1 (GK) Did you go to school?
|to||school sg n||go sg f L.part I||interr clt||2sg pres aux clt|
2 (a) [0:06] Just barely.
3 (GK) Through which grade? Third? Fourth?
|to||which sg n interr adj||grade sg n||third sg n adj||fourth sg n adj|
4 (a) [0:09] [I] didn’t [even get to] fourth, I didn’t [get to] fourth.
|impf neg exist||and||fourth sg n adj||impf neg exist||and||fourth sg n adj|
5 (GK) [Through] third grade, then.
|mean 3sg pres I||third sg n adj||grade sg n|
6 (a) [0:15] Yes.
7 (GK) Aha.
8 (a) [0:16] [Just] enough to keep my eyes open.
|how.much||comp||neg||keep.eyes.shut 1sg pres I|
9 (GK) [laughter]
10 (a) [0:22] Back then there was livestock, dear one – livestock. They didn’t send you
|then adv||3sg impf cop||livestock sg f||dear sg n adj||livestock sg f||exist impf||neither||acc 2sg clt||send 3pl pres I|
11 (a) [0:26] to school. And from the school came a red notice (warning of a fine):
|to||school sg n||from||school sg n def||come 3sg pres P||red sg n adj||notice sg n|
12 (a) [0:30] “Tomorrow you must appear!” [But] they didn’t let me go,
|tomorrow adv||comp||acc refl clt||appear 2sg pres P||acc 1sg||acc 1sg clt||neg||allow 3pl pres I|
13 (a) [0:33] because the livestock had to be let out. The next day again a notice,
|must pres imprs||comp||acc refl clt||allow 3pl pres I||livestock sg f def||other sg m adj||day sg m||again adv||send 3pl pres P||notice sg n|
14 (a) [0:38] and I go there [long enough] for them to note down that I had appeared,
|and||nom 1sg||go 1sg pres P||there adv||comp||record 3pl pres P||that conj||1sg pres aux clt||acc refl clt||appear sg f L.part P|
15 (a) [0:41] and – and only that.
16 (GK) And you were absent the whole week.
|entire sg f adj||week sg f||again adv||acc 2sg clt||pres neg exist|
17 (a) [0:44] That’s all [there was]. Either once or twice in a week.
|so.much adv||so.much adv||in||week sg f def||either||two m||time pl m||either||one sg m adj||time m|
18 (RA) [laughter]
19 (a) [0:50] That’s it!
|thus adv||3sg pres cop clt|
20 (GK) Just enough for there not to be a “red notice”.
|how.much rel||comp||pres neg exist||red sg n adj||notice sg n|
21 (a) [0:52] [Just] so much – to be no red notice. Yes. What can we do? And we’ve gotten old.
|so.much adv||red sg n adj||notice sg n||comp||pres neg exist||disc||what interr||comp||do 1pl pres I||and||get.old 1pl aor P|
22 (a) [0:59] We’ve lost the ability to cope. I can’t carry water [any more], I can’t
|lose.ability 1pl aor P||neg||can 1sg pres I||water sg f||comp||dat refl clt||carry 1sg pres P||neg||can 1sg pres I|
23 (a) [1:04] chop wood [any more], I can’t bring it (the wood) in, [I have to do it]
|wood pl n||comp||dat refl clt||chop 1sg pres I||neg||can 1sg pres I||comp||acc 3pl clt||bring 1sg pres P|
24 (a) [1:08] by [taking] breaks, with breaks.
|on||rest pl f||on||rest pl f|
25 (b) [1:11] What's he doing?
|what interr||do 3sg pres I|
26 (a) [1:12] Come on over! Come here, come here, come here, come here.
|come sg imv P||adrs||come sg imv P||come sg imv P||come sg imv P||come sg imv P|
27 (b) [1:13] I can’t –
|neg||can 1sg pres I||comp|
28 (a) [1:14] Come here! Come ...
|come sg imv P||come sg imv P|
29 (b) [1:16] [unintelligible]
30 (a) [1:17] … and meet these people here.
|acquaint sg imv P||acc refl clt||here adv||with||this pl adj||people pl|
31 (b) [1:19] What have they come here [to do]?
|nom m 3pl||after||what interr||go 3pl pres I|
32 (a) [1:21] Well, they’ll tell you.
|disc||disc||nom 3pl||fut||dat 2sg clt||say 3pl pres P|
33 (b) [1:23] Well, they shouldn’t come here among us …
|disc||comp||neg||come 3pl pres I||by||acc 1pl|
34 (a) [1:24] Why?
35 (GK) What [do you mean,] why?
|what interr||why interr|
36 (b) [1:26] … to ask for money!
|money pl.t||comp||seek 3pl pres I|
37 (a) [1:27] No!
38 (GK) Hah!
39 (a) [1:28] [laughter] They’re only recording something, they’re not asking for money.
|only adv||here adv||record 3pl pres I||something sg n||pres neg exist||neg||seek 3pl pres I||money pl.t|
40 (GK) [We’ve come] to chat. Who, what –
|for||story sg f def||who sg m interr||which sg n interr adj|
41 (RA) To chat.
|for||story sg f def|
42 (GK) We’re looking for stories.
|seek 1pl pres I||story pl f def|
43 (a) [1:36] For tales.
|for||story pl f|
44 (b) [1:37] Ah, for tales.
|excl||story pl f|
45 (a) Tales.
|story pl f|
46 (b) [1:38] But we don’t know [any] tales.
|but||nom 1pl||no||neg||know 1pl pres I||story pl f|
47 (a) [1:40] Ah, you know, first name, last name –
|disc||name sg n||surname sg n|
48 (b) [1:42] We don’t know –
|neg||know 1pl pres I|
49 (RA) We’re just [here] to chat.
|only adv||comp||chat 1pl pres I|
50 (GK) We’re just [here] to talk, you know? We’re not looking for anything else.
|only adv||comp||dat refl clt||speak 1pl pres I||adrs||nothing sg n||other sg n adj||neg||seek 1pl pres I|
51 (b) [1:45] I – I took fright because …
|nom 1sg||acc refl clt||nom 1sg||acc refl clt||take.fright 1sg aor P||because|
52 (a) [1:47] Ah, no.
53 (b) [1:47] … just now …
54 (a) [1:48] [laughter]
55 (b) [1:48] … they are coming around for water, for taxes …
|come 3pl pres I||for||water sg f||for||tax pl m|
56 (a) [1:49] [Ah,] [laughter] those ones haven’t come yet.
|pres neg exist||acc 3pl clt||still adv|
57 (b) [1:51] … for electricity and such, and so I said “Oh God, now
|for||such pl m adj||for||current sg m||and||therefore adv||say 1sg pres I||God voc sg m||and||now adv|
58 (b) [1:55] [when] we’re at the end of our money.
|at||end sg m def||already adv||to||money pl.t def|
59 (a) [laughter]
60 (GK) [laughter]
61 (RA) [No,] simply for words.
|simply adv||for||word pl f|
62 (b) [1:59] Ah.
63 (RA) We came for words. [laughter]
|for||word pl f||come 1pl aor P|
64 (b) [2:00] Well, I just – you were just saying – and we pensioners don’t have any,
|disc||nom 1sg||and||only adv||just adv||say 2sg pres I||and||not.have 1pl pres I||nom 1pl||pensioner pl m def|
65 (b) [2:04] and that’s why they’re afraid
|and||therefore adv||acc refl clt||fear 3pl pres I|
66 (GK) Eh –
67 (b) [2:08] I see [people] over here recording [something], and how am I to know?
|look 1sg pres I||here adv||record 3pl pres I||from||where interr||know 1sg pres I|
68 (a) [2:08] They’re recording. They recorded my names, they’re recording speech – how we talk.
|record 3sg pres I||name pl n def||dat 1sg clt||record 3pl aor P||dialect sg m def||record 3pl pres I||how interr||speak 1pl pres I|
69 (b) [2:13] Well, nobody –
|disc||and||nobody sg m|
70 (GK) How people talk in your village.
|how interr||acc refl clt||speak 3sg pres I||in||your sg n adj||village sg n|
71 (a) [2:15] How one talks [here].
|how interr||acc refl clt||speak 3sg pres I|
72 (b) [2:16] Oh, well, then –
73 (GK) Come over [and join] us, then!
|come sg imv P||by||acc 1pl||adrs|
74 (b) [2:19] What?
75 (GK) Come on over [and join] us!
|come sg imv P||by||acc 1pl|
76 (RA) Come here, come here!
|come sg imv P||come sg imv P|
77 (a) [2:21] [She], the comrade is not –
|comrade sg f def||neg||3sg pres cop clt|
78 (RA) I am from America.
|nom 1sg||1sg pres cop clt||from||America sg f place|
79 (a) [2:24] She’s from America …
|from||America sg f place||3sg pres cop clt|
80 (GK) She’s come all the way from America.
|from||America sg f place||even adv||3sg pres aux clt||come sg f L.part P|
81 (RA) I came from America to write down your dialect.
|from||America sg f place||come 1sg aor P||comp||dat 2pl clt||write 1sg pres I||dialect sg m def|
82 (a) [2:28] … and is recording –
|and||record 3sg pres I|
83 (b) [2:29] I’ll come. [But first I must] go to the store to check on something
|fut||come 1sg pres P||nom 1sg||comp||go 1sg pres P||to||small.store sg n def||here adv||something sg n||comp||look 1sg pres I|
84 (b) [2:31] and I’ll be right back.
|and||immediately adv||fut||acc refl clt||return 1sg pres P|
85 (GK) Go off then. (So –] in the old days, did you care for the livestock alone?
|hort||hort||run sg imv I||one sg n adj||time sg n||one sg n adj||time sg n||livestock sg f def||alone pl adj||dat refl clt||acc f 3sg clt||tend 2pl impf I|
86 (a) [2:39] [All] alone.
|alone pl adj|
87 (GK) What kind of livestock?
|what.kind sg f adj||livestock sg f|
88 (a) [2:41] Sheep, goats, pigs, cattle, horses – everything. We were all in one house –
|sheep pl f||goat pl f||pig pl f||cattle pl n||horse pl m||everything sg n adj||in||one f sg adj||house sg f||1pl impf cop|
89 (a) [2:50] three families. There were fifteen of us children.
|three||family pl n||1pl impf cop||fifteen||child pl n|
90 (GK) Um hm.
91 (a) [2:54] “You [go] with the goats, you [go] with the pigs, you [go] with the oxen,
|nom 2sg||with||goat pl f def||nom 2sg||with||pig pl f def||nom 2sg||with||ox pl m def|
92 (a) [2:58] you [go] with the horses” – and that’s it.
|nom 2sg||with||horse pl m def||and||this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt|
93 (GK) and –
94 (a) [3:01] And everyone knew: you get up in the morning, a piece of bread in your bag,
|and||each sg m adj||dat refl clt||know 3sg pres I||morning sg f||when conj||arise 3sg pres P||small.piece sg n def||bread sg m||in||small.bag sg n def|
95 (a) [3:09] and off you go! Today there’s no coming back home [until you’re done].
|and||depart sg imv I||today adv||return vbl.n I||to.home adv||pres neg exist|
96 (GK) All day long.
|entire sg m adj||day sg m|
97 (a) [3:14] All day long. Either there’s a bit of water somewhere to drink, or there isn’t.
|entire sg m adj||day sg m||either||pres exist||water sg f||somewhere adv||comp||drink 2sg pres P||either||pres neg exist|
98 (a) [3:20] [If the latter] you’d [just] endure. That’s how it was.
|fut||endure 2sg pres I||thus adv||3sg impf cop|
99 (GK) Didn’t you have something – [some] little pots – to put a bit of water in
|not.have 2pl impf I||interr clt||something sg n||comp||dat refl clt||small.pot pl f||comp||dat refl clt||put 2pl pres P||water sg f|
100 (GK) to carry it [with] you?
|comp||dat refl clt||carry 2sg pres I|
101 (a) [3:27] Well, we carried it, but in this heat it would get all hot but
|disc||nom 1pl||carry 1pl pres P||but||in||this sg f adj||heat sg f||nom f 3sg||become 3sg pres P||heat sg f P.part I||but|
102 (a) [3:33] we drank [anyway]. What else to do? We’d take a bottle or so each, but – [sigh]
|drink 1pl pres I||what interr||comp||do 2sg pres I||take 1pl pres P||by||some sg n adj||small.bottle sg n||but|
103 (GK) It was hard then, right?
|difficult adv||3sg pres aux clt||be sg n L.part||then adv||mean 3sg pres I|
104 (a) [3:43] Back then when we were able, it seems to me
|then adv||when conj||can 1pl impf I||seem 3sg pres I||dat 1sg clt||acc refl clt|
105 (a) [3:46] that I didn’t have it so hard Now is [when] it’s hard for me! [laughter]
|neg||dat 1sg clt||3sg impf cop||
||and||so.much adv||difficult adv||now adv||dat 1sg clt||3sg pres cop clt||difficult adv|
106 (GK) [laughter]
107 (a) [3:50] Because I can’t – I can’t – Well look, here’s the garden: we’ve no water.
|because||neg||can 1sg pres I||neg||can 1sg pres I||ost||acc n 3sg clt||here adv||garden sg f||water sg f||not.have 1pl pres I|
108 (a) [3:58] All summer long, they’ve let water out of the reservoir [just] three times:
|entire sg n def adj||summer sg n||3sg pres cop clt||release sg f P.part P||this sg f adj||water sg f||from||reservoir sg m||three||time pl m|
109 (a) [4:03] on the twenty-fifth, on the twenty-fifth, and now it’ll happen
|twenty||and||fifth sg m adj||twenty||and||fifth sg m adj||disc||and||now adv||fut||become 3sg pres P|
110 (a) [4:06] on the twenty-fifth if they let it out. So [all] we [can do] is ask someone
|twenty||and||fifth sg m adj||if conj||acc f 3sg clt||release 3pl pres P||and||comp||acc refl clt||pray 1pl pres I||to||this sg m adj|
111 (a) [4:10] to give you a plastic canister of water for drinking.
|comp||dat 2sg clt||give 3sg pres P||one f sg adj||canister sg f||water sg f||for||drink vbl.n I|
112 (a) [4:13] I just went to another neighbor, and got a canister of drinking [water],
|ost||now adv||go 1sg aor P||to||other sg m def adj||neighbor sg m||bring 1sg aor P||in||one f sg adj||canister sg f||for||drink vbl.n I|
113 (a) [4:18] but there’s nothing for washing or for cooking, I can’t carry it.
|but||for||wash vbl.n I||for||cook vbl.n I||pres neg exist||neg||can 1sg pres I||comp||carry 1sg pres I|
114 (a) [4:21] If the children come, they bring [water] in buckets or whatever, [and]
|come 3pl pres P||interr clt||child pl n def||bring 3pl pres P||in||bucket pl f||in||such sg n adj|
115 (a) [4:27] set things up. But it runs out when you are constantly washing your hands,
|prepare 3pl pres P||here adv||but||acc refl clt||finish 3sg pres P||when conj||constantly adv||hand pl f def||comp||dat refl clt||wash 2sg pres P|
116 (a) [4:30] [or] washing the pot. From morning on, a person needs to make things.
|pot sg f def||comp||wash 2sg pres P||disc||from||morning sg f def||something sg n||comp||make 3sg pres P||person sg m|
117 (a) [4:34] Food, for instance – don’t you need water for [all this]?
|food sg n||interr clt||all.the.time adv||with||water sg f||must pres imprs|
118 (GK) Umhm.
119 (a) [4:38] It won't [happen] without water. The wells are all dried up –
|not.want 3sg pres||without||water sg f||well pl m||dry.up 3pl aor P|
120 (GK) Huh.
121 (a) [4:42] Oh and the neighbors here! Never [before] has the well dried up.
|excl||ost||here adv||neighbor pl m def||never adv||neg||3sg impf cop||dry.up sg m||well sg m def|
122 (a) [4:48] Now when the bucket [descends] it lies flat, there’s only what it scoops up.
|now adv||when conj||[...]||
||lie.down 3sg pres P||bucket sg f def||how.much rel||scoop.up 3sg pres P||so.much adv|
123 (a) [4:51] And if you shake it [at all] it gets all cloudy, and that’s [all] there is.
|if conj||acc f 3sg clt||shake 2sg pres P||cloudy sg f adj||become 3sg pres P||and||nom sg n||this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt|
124 (a) [4:55] And [others] gave up [their] gardens, they gave up everything.
|relinquish 3pl aor P||and||garden sg f||relinquish 3pl aor P||and||everything sg n adj|
125 (GK) But I look around here and I see that you’ve planted something anyway.
|but||nom 2sg||look 1sg pres I||rather adv||here adv||2sg pres aux clt||
||plant sg f L.part.impf P||2sg pres aux clt||something sg n|
126 (a) [5:00] Well yes, we planted – planting [is one thing]. And just now some rain came
|disc||nom 1pl||plant 1pl aor P||for||plant vbl.n I||and||now adv||rain sg m def||when conj||rain 3sg aor P|
127 (a) [5:04] so things just now bloomed.
|ost||acc n 3sg clt||now adv||acc refl clt||bloom 3sg aor P|
128 (GK) Mm hm.
129 (a) [5:05] [But] it bloomed [just in time] for the frost! Up till now we haven’t picked
|now adv||bloom 3sg pres I||for||frost sg f def||and||to||now adv||neg||1pl pres aux clt||pluck pl m pres I|
130 (a) [5:09] even a tiny little pepper to see what it was like. No. It’s all dried out.
|ost||so.much sg f adj||small.pepper sg f||comp||see 1pl pres P||what.kind sg f adj||3sg pres cop clt||no||3sg impf cop||dry.out sg n|
131 (a) [5:13] I go look at it and then come back and sit here and say “Why?
|when conj||acc n 3sg clt||look 1sg pres P||and||acc refl clt||return 1sg pres P||here adv||and||sit.down 1sg pres P||say 1sg pres I||why interr|
132 (a) [5:18] Didn’t I make a nice bed? [Put in] nice seedlings?” We planted it –
|planting.bed sg f||make 1sg aor P||nice sg f adj||seedling sg m||nice sg m adj||plant 1pl aor P||acc m 3sg clt|
133 (a) [5:22] there was water then, when we planted it. And I dug it once,
|exist impf||then adv||water sg f||when conj||acc m 3sg clt||plant 1pl aor P||and||acc m 3sg clt||dig 1sg aor P||one sg m adj||time m|
134 (a) [5:27] and then the water said, “The end! The end, and [again] the end.”
|water f def sg||say 3sg aor P||end sg m||and||end sg m||and||end sg m||and|
135 (GK) And there was no rain.
|and||rain sg m||impf neg exist|
136 (a) [5:31] And there was no rain, the fountains had no water. No rain, nothing.
|and||rain sg m||aor neg exist||and||fountain pl f def||water sg f||not.have 3pl impf I||rain sg m||aor neg exist||at.all|
137 (a) [5:36] Nothing – nothing, nothing, nothing. There was nothing at all.
|at.all||at.all||at.all||at.all||at.all||at.all||impf neg exist|
138 (GK) Everything’s O.K. Everything’s O.K. [sigh]
|everything sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||in.order adv||everything sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||in.order adv|
139 (RA) Well, it is really hard without rain.
|disc||difficult adv||3sg pres cop clt||without||rain sg m|
140 (a) [5:47] Ah, how could it not be? My daughter, who lives in northern Bulgaria –
|excl||how interr||neg||and||daughter sg f def||rel||3sg pres cop clt||in||northern sg f adj||Bulgaria sg f place|
141 (a) [5:52] maybe you’ve heard of Gulyantsi in the Pleven region?
|if conj||2pl pres aux clt||hear pl L.part P||Gulyantsi pl place||Pleven sg n adj|
142 (GK) Uh huh.
143 (a) [5:58] She called once and said that she used to bring in the corn that tall.
|one sg m adj||time m||acc refl clt||call 3sg aor I||say 3sg aor P||corn pl f||there adv||bring 3sg impf I||ost||such pl f adj||ost|
144 (RA) Hm.
145 (a) [6:02] But now, she said, the harvesters just started to reap
|now adv||call 3sg pres I||harvester pl m def||take 3pl aor P||comp||reap 3pl pres I|
146 (a) [6:04] [only] the stalks, without- without the corncobs.
|corn.stalk pl f def||without||without||corncob pl f|
147 (GK) Ah, right.
148 (a) [6:09] Nothing! Not for a pig nor for any livestock. Nothing!
|at.all||pres neg exist||neither||for||pig sg n||neither||for||for||no.sort sg f adj||livestock sg f||pres neg exist|
149 (GK) Um hm.
150 (a) [6:18] Hey Rachka! Where did you go?
|Rachka sg f name||where interr||go 2sg aor I||nom 2sg||adrs|