||tobacco sg m||and||nom 1pl|
33 (b) [2:07] were less people, so planted less tobacco.
|more||little adv||tobacco sg m||little adv||people pl||1pl pres cop clt||more||little adv||tobacco sg m|
34 (b) [2:10] And when the first picking is finished, we go through on the second one.
|and||then adv||already adv||first sg f def adj||hand sg f||when conj||acc m 3sg clt||pass 1sg pres P||second sg f def adj||hand sg f||already adv|
35 (b) [2:14] We begin to pick the leaves when they've started to turn yellow,
|when conj||grasp 3sg pres P||comp||turn.yellow 3sg pres I||again adv||begin 1pl pres I||comp||acc m 3sg clt||gather 1pl pres I|
36 (b) [2:18] again two or three leaves at a time, so they stay good-looking.
|again adv||by||two n||three||leaf pl n||as.if adv||comp||become 3sg pres I||more||nice sg m adj|
37 (b) [2:21] Then we thread them on needles, and on cords, and after that
|but||acc m 3sg clt||string 1sg pres I||on||needle pl f||and||on||cord sg m||and||later adv|
38 (b) [2:25] we make frames, and [put these threads] on the frames. No, first [we put them] on poles
|dat refl clt||make 1pl pres I||frame pl f||on||frame pl f def||or||most||before adv||on||pole pl m|
39 (b) [2:29] and tie the poles [to the frames] with corn husks. Then a scaffolding is made
|pole pl m def||and||with||hes||foliage sg f||corn sg f adj||acc m 3sg clt||tie 1pl pres I||and||make sg f P.part P||scaffolding sg f|
40 (b) [2:34] and we line up the poles on the scaffolding. When it rains, then,
|and||on||this sg f adj||scaffolding sg f||arrange 1pl pres I||pole pl m def||and||when rel||precipitate 3sg pres I||rain sg m|
41 (b) [3:39] we have the scaffolding to keep things dry. Then we take these poles
|have 1pl pres I||and||scaffolding sg f||under||sheltered.space sg f||hes||there adv||and||make sg f P.part P||pole pl m def||acc 3pl clt||take 1pl pres I|
42 (b) [2:43] and line them up by pairs, one next to another,
|by||two m||by||two m||pole ct m||and||acc 3pl clt||carry 1pl pres I||there adv||one sg m adj||by||other sg m adj|
43 (b) [2:46] one next to another, and that’s how we lined them up in the old days.
|one sg m adj||by||other sg m adj||thus adv||acc 3pl clt||arrange 1pl impf I||then adv||one sg n adj||time sg n|
44 (b) [2:49] Now it’s all simple: you just cover them with a plastic sheet, and that’s it.
|and||today's sg n def adj||easy sg f adj||work sg f||cover 3pl pres P||acc m 3sg clt||with||plastic.sheet sg m def||and||hort|
45 (b) [2:53] But that’s how it was back then. During the winter,
|and||then adv||thus adv||3sg impf cop||and||later adv||and||during||winter sg f def|
46 (b) [2:56] when the fog starts to come in, we get ready and start
|when conj||take 3sg pres P||already adv||comp||fall 3pl pres I||fog pl f def||acc refl clt||take 1pl pres P||and||begin 1pl pres I|
47 (b) [3:00] to process [the tobacco]. When we see they’re soft, we start to make it [into bundles]
|comp||acc m 3sg clt||make 1pl pres I||when conj||see 1sg pres P||that conj||become 3sg pres I||soft sg m adj||begin 1pl pres I||comp||acc m 3sg clt||make 1pl pres I|
48 (b) [3:04] [using] our knees [for support] weto make it into bundles, and tie them up
|on||knee sg n def||dat refl clt||acc m 3sg clt||make 1pl pres I||in||bundle pl n||and||then adv||acc m 3sg clt||tie 1pl impf I|
49 (b) [3:09] with corn husks, and make them into large bales.
|with||corn sg f adj||foliage sg f||and||acc m 3sg clt||make 1pl pres P||thus adv||in||bale pl m||big pl adj|
50 (b) [3:14] Or more like a pile. We make them not into bales but into storage piles.
|in||pile sg m||by||correct sg n def adj||not||in||bale sg m||but||in||pile sg m||make 1pl pres P|
51 (b) [3:18] And then, after they give us pieces of burlap to cover them, we take and make them
|and||later adv||already adv||when conj||give 3pl pres P||burlap pl m||then adv||acc m 3sg clt||take 1pl pres I||acc m 3sg clt||make 1pl pres I|
52 (b) [3:21] into bales. We untie [the leaves] from the corn husking, and give them
|in||bale pl m||untie 1pl pres I||acc m 3sg clt||from||hes||foliage sg f def||and||dat 3pl clt||acc m 3sg clt||give 1pl pres I|
53 (b) [3:26] to the men [who] make them into bales.
|and||man pl m def||acc m 3sg clt||make 3pl pres I||in||bale pl m|
54 (KK) [Did you all go to school?]
55 (b) [3:29] In the old days, when we went to the school here, we went [only]
|disc||one sg n adj||time sg n||nom 1pl||when conj||go 1pl impf I||to||school sg n def||here adv||go 1pl impf I|
56 (b) [3:32] through fourth grade, and then we started to go to [school] in Mŭdrets.
|to||fourth sg n adj||grade sg n||and||after adv||grasp 1pl aor P||comp||go 1pl pres I||in||Mŭdrets sg m place|
57 (b) [3:36] But when we went to Mŭdrets, we didn’t have shoes; there wasn’t anything.
|but||when conj||go 1pl impf I||in||Mŭdrets sg m place||nom 1pl||not.have 1pl impf I||shoe pl f||then adv||impf neg exist||nothing sg n|
58 (b) [3:41] So they got us these sandals, with socks [only] to the knees.
|but||take 3pl pres P||dat 1pl clt||one pl adj||sandal pl f||dat 1pl clt||make 3pl pres P||and||with||sock pl m def||to||knee pl n def|
59 (b) [3:47] That’s where our socks came to in the old days. Our knees were all red [from the cold],
|to||there adv||dat 1pl clt||3pl impf cop||sock pl m def||one sg n adj||time sg n||knee pl n def||dat 1pl clt||red pl adj||nom 3pl|
60 (b) [3:51] and that’s why they hurt [so much] now, but what can we do for them?
|for||for.that adv||acc 1pl clt||hurt 3pl pres I||now adv||but||what sg n interr||comp||acc 3pl clt||make 1pl pres P|
61 (b) [3:53] Back then we studied Bulgarian [language], math, catechism, shop, physical education –
|and||then adv||study 1pl impf I||Bulgarian sg m adj||mathematics sg f||catechism sg n||labor sg n adj||physical sg n adj|
62 (b) [4:01] I can’t remember what other subjects we studied.
|neg||can 1sg pres||comp||dat refl clt||recall 1sg pres P||other pl adj||what.kind pl interr adj||subject pl m||1pl pres aux clt||study pl L.part I|
63 (b) [4:04] For me, I was really good at math, but since I didn’t have any money,
|but||to||acc 1sg||mathematics sg f def||dat 1sg clt||walk 3sg impf I||much adv||but||interr||not.have 1sg impf I||money pl.t|
64 (b) [4:08] and there was nobody to support me – I even [had to] take
|and||impf neg exist||and||which sg m interr||comp||acc 1sg clt||support 3sg pres I||and||
||1sg pres aux clt||take sg f L.part I|
65 (b) [4:11] [my own] food – I didn’t learn a lot. But [even though]
|and||food sg f||nom 1sg||much adv||neg||study 1sg impf I||but||
66 (b) [4:15] I wasn’t allowed to study much, I still got a fairly good grade.
|neg||dat 1sg clt||give 3pl impf I||comp||read 1sg pres I||much adv||but||again adv||take 1sg aor P||with||four|