1 (a) [0:00] [Ah,] a tale! I’ll tell you one.
|tale sg f||nom 1sg||fut||dat 2sg clt||tell 1sg pres P||one f sg adj|
2 (RA) Oh, oh, good!
3 (a) [0:02] Ah.
4 (RA) Tell [it]!
|tell sg imv P|
5 (b) [0:03] Ha. [laughter]
6 (RA) [laughter]
7 (a) [0:05] A certain man was always going out to plow in the field …
|some sg m adj||man sg m||go sg m L.part I||all adv||comp||plow 3sg pres I||on||field sg f def|
8 (RA) Hm.
9 (a) [0:07] with oxen. And when his wife came [out she’d say,] “How far did you plow, husband?”
|with||ox pl m||and||wife sg f def||dat m 3sg clt||when conj||fut||come 3sg pres P||how.far interr||plow 2sg aor P||man voc sg m|
10 (a) [0:12] [And he said it was] up to the pear tree, and that tomorrow he’ll go again.
||to||under||pear.tree sg f def||tomorrow adv||again adv||fut||go 3sg pres P|
11 (b) [0:15] Ah, that one!
|excl||this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||already adv|
12 (a) [0:15] … up to the pear tree again.” Well, she wanted [this] tale, you know!
|again adv||to||under||pear.tree sg f def||tale sg f||nom f 3sg||want 3sg pres I||adrs|
13 (b) [0:18] That’s the one.
|disc||this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt|
14 (a) [0:19] Yes. And she said – And he: “To there, to there”, and no job ever got done.
|disc||and||nom f 3sg||all adv||to.there adv||to.there adv||and||pres neg exist||work sg f||neg||acc refl clt||do 3sg pres I|
15 (a) [0:25] He started to take seed [for sowing], filled a single furrow
|disc||begin sg m L.part P||comp||carry 3sg pres I||seed sg n def||pull 3sg pres P||one sg f adj||furrow sg f|
16 (a) [0:26] from here to there, he tossed out all the seed, and came back.
|from.here adv||to.there adv||toss 3sg pres P||acc n 3sg clt||this sg n adj||seed sg n||come 3sg pres P||dat refl clt|
17 (a) [0:29] And his wife said, “Why did you squander all the grain [already]?” she said,
|and||this sg f adj||woman sg f||call 3sg pres I||disc||nom 2sg||what interr||grain sg n||waste 3sg aor P||say 3sg pres I|
18 (a) [0:33] and not yet sow the [entire] field? Today I will go [myself],” she said.
|field sg f def||neg||can imprs||comp||acc f 3sg clt||sow 2sg pres I||still adv||today adv||nom 1sg||call 3sg pres I||fut||go 1sg pres P|
19 (a) [0:37] and she set out [to go] down there. “And you will – you’ll look after the child,”
|and||set.out sg f L.part P||to||down adv||and||nom 2sg||fut||[...]||fut||watch 2sg pres I||child sg n def|
20 (a) [0:42] she said. “You’ll bathe it, you’ll put it to sleep, you’ll feed it.
|call 3sg pres I||fut||acc n 3sg||bathe 2sg pres P||fut||acc n 3sg clt||put.to.sleep 2sg pres P||fut||acc n 3sg clt||feed 2sg pres P|
21 (a) [0:45] You’ll look after the brood hen and her chicks, and you’ll do the wash.”
|brood.hen sg f def||
||comp||watch 2sg pres I||with||chick pl n def||comp||wash 2sg pres P|
22 (a) [0:49] She gave him orders about everything [he needed] to do. And he got up, went
|everything sg n adj||dat m 3sg clt||order 3sg pres I||what sg n||comp||work 3sg pres I||and||stand sg m L.part P||go sg m L.part P|
23 (a) [0:54] to lay the fire, and there was milk to churn in the butter-churn.
|comp||lay 3sg pres P||fire sg m def||disc||and||milk sg n||L.part exist||comp||churn 3sg pres P||in||churn sg f def|
24 (b) [0:57] But he put that churn onto his back.
|but||shoulder sg m L.part P||that sg n adj||churn sg f def|
25 (a) [0:59] [Yes,] he picked up the churn. And then he lay the fire.
|shoulder sg m L.part P||churn sg f def||and||lay sg m L.part P||fire sg m def|
26 (RA) [laughter]
27 (a) [1:01] When he lay the fire, he leaned forward and spilled the milk from the churn.
|when conj||lay sg m L.part P||fire sg m def||bend.over sg m L.part P||acc refl clt||spill sg L.part P||milk sg n def||from||churn sg f def|
28 (b) [1:06] He extinguished the fire, and put the pan on to heat in order to bake the bread.
|extinguish sg m L.part P||fire sg m def||put sg m L.part P||baking.dish sg f def||comp||acc refl clt||burn 3sg pres I||for||bread sg m def||comp||acc m 3sg clt||bake 3sg pres I|
29 (a) [1:11] Ah, no. No, I don’t know [the part about the] pan.
|excl||no||no||baking.dish sg f def||nom 1sg||neg||know 1sg pres I|
30 (b) [1:12] Aha, [indeed] he put the pan on –
|disc||baking.dish sg f def||put sg m L.part P||
31 (a) [1:13] He put [it on]. And when he’d extinguished the fire, and looked to the brood-hen,
|put sg m L.part P||and||now adv||when inter.rel||extinguish sg m L.part P||fire sg m def||when conj||watch 3sg pres I||brood.hen sg f def|
32 (a) [1:16] [he saw that] an eagle had picked it up, along with its chicks tied to it in a row …
|lift sg m L.part P||acc n 3sg clt||eagle sg m def||nom m 3sg||acc 3pl clt||tie sg m L.part P||chick pl n def||one sg n adj||for||other sg n adj|
33 (d) [laughter]
34 (a) [1:19] … [which he’d done] so they wouldn’t run away –
|comp||neg||run.away 3pl pres P|
35 (RA) Um.
36 (a) [1:21] supposedly not to run away. The eagle picked up the brood-hen
|as.if adv||comp||neg||run 3pl pres I||lift 3sg pres I||eagle sg m def||brood.hen sg f def|
37 (a) [1:24] and its chicks, tied to each other all in a row, and carried it off.
|chick pl n def||one sg n adj||to||other sg n adj||string pl P.part P||to||acc n 3sg||tie pl P.part P||and||acc n 3sg clt||carry sg m L.part P|
38 (a) [1:28] So he went [and saw that] the child was grimacing from crying. He began to stroke it
|go sg m L.part P||child sg n def||grimace sg n L.part P||acc refl clt||from||cry vbl.n I||begin sg m L.part P||comp||acc m 3sg clt||stroke 3sg pres P|
39 (a) [1:32] [saying] “Oh, Daddy’s little one, oh Daddy’s little one”, and touched it here
|excl||of||father sg m||excl||of||father sg m||touch 3sg pres I||dat n 3sg clt||to||here adv|
40 (a) [1:35] – children have this soft spot [on their heads] you know? And he took a needle
|interr||child pl n def||have 3pl pres I||soft sg n adj||take sg m L.part P||with||one f sg adj||needle sg f|
41 (a) [1:38] and pierced it, and the brains ran out. The child died [but] he thought
|pierce sg m L.part P||acc n 3sg clt||flow.out 3sg pres I||dat m 3sg clt||brain sg m def||die 3sg pres I||child sg n def||nom m 3sg||think sg m L.part P||that conj|
42 (a) [1:41] it had fallen asleep and said “[Ah,] wife, the child has been sleeping all day long,”
|that conj||3sg pres aux clt||fall.asleep sg n L.part P||call 3sg pres I||woman voc sg f||whole sg m adj||day sg m||child sg n def||sleep 3sg pres I||and||call 3sg pres I|
43 (a) [1:45] he said. “You’ve lied [to me],” he said, “when you say that it’s a crier,” he said –
|nom 2sg||lie 2sg pres I||call 3sg pres I||that conj||that conj||cry 3sg pres I||call 3sg pres I|
44 (b) [1:48] Ah.
45 (a) [1:48] “that it howls.” And he went back to the fire, so as
|that conj||cry 3sg pres I||and||from.there adv||return sg m L.part P||acc refl clt||toward||fire sg m def||again adv||again adv||disc|
46 (a) [1:56] to light it [again]. The child was sleeping [in fact] already dead, and he saw the clothes
|go 3sg pres I||comp||acc m 3sg clt||light.fire 3sg pres P||child sg n def||fall.asleep sg n L.part P||already||die sg n L.part P||look 3sg pres I||clothing pl f def|
47 (a) [2:00] had been stolen from the [washing] cauldron – somebody or another had been there.
|steal pl P.part P||from||this sg n adj||cauldron sg m def||steal pl P.part P||some pl adj||dat refl clt||what.kind pl adj||3pl pres aux clt||be pl L.part|
48 (b) [2:06] Because that –
|because||that sg f adj|
49 (a) [2:06] His wife came back from work [and said], “What did you do to the child?"
|and||acc refl clt||return 3sg pres I||and||woman sg f def||dat m 3sg clt||from||work sg f||what interr||do 3sg aor P||child sg n def||call 3sg pres I|
50 (a) [2:10] “Sleeping all day,” [he said]. And the woman came back and picked up the child,
|whole sg m adj||day sg m||sleep 3sg pres I||and||return 3sg pres I||acc refl clt||grasp 3sg pres I||acc n 3sg clt||this sg f adj||woman sg f|
51 (a) [2:12] and it had become as wood, like a hard knot [in a tree].
|knot sg m||turn.to.wood sg n L.part P||acc refl clt|
52 (b) [2:13] It [had] died.
|die sg n L.part P|
53 (a) [2:14] It [had] died. “And the clothes?” “Well,” he said, “I went home and came back,”
|die sg n L.part P||child sg n def||disc||clothing pl f def||disc||go 1sg aor I||call 3sg pres I||to||home adv||return 1sg aor P||acc refl clt|
54 (a) [2:19] he said, “someone had stolen them. And the milk,” he said, “when I leaned over
|call 3sg pres I||steal pl L.part P||acc 3pl clt||milk sg n def||call 3sg pres I||when conj||acc refl clt||bend.over 1sg aor P||call 3sg pres I|
55 (a) [2:24] to lay the fire, I spilled it [all],” he said, “from the churn.”
|comp||comp||lay 1sg pres P||fire sg m def||spill 1sg aor P||acc n 3sg clt||call 3sg pres I||from||churn sg f def|
56 (b) [2:28] Well, I – this [tale] is a completely different [one].
|disc||nom 1sg||this sg f adj||3sg pres cop clt||completely adv||other sg f adj|
57 (a) [2:28] Ah well, that’s how this one [goes]. [So] in the evening …
|disc||thus adv||3sg pres cop clt||this sg f adj||and||evening sg f def|
58 (RA) Afterwards you – you can tell your [version].
|after adv||fut||nom 2sg||nom 2sg||fut||say 2sg pres P||own sg f adj|
59 (b) [2:32] Eh!
60 (a) [2:32] she started in on him. “Never, never,” she said,
|and||this sg f adj||acc m 3sg||assault sg f L.part P||mean 3sg pres I||call 3sg pres I||not.at.all adv||not.at.all adv|
61 (a) [2;36] will I lay eyes on you again!” She began to beat him,
|comp||dat 1sg clt||acc 2sg clt||neg||see 3pl pres P||eye pl n def||begin sg f L.part P||comp||acc n 3sg clt||beat 3sg pres I|
62 (a) [2:39] and he ran off and went completely off his head
|and||this sg m adj||run.away sg m L.part P||go.mad sg m L.part P||already adv|
63 (d) [2:42] Ooh, I know this one.
|excl||nom 1sg||acc n 3sg clt||know 1sg pres I|
64 (a) [2:44] And when he went off down the road, when he went along the road,
|and||when conj||pass sg m L.part I||by||road sg m def||thus adv||along||along||road sg m def||when conj||go sg m L.part I|
65 (a) [2:48] [he saw] some fishermen fishing.
|some pl adj||fisherman pl m||catch pl L.part I||fish pl f|
66 (d) [laughter]
67 (a) [2:50] He’d remembered, you know, [the words] from home: “Never, never,
|nom m 3sg||interr||from||home adv||dat refl clt||and||memorize sg m L.part P||not.at.all adv||not.at.all adv|
68 (a) [2:52] will I lay eyes on you again!” So he kept saying this
|comp||dat 1sg clt||acc 2sg clt||neg||see 3pl pres P||eye pl n def||and||this sg n adj||dat refl clt||say sg m L.part I|
69 (a) [2:55] as he was traveling, he was shouting, “Never, never, never, never!
|and||again adv||dat refl clt||travel 3sg pres I||dat refl clt||shout 3sg pres P||not.at.all adv||not.at.all adv||not.at.all adv||not.at.all adv|
70 (a) [3:00] And the fishermen came out, they’d been casting with a line and a net
|emerge 3pl pres I||this pl adj||fisherman pl m||this pl adj||cast pl L.part I||fishing.line sg f||casting.net sg n|
71 (a) [3:03] and had never [caught anything]. So they figured it was
|pres neg exist||not.at.all adv||and||nom 3pl||dat refl clt||reckon pl L.part I||that conj|
72 (a) [3:06] because of this man [that] they couldn’t catch [anything]
|from||this sg m adj||person sg m||neg||can pres imprs||comp||catch 3pl pres P|
73 (b) [3:07] Hah [unintelligible]
74 (a) [3:09] And they beat him up, and said, “When you see such a situation
|and||nom 3pl||acc m 3sg clt||beat 3pl pres I||when conj||fut||see 2sg pres P||such sg f adj||thing sg f||say 3pl pres I|
75 (a) [3:12] you’re supposed to say “[May you get] five or six each!”
||fut||call 2sg pres I||by||[...]||by||five||by||six|
76 (a) [3:15] So then he met people carrying a dead man, and he –
|and||nom m 3sg||meet 3sg pres I||die sg m L.part P||person sg m||where rel||carry 3pl pres I||and||nom m 3sg|
77 (a) [3:19] and he said to them, “[May you get] five or six each
|and||nom m 3sg||dat 3pl clt||call 3sg pres I||to||acc 3pl||by||five||by||six|
78 (a) [3:20] five or six each!” And these people got angry – after all, [laughter]
|by||five||by||six||this pl adj||when conj||acc refl clt||anger pl L.part P||people pl||excl|
79 (d) [3:23] [laughter]
80 (a) [3:25] [if] you’re carrying a dead man and [someone] is saying
|die sg m L.part P||person sg m||comp||carry 2sg pres I||and||comp||say 3sg pres I|
81 (a) [3:27] [May you] carry five or six such”!
|by||five||by||six||comp||carry 3pl pres I|
82 (d) [3:28] [laughter]
83 (a) [3:29] So they beat him up right there.
|and||there adv||acc m 3sg clt||beat pl L.part P|
84 (b) [3:31] [laughter]
85 (a) [laughter]
86 (d) [3:31] [laughter]
87 (a) [3:33] And they beat him up right there, and they said to him
|and||there||acc m 3sg clt||beat pl L.part P||and||say sg m L.part P||say pl L.part P||dat m 3sg clt||nom 3pl|
88 (a) [3:37] When you see such a situation,” they said, “you should jump about
|when||fut||see 2sg pres P||call 3sg pres I||such sg f adj||thing sg f||fut||jump 2sg pres I|
89 (a) [3:39] and dance the horo,” they said, “and not
|call 3sg pres I||round.dance sg n||fut||dance 2sg pres I||and||not||call 3sg pres I|
90 (d) [3:42] Hunh-uh
91 (a) [3:42] May you get five or six each’". But isn’t this how it should be at a wedding?
|by||five||by||six||interr||at||wedding sg f def||3sg pres cop clt||thus adv|
92 (d) [3:45] Yes, but at this [point in the story] they [must] say to you
|comp||hes||at||this sg n adj||hes||comp||comp||dat 2pl clt||say 3sg pres I|
93 (d) [3:47] God – may God have mercy.
||God sg m||comp||dat 2pl clt||forgive 3sg pres P|
94 (a) [3:49] Aha, that’s it! [You’re] right.
|excl||thus adv||true adv|
95 (a) [laughter]
96 (a) [3:51] “But when people are carrying a dead person,” they said, “you should say
|fut||acc m 3sg clt||disc||when conj||carry pl L.part I||die sg m def L.part P||person sg m||call 3sg pres I||fut||call 2sg pres I|
97 (a) [3:53] May God have mercy,’ and not ‘May you get five or six each
|God sg m||comp||acc m 3sg clt||forgive 3sg pres P||and||call 3sg pres I||not||thus adv||by||five||by||six|
98 (a) [3:56] So then he meets a wedding party, and said to them, “May God have mercy on them!
|and||meet 3sg pres I||wedding sg f def||God sg m||comp||acc 3pl clt||forgive 3sg pres P||again adv||dat 3pl clt||say sg m L.part I|
99 (a) [4:00] May God have mercy on them!”
|God sg m||comp||acc 3pl clt||forgive 3sg pres P|
100 (b) [4:01] "May God have mercy on you."
|God sg m||comp||acc 2pl clt||forgive 3sg pres P|
101 (a) [4:02] Uh huh.
102 (b) [4:02] “May God have mercy on you.”
|God sg m||comp||acc 2pl clt||forgive 3sg pres P|
103 (a) [4:03] And after that, these ones beat him up, and say, “When you see
|and||from.there adv||this sg n adj||again adv||acc m 3sg clt||beat 3pl pres I||when conj||fut||see 2sg pres P||call 3sg pres I|
104 (a) [4:07] such a situation, you should jump about and dance the horo.
|such sg f adj||thing sg f||fut||jump 2sg pres P||call 3sg pres I||round.dance sg n||fut||dance 2sg pres I|
105 (d) [4:10] The “ruchenitsa” (Balkan folk dance)
|ruchenitsa sg f|
106 (a) [laughter]
107 (a) [4:11] [unintelligible]
108 (d) [4:12] And you’ll strike the ground with your hat as you strike …
|and||dat refl clt||strike 2sg pres I||hat sg m def||against||ground sg f def||fut||strike 2sg pres I|
109 (a) [4:14] And –
110 (d) [4:14] … out the rŭchenitsa dance steps
|ruchenitsa sg f|
111 (d) [4:17] And then he meets a carriage with earthenware pots.
|meet 3sg pres I||one sg f adj||carriage sg f||with||pot pl n|
112 (b) [4:19] Ohhh!
113 (a) [4:21] There are these oxen pulling it–
|one pl adj||ox pl m||rel||acc m 3sg clt||pull 3pl pres I|
114 (a) [4:22] and these earthenware pots made – do you know what [such a] pot is?
|pot pl n||make pl P.part P||such pl adj||pot sg n||know 2sg pres I||what interr||3sg pres cop clt|
115 (RA) Yes, I know. I know.
|know 1sg pres I||know 1sg pres I|
116 (d) [4:25] And he began to jump!
|and||begin sg m L.part P||comp||jump 3sg I|
117 (a) [4:27] And he began to jump
|begin sg m L.part P||comp||jump 3sg I|
118 (a) [laughter]
119 (a) [4:28] and dance about, and these water buffaloes [sic] get frightened
|comp||dance 3sg pres I||frighten 3pl pres I||acc refl clt||this pl adj||water.buffalo pl m|
120 (d) [laughter]
121 (a) [4:30] and – and they break everything. They broke everything to pieces.
|and||and||break 3pl pres I||everything sg n adj||everything sg n adj||break pl L.part P|
122 (d) [laughter]
123 (a) [4:34] And they (the drivers of the carriage) beat him up and say to him …
|and||this pl adj||acc m 3sg clt||beat pl L.part P||and||dat m 3sg clt||say 3pl pres I|
124 (d) [4:37] [laughter] “Oh bull, oh bull of ours!”
|bull voc sg m||bull voc sg m||our sg m adj|
125 (a) [4:38] and say to him, “When you see,”
|and||dat m 3sg clt||say 3pl pres I||when conj||fut||see 2sg pres P|
126 (d) [4:38] [laughter]
127 (a) [4:39] they say, “such a situation, you should say, “Whoa, bull! Whoa, bull!” And
|say 3sg pres I||such sg f adj||thing sg f||fut||call 2sg pres I||hort||bull voc sg m||hort||bull voc sg m||call 3sg pres I|
128 (d) [4:43] [and] you’ll give him some grass.
|fut||dat m 3sg clt||give 2sg pres P||grass sg f|
129 (a) [4:44] And [then] he meets two ladies.
|and||meet 3sg pres I||two f||lady pl f|
130 (d) [4:47] Old women.
|old.woman pl f|
131 (a) [4:48] Ah – no!
132 (d) [4:50] Old women!
|old.woman pl f|
133 (a) [4:50] No, it’s not old women.
|neg||3sg pres cop clt||old.woman pl f|
134 (c) [4:51] Quiet, now.
|quiet adv||now adv|
135 (a) [4:52] Two …
136 (a) [laughter]
137 (b) [4:52] Listen now, Granny’s little one.
|listen sg imv I||now adv||grandmother voc sg f|
138 (a) [4:53] … two ladies, and he said to them “Whoa, bull! Whoa, bull!”
|two f||lady pl f||and||to||acc 3pl||dat 3pl clt||say sg m L.part P||hort||bull voc sg m||hort||bull voc sg m|
139 (a) [4:57] [laughter]
140 (b) [4:57] And they say to him, “Oh, you mustn’t talk like that.”
|and||this pl adj||dat m 3sg clt||say 3pl pres I||hes||fut neg||comp||say 2sg pres I||thus adv|
141 (a) [5:00] They say, “When you meet such ladies,” they say,
|disc||hes||call 3sg pres I||when conj||fut||meet 2sg pres P||such pl adj||lady pl f||call 3sg pres I|
142 (a) [5:03] you should bend down your head so they can groom you.
|fut||dat refl clt||lean.down 2sg pres P||call 3sg pres I||head sg f def||comp||dat 2sg clt||groom 3pl pres P|
143 (a) [5:06] to check [someone’s] head that there are no
|comp||dat m 3sg clt||groom 3pl pres I||head sg f def||comp||pres neg exist|
144 (b) [5:09] “voshki” (lice)
|louse pl f|
145 (a) [5:10] … “voshki”.”
|louse pl f|
146 (c) [5:11] [That’s] “vŭshki” (the word for “lice” in standard speech).
|louse pl f|
147 (a) [5:11] And he went on, he went on, and …
|and||this sg m adj||go sg m L.part I||go sg m L.part I||again|
148 (b) [5:13] [Here] we say “voshki” and not “vɤshki”.
|louse pl f||acc refl clt||call 3sg pres I||not||louse pl f|
149 (a) [5:15] … he meets …
|meet 3sg pres I|
150 (RA) [In] old-time [speech]
151 (b) [5:16] [It’s] “voshki”.
|louse pl f|
152 (RA) [Yes,] “voshki” –
|louse pl f|
153 (a) [5:17] … meets …
|meet 3sg pres I|
154 (RA) “voshki” is [the] old-time [way to say it].
|louse pl f||3sg pres cop clt||old.time sg n adj|
155 (a) [5:18] … meets some …
|meet 3sg pres I||one pl adj|
156 (b) [5:18] In the old days [it was] “voshki”.
|old sg n adj||time sg n||louse pl f|
157 (a) [5:20] .. some dogs that were tearing at each other’s throats, and he hurt his head –
|one pl adj||dog pl n||rel||acc refl clt||strangle 3pl pres I||injure sg m L.part P||dat refl clt||head sg f def||there adv|
158 (a) [5:23] he’d gone so mad as to think the dogs could search for lice.
|nom m 3sg||already adv||go.mad sg m L.part P||this sg m adj||comp||dat m 3sg clt||search 3pl pres I||dog pl n def||louse pl f|
159 (a) [5:28] They went after him, surrounded him, tried to strangle him, and bloodied him up good.
|go pl L.part P||defend pl L.part P||acc m 3sg clt||strangle pl L.part P||acc m 3sg clt||make pl L.part P||acc m 3sg clt||whole sg m adj||blood sg f|
160 (a) [5:31] And some other villagers there tell him “When you see," they say,
|and||say 3sg pres I||dat m 3sg clt||one pl adj||there adv||other pl adj||villager pl m||when conj||see 2sg pres P||call 3sg pres I|
161 (a) [5:35] "such a situation, take up a club and beat [them]!” they say. “Beat these dogs!"
|such sg f adj||thing sg f||take pl imv P||one sg f adj||club sg f||strike sg imv P||call 3sg pres I||strike sg imv P||on||this pl adj||dog pl n|
162 (a) [5:39] And further on [down the road] he came into some village,
|and||more||there adv||in||some sg n adj||village sg n||already||enter sg m L.part P|
163 (a) [5:42] [and there were] some children playing in the sand there.
|one pl adj||child pl n||in||sand sg m||dat refl clt||play 3pl pres I||there adv|
164 (a) [5:44] [So] he took up a club and [gave] several beatings to these children.
|take sg m L.part P||one sg f adj||club sg f||one pl adj||beating pl m||to||this pl adj||child pl n|
165 (d) [5:48] [laughter]
166 (a) [5:48] He beat them with the club. Out came their fathers and their mothers
|with||this sg f adj||club sg f||beat sg m L.part I||acc 3pl clt||go.out pl L.part P||father pl m def||dat 3pl clt||and||and||mother pl f def|
167 (d) [5:52] [laughter]
168 (a) [5:52] and once more he got a beating. They said, “When you see such a situation,
|again adv||acc m 3sg clt||beat pl L.part P||call 3pl pres I||when conj||see 2sg pres P||such sg f adj||thing sg f|
169 (a) [5:58] give each one a nickel,” they said. “Why are you beating them?”
|give sg imv P||dat 3pl clt||by||one sg n adj||nickel sg n||call 3sg pres I||call 3sg pres I||why interr||acc 3pl clt||beat 2sg pres I|
170 (a) [5:58] So he gave these children each – ah no! Then he met a sow
|give sg m L.part P||to||this pl adj||child pl n||by||one sg n adj||adrs||no||meet sg m L.part P||one sg f adj||sow sg f||there adv|
171 (d) [6:04] [laughter]
172 (b) [6:05] A “prase” (pig), as they call it. [This one is] a mother with small piglets.
|pig sg n||rel||acc n 3sg clt||call 3pl pres I||
[ … ]
||mother f sg||with||small pl adj||piglet pl n|
173 (d) [6:09] Oink, oink!
174 (a) [6:09] “Svine” (pigs), “svine”.
|pig sg n||pig sg n|
175 (b) [6:09] “Svine” (pigs), “svine”.
|pig sg n||pig sg n|
176 (a) [6:10] [So] what should he do [with] the piglets?
|what interr||comp||do 3sg pres I||piglet pl n def|
177 (b) [6:10] [That’s] old, the old [way to say] pigs.
|old sg n adj||by||old sg n def adj||pig sg n|
178 (a) [6:11] So he gave them each a nickel, and the sow said “Oink, oink” –
|give sg m L.part P||dat 3pl clt||by||one sg n adj||nickel sg n||and||sow sg f def||call sg f L.part I||oink||oink|
179 (a) [6:15] you know, she says “grokh” (= “oink”).
|interr||nom f 3sg||say.oink 3sg pres I|
180 (a) [laughter]
181 (a) [6:17] So he said, “I don’t have nickels to give you,
|disc||nom m 3sg||say sg m L.part P||nom 1sg||not.have 1sg pres I||nickel sg n||comp||dat 2sg clt||give 1sg pres P|
182 (a) [6:20] so how could I give you groshes?!” ( = coins of much larger value)
|disc||fut||comp||give 1sg pres P||grosh.coin pl m||call 3sg pres I|
183 (d) [6:22] [laughter] Go on!
184 (a) [6:23] And that’s all. [laughter]
|and||so.much adv||3sg pres cop clt|
185 (d) [6:25] No, there’s more.
|no||pres exist||and||still adv|
186 (g) [6:26] He kicked it and ran off home.
|kick sg m L.part P||acc m 3sg clt||and||dat refl clt||run sg m L.part I||home adv|
187 (a) [6:28] No, that’s [all there is].
|no||this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt|
188 (d) [6:28] Eh –
189 (b) [6:28] Tsk tsk.
190 (d) [6:30] But we have it [in] a book
|but||nom 1pl||acc n 3sg clt||have 1pl pres I||book sg f|
191 (a) [6:31] Maybe, maybe it’s in a book. [But] I know it like this.
|can pres imprs||can pres imprs||in||book sg f||comp||3sg pres cop clt||nom 1sg||thus adv||acc n 3sg clt||know 1sg pres I|
192 (a) [6:34] I haven’t read it in a book.
|neg||1sg pres aux clt||acc n 3sg clt||read sg f L.part.impf I||from||book sg f|
193 (RA) Eh, that’s how I wanted it. Not from a book, but from –
|disc||thus adv||want 1sg impf I||not||from||book sg f||but||from||hes|
194 (a) [6:38] That’s it. That’s the way I know it.
|thus adv||3sg pres cop clt||nom 1sg||thus adv||acc m 3sg clt||know 1sg pres I|
195 (b) [6:40] The way we heard it [from] our grandmothers and grandfathers as they told [it].
|how conj||1pl pres aux clt||acc f 3sg clt||listen pl L.part I||grandmother pl f||grandfather pl m||when conj||3pl pres aux clt||tell pl L.part I|
196 (RA) [Now] will you tell me yours, your [story] that was different?
|and||fut||dat 1sg clt||tell 2sg pres P||and||your sg f adj||your sg f def adj||which sg f rel adj||3sg impf cop||other sg f adj|
197 (a) [6:53] [Yes,] you tell another story!
|say sg imv P||nom 2sg||
||tale sg f def||other sg f adj|
198 (b) [6:56] I don’t have any stories [to tell].
|nom 1sg||not.have 1sg pres I||tale pl f|
199 (a) [6:57] Granny Bozha, are you leaving?
|grandmother sg f||Bozha name voc sg f||run 2sg pres I|
200 (c) [6:59] I’m going to go out.
|outsite adv||fut||go.out 1sg pres P|
201 (b) [7:00] I’ll tell [one] to the kids. Do you know the one about the wheel wheeling?
|fut||tell 1sg pres P||to||child pl n def||disc||know 2sg pres I||interr clt||acc f 3sg clt||this sg f adj||disc||wheel sg n||by||wheel sg n|
202 (b) [7:06] “Oh wheel, in your wheeling, what road did you travel down?”
|disc||wheel sg n||by||wheel sg n||where interr||2sg pres aux clt||road sg m||travel sg n L.part I|
203 (a) [laughter]
204 (b) [7:13] "Along Granny’s paths.” “Where are Granny’s paths?"
|by||old.woman's pl adj||path pl f||where interr||3pl pres cop clt||old.woman's pl adj||path pl f|
205 (b) [7:12] “They’re overgrown with grass.” “Where is the grass?”
|grass sg f||3sg pres aux clt||overgrow sg n L.part P||where interr||3sg pres cop clt||grass sg f def|
206 (b) [7:19] "The ox has grazed it all away.” “Where is the ox?” “[In] the wheat.”
|ox sg m def||acc f 3sg clt||hes||graze 3sg aor P||where interr||3sg pres cop clt||ox sg m def||wheat sg f def|
207 (b) [7:22] "Where is the wheat?” Uh – uh – “The little dove pecked it all away.”
|where interr||3sg pres cop clt||wheat sg f def||hes||hes||dove sg n def||acc f 3sg clt||peck 3sg aor P|
208 (b) [7:26] “Where is the little dove?” “[It’s] in the small oak tree.”
|where interr||3sg pres cop clt||dove sg n def||in||oak.tree sg f def|
209 (b) [7:28] “Where is the small oak tree?” “The ax has cut it down.”
|where interr||3sg pres cop clt||oak.tree sg f def||ax sg f def||acc f 3sg clt||cut.down 3sg aor P|
210 (b) [7:32] “Where is the ax?” “At the blacksmith’s”. “Where is the blacksmith?”
|where interr||3sg pres cop clt||ax sg f def||at||blacksmith sg m def||where interr||3sg pres cop clt||blacksmith sg m def|
211 (b) [7:35] “In the bellows”. “Where are the bellows?” “The moths have eaten them up.”
|in||bellows sg f def||where interr||3sg pres cop clt||bellows sg f def||moth pl f def||acc f 3sg clt||eat 3pl aor P|
212 (b) [7:38] “Where are the moths?” “The brood-hen flew off [with them].”
|where interr||3pl pres cop clt||moth pl f def||brood.hen sg f def||fly.away 3sg aor P|
213 (b) [7:40] “Where is the brood-hen?” “The fox carried her off.” “Where is the fox?”
|where interr||3sg pres cop clt||brood.hen sg f def||fox sg f def||acc f 3sg clt||carry.off 3sg aor P||where interr||3sg pres cop clt||fox sg f def|
214 (b) [7:43] “In its den.” “Where is its den?” “The plow plowed it under.”
|in||burrow sg f def||where interr||3sg pres cop clt||burrow sg f def||plow sg n def||acc f 3sg clt||plow 3sg aor P|
215 (b) [7:46] “Where is the plow?” “The fire burned it up. It’s turned to ash.
|where interr||3sg pres cop clt||plow sg n def||fire sg m def||acc n 3sg clt||burn 3sg aor P||to||ash sg m||become 3sg aor P|
216 (b) [7:50] The south wind came and carried it off.”
|come 3sg aor P||south sg m def||carry.off 3sg aor P||acc n 3sg clt|
217 (a) [laughter] And [that’s] the end.
|and||end sg m|
218 (b) [7:57] That’s how our grandmothers told it to us.
|thus adv||dat 1pl clt||3pl pres aux clt||to||acc 1pl||say pl L.part P||grandmother pl f def|
219 (a) Huh, huh, huh!
220 (b) [7:59] And [how] I remembered it.
|and||nom 1sg||this sg n adj||1sg pres aux clt||memorize sg f L.part P|