1 (b) [0:01] [I’ll tell you about how] I went out to plow. When I was little
|nom 1sg||1sg pres aux clt||
||go sg f L.part I||comp||plow 1sg pres I||and||1sg pres aux clt||be sg f L.part||little sg f adj|
2 (b) [0:04] I was left without my father at a year and a half,
|1sg pres aux clt||remain sg f L.part P||from||my sg m def adj||father sg m||orphan sg n||at||year sg f||and||half sg f|
3 (b) [0:07] and my mother was compelled to make a second official marriage,
|and||my sg f def adj||mother sg f||acc f 3sg clt||force 3pl pres I||still||one sg m adj||time sg m||comp||acc f 3sg clt||wed 3pl pres I|
4 (b) [0:10] because her father had no boys. There were no boys. So I grew up,
|because||not.have 3pl pres I||boy pl n||father sg m||dat f 3sg clt||pres neg exist||boy pl n||and||grow 1sg aor P||nom 1sg|
5 (b) [0:14] and reached eight or nine. And I had a grandfather who was fifty years old.
|and||become 1sg aor P||to||eight||nine||year pl f||grandfather sg m||have 1sg impf I||at||fifty||year pl f|
6 (b) [0:18] My stepfather had a brother, and [these] two brothers married two sisters,
|father sg m||dat 1sg clt||repeater sg m def||still||one sg m adj||brother sg m||lead 3pl impf I||two f||sister pl f||and||two m an.num||brother pl m|
7 (b) [0:23] and we all lived in the same house. I don’t remember my stepfather coming
|in||one sg f adj||house sg f||live 1pl impf I||nom 1sg||neg||remember 1sg aor P||my sg m def adj||stepfather sg m||comp||come 3sg pres P|
8 (b) [0:27] to say, “Child, time to go out,” or, when you could see the weather [would go bad],
|comp||say 3sg pres P||son voc sg m||adrs||go sg imv I||and||when conj||see 2sg pres P||weather sg n def|
9 (b) [0:31] “Go get the oxen and bring them back.” No, nothing like that ever happened.
|ox pl m def||gather sg imv P||and||acc 3pl clt||drive sg imv P||pres neg exist||such sg n adj||thing sg n|
10 (b) [0:34] And uncle, now – uncle would relieve me from [some of the work] with the oxen.
|disc||fut||come 3sg pres P||uncle sg m||dat 1sg clt||uncle sg m||nom m 3sg||fut||acc 1sg clt||relieve 3sg pres P||from||ox pl m def|
11 (b) [0:38] When he saw bad weather coming, he would meet me [as I returned] from the field.
|nom m 3sg||when conj||see 3sg pres P||bad sg n adj||weather sg n||fut||come 3sg pres P||comp||acc 1sg clt||meet 3sg pres P||from||field sg f|
12 (b) [0:42] Once [when] I was out in the pasture, tending two water buffaloes and three oxen,
|somewhere||1sg pres cop clt||on||pasture sg f||two||water.buffalo ct m||and||and||three||ox ct m||keep 1sg impf I|
13 (b) [0:46] the water buffaloes would first enter the puddle, then the oxen would go crazy
|what sg n interr||fut||most||in.front adv||water.buffalo pl m def||go.in 3pl pres I||in||puddle sg f def||ox pl m def||
||go.mad 3pl pres I|
14 (b) [0:51] and run around the field (we had a lot of pastureland then, not plowed like now).
|run 3pl pres I||around||field sg m def||then adv||impf exist||pastureland pl n||many adv||exist impf neg||plow sg n P.part P||like||now adv|
15 (b) [0:56] When we take them further away, there’s this ten-hectare area
|when conj||acc 3pl clt||drive 1pl pres P||beyond adv||what sg n interr||pres exist||hundred||decare ct m|
16 (b) [0:59] that we call “svat”, a marshland. I would lie in this tall strong grass, “belizma”
|say 1pl pres I||dat m 3sg clt||rel||3sg pres cop clt||marshland sg m||tall.grass sg f||to||here adv||lie.down sg f L.part P||1sg pres aux clt|
17 (b) [1:04] and make ropes of it, and play. Five or six of us girls make ropes
|and||acc refl clt||tie 1pl pres P||play 1pl pres I||dat refl clt||make 1pl pres I||rope sg n||fut||acc refl clt||five||six||girl pl n|
18 (b) [1:10] and play. What would we play? [Sometimes] we had the idea to pretend to be brides.
|and||play 1pl pres I||what sg n interr||play 1pl pres I||come 3sg pres P||dat 1pl clt||mind sg m def||comp||acc refl clt||do 1pl pres I||to||bride pl f|
19 (b) [1:13] We cover our heads and get pretty, but now there’s no bridegrooms –
|cover.head 1pl pres I||acc refl clt||and||acc refl clt||[...]||smooth.out 1pl pres I||but||now adv||bridegroom pl m||neg exist|
20 (b) [1:18] the boys don’t want to, it doesn’t suit them. We’ll start to play
|neg||want 3pl pres||and||boy pl n||neg||dat m 3sg clt||match 3pl pres I||fut||begin 1pl pres P||comp||play 1pl pres I|
21 (b) [1:22] [a game] where, having sat down we spread our legs, and begin
|to||where rel||how interr||1pl pres aux clt||sit.down pl L.part P||fut||dat refl clt||spread 1pl pres P||leg pl m def||and||begin 1pl pres I|
22 (b) [1:25] to jump over one another. No underpants, nothing. When you jump,
|ahead adv||fut||jump.over 1pl pres I||neg exist||pants pl.t||exist neg||nothing sg n||when conj||jump 2sg pres P|
23 (b) [1:29] you’re naked up to here. That sort of thing doesn’t happen now.
|to||here adv||acc refl clt||become.naked 3sg pres I||where interr||now adv||such sg n adj||thing sg n||neg exist|
24 (b) [1:33] Finally I got to be big. And my grandfather was struggling
|and||most||at||later adv||become 1sg aor P||big sg f adj||and||grandfather sg m||dat 1sg clt||acc refl clt||torture 3sg pres I|
25 (b) [1:37] to plow. We had some land here, [in an areas] where now shepherds
|comp||plow 3sg pres I||here adv||one sg n adj||place sg n||dat refl clt||have 1pl pres I||where interr||now adv||3pl pres cop clt||shepherd pl m def|
26 (b) [1:40] tend sheep from the collective farm. We have fields – each one six decares –
|economic pl def adj||sheep pl f||have 1pl pres I||field pl f||six||decare ct m||one sg f adj||field sg f|
27 (b) [1:44] and my grandpa’s going to plow. And when you plow it’s like [it is] now –
|and||grandfather sg m||dat 1sg clt||fut||plow 3sg pres I||and||when conj||plow 2sg pres I||disc||like||now adv|
28 (b) [1:47] a little dry, and these hard lumps [of earth] keep turning up. [So I’d say,]
|little adv||dry adv||and||ost||such pl adj||lump pl f||acc refl clt||turn 3pl pres I|
29 (b) [1:50] “Grandpa, let me plow! Come on, Grandpa!” [I wanted] to replace
|grandfather sg m||adrs||give sg imv P||comp||plow 1sg pres I||adrs||grandfather sg m||adrs||comp||replace 1sg pres P|
30 (b) [1:53] Grandpa, I felt such sympathy for him. I’d slept in the same room as him
|grandfather sg m||dear adv||dat 1sg clt||3sg pres cop clt||for||acc m 3sg||nom 1sg||dat refl clt||by||acc m 3sg||sleep 1sg impf I|
31 (b) [1:56] ever since my mother had gotten married a second time. I was with him
|when conj||wed sg f P.part P||my sg f def adj||mother sg f||second sg m def adj||time sg m||nom 1sg||by||acc m 3sg|
32 (b) [2:00] until he died. So it was, “Grandpa, let me do it! Let me plow, Grandpa!”
|until conj||die 3sg aor P||grandfather sg m||adrs||give sg imv||dat 1sg clt||comp||plow 1sg pres I||adrs||grandfather sg m|
33 (b) [2:04] “Ah, get out of here! I’m going to piss in your woman’s frying pan!
|excl||remove sg imv P||acc refl clt||comp||piss 1sg pres I||in||frying.pan sg m def||dat 2sg clt||female sg m adj|
34 (b) [2:07] You do the plowing? You can’t [even] walk through the field, much less plow!”
|fut||plow 2sg pres I||neg||can 2sg pres I||comp||walk 2sg pres I||around||field.for.plowing sg f def||and||fut||plow 2sg pres I|
35 (b) [2:10] “Oh, let me, Grandpa,” I’d cry. “Come on, let me do the plowing, Grandpa!
|give sg imv||adrs||grandfather sg m||cry 1sg pres I||adrs||give sg imv||comp||plow 1sg pres I||adrs||grandfather sg m|
36 (b) [2:13] You’ve gotten so worn out, Grandpa!” And again he would begin
|and||nom 2sg||acc refl clt||tire 2sg aor P||adrs||grandfather sg m||nom m 3sg||again adv||fut||begin 3sg pres P|
37 (b) [2:16] to scold me. The man plowed and plowed and [only] finished one decare.
|comp||acc 1sg clt||scold 1sg pres I||plow 3sg aor I||man sg m def||plow 3sg aor I||plow 3sg aor P||one sg m adj||decare sg m|
38 (b) [2:20] He re-harnessed two oxen and a female water buffalo, all three so as to plow.
|harness.again 3sg aor I||two m||ox ct m||one sg f adj||water.buffalo sg f||harness.again 3sg aor I||acc 3pl clt||three def||comp||plow 3sg pres I|
39 (b) [2:25] “Come on, Grandpa, harness the oxen and give me the plow.”
|hort||harness sg imv P||grandfather sg m||ox pl m def||and||give sg imv P||to||acc 1sg||plow sg n def|
40 (b) [2:28] So I plowed till evening and the next day felt unwell.
|and||to||evening sg f def||plow 1sg impf I||and||next.day adv||ill sg f adj||1sg pres cop clt|
41 (b) [2:32] But he didn’t dare confess to my mom that he’d –
|but||nom m 3sg||neg||dare 3sg pres I||comp||notify 3sg pres P||to||Mom sg f||that conj||acc 1sg clt||3sg pres aux clt|
42 (b) [2:34] that he wasn’t letting me plow but that I kept on wanting to.
|that conj||nom m 3sg||neg||dat 1sg clt||give 3sg pres I||comp||plow 1sg pres I||but||nom 1sg||want 1sg pres I||and|
43 (b) [2:37] He didn’t dare tell her. So it went on: today, tomorrow, for some time,
|neg||dare 3sg pres I||comp||dat f 3sg clt||notify 3sg pres P||today adv||thus adv||tomorrow adv||thus adv||by||one sg n adj||time sg n|
44 (b) [2:41] and I grew up some more. My stepfather (not my husband) lifted two plows –
|grow 1sg aor P||nom 1sg||still adv||stepfather sg m||dat 1sg clt||not||husband sg m def||lift 3sg aor P||two n||plow pl n|
45 (b) [2:45] the last war, the Serbian-Bulgarian war, had ended, and when it ended
|in||finish 3sg aor P||already adv||war sg f def||last sg f def adj||war sg f||Serbo.Bulgarian sg f def adj||war sg f|
46 (b) [2:50] my father liked to act the rich man and [partake in] animal trading.
|when conj||finish 3sg aor P||father sg m||dat 1sg clt||little adv||like 3sg pres I||to||act.landowner 3sg pres I||animal.trading sg m||little adv|
47 (b) [2:55] He cheated [some folk] here and there, acting the big shot. “Hey Necho,” [he said]
|lie 3sg aor I||to.here adv||beyond adv||when conj||landowner sg m||Necho sg m name||adrs|
48 (b) [2:59] (that was the name of my father’s brother), “Necho, you go get
|thus adv||dat m 3sg clt||3sg impf cop||name sg n def||of||uncle sg m||of||brother acc sg m||Necho sg m name||fut||lift 2sg pres P|
49 (b) [3:02] two plows, either metal or wooden, and go with Anzhela
|two n||plow pl n||or||two m||plow ct m||and||fut||go 2sg pres P||with||Anzhela sg f name|
50 (b) [3:06] and [the two of you] will plow a while. And I’ll come to see [you] there.”
|fut||plow 2pl pres P||little adv||and||nom 1sg||fut||come 1sg pres P||fut||go 1sg pres P||comp||see 1sg pres P||there adv|
51 (b) [3:09] So we had vetch, peas, a lot there. We had many fields,
|[...]||[...]||have 1pl pres I||vetch sg m||peas sg m||have 1pl pres I||vetch sg m||have 1pl pres I||all.kind sg n adj||have 1pl impf I||many adv||field f|
52 (b) [3:14] a big estate, combined from three households. So we would go to the field
|gather pl P.part P||from||three||house ct m||estate sg m||much adv||and||fut||go 1pl pres P||to||field sg f|
53 (b) [3:19] Uncle would harness up – oxen for me and water buffalo for him, and we’d plow.
|uncle||fut||harness 3sg pres P||for||acc 1sg||ox pl m def||for||acc m 3sg||water.buffalo pl m def||and||fut||plow 1pl pres I|
54 (b) [3:23] I’d plow in front, and Uncle would plow in back. We plow and plow – and
|nom 1sg||fut||plow 1sg pres I||in.front adv||uncle sg m||fut||plow 3sg pres I||behind adv||plow 1pl pres I||plow 1pl pres I|
55 (b) [3:27] nothing. “Hey uncle, let’s [stop to] eat! We didn’t eat in the morning,
|neg exist||uncle sg m||adrs||hort||comp||eat 1pl pres I||adrs||neg||1pl pres aux clt||eat pl L.part.impf I||for||morning sg f|
56 (b) [3:30] and look – now it’s eleven o’clock!” “We’ll eat at home,” [he said]
|excl||become sg n L.part P||eleven||hour sg m def||eat 1pl pres I||dat refl clt||at.home adv|
57 (b) [3:33] “I’ll unharness the oxen there, and the water buffalo, and we’ll eat.”
[ ... ]
||ox pl m def||there adv||and||water.buffalo pl m def||and||fut||eat 1pl pres I|
58 (b) [3:36] The water buffalo and oxen are harnessed to the plows and we – we stopped
|water.buffalo pl m def||ox pl m def||harness pl P.part P||on||plow pl n def||and||nom 1pl||
||let.go 1pl aor P|
59 (b) [3:40] to eat. [As] we were eating, Uncle said, “What shall we do [now]?
|comp||eat 1pl pres I||eat 1pl aor I||acc refl clt||uncle sg m||what sg n interr||fut||do 1pl pres I||call 3sg pres I|
60 (b) [3:45] You’re probably all tired out.” “No, I’m not!” – I didn’t dare say
|probably adv||that conj||2sg pres aux clt||acc refl clt||tire sg f L.part P||neg||1sg pres aux clt||and||neg||dare 1sg pres I|
61 (b) [3:47] to say that I’d gotten tired. [He said] he’d leave one plow [behind]
|comp||say 1sg pres P||that conj||1sg pres aux clt||acc refl clt||tire sg f L.part P||fut||leave 3sg pres P||one sg n def adj||plow sg n|
62 (b) [3:50] and plow just with one. “I’m not tired, Uncle, I’m not!
|fut||plow 3sg pres I||only adv||with||one sg n adj||neg||1sg pres aux clt||uncle sg m||acc refl clt||tire sg f L.part P||neg||1sg pres aux clt|
63 (b) [3:52] I’ll plow!” So we plowed until midday, and stopped for [the] midday [break].
|fut||plow 1sg pres I||plow 1pl impf I||comp||become 3sg pres P||midday sg n||release 1pl aor P||for||midday sg n|
64 (b) [3:57] [But] Grandpa Nikola’s not here! Not anywhere! No trace of him!
|grandfather sg m||Nikola sg m name||acc m 3sg clt||pres neg exist||pres neg exist||acc m 3sg clt||pres neg exist||acc m 3sg clt|
65 (b) [4:00] He (= Uncle) said, “He’s not going to come,” he said. “Let’s,” he said,
|nom m 3sg||say 3sg pres P||fut neg||comp||come 3sg pres P||say 3sg pres P||hort||say 3sg pres P||comp||
66 (b) [4:03] “unharness the water buffaloes and we’ll both go,” he said,
|comp||release 1pl pres P||water.buffalo pl m def||and||fut||go 1pl pres P||and||two an.num||say 3sg pres P|
67 (b) [4:06] “to let the water buffalo wallow in mud somewhere in some puddle,
|comp||soil 1pl pres P||water.buffalo pl m def||to||somewhere adv||to||one sg f adj||puddle sg f|
68 (b) [4:09] and [then] water the oxen. Or [how about] you take [the oxen]
|and||ox pl m def||fut||acc 3pl clt||water 1pl pres P||or||nom 2sg||fut||acc 3pl clt||drive 2sg pres P|
69 (b) [4:11] to water them, and I,” he said, “will see the water buffalo to the mud.”
|comp||acc 3pl clt||water 2sg pres P||nom 1sg||say 3sg pres P||fut||soil 1sg pres P||water.buffalo pl m def|
70 (b) [4:14] So when these “muddied” water buffalo started to move off, I – how can I tell you? –
|and||thus adv||soil pl P.part P||water.buffalo pl m def||when conj||walk 3pl pres I||nom 1sg||how interr||comp||dat 2sg clt||say 1sg pres P|
71 (b) [4:17] I fell flat – boom! I couldn’t see anything. Only my eyes glittered out [to others].
|fall.hard 1sg aor P||entire sg f def adj||nom 1sg||neg||can 1sg pres I||comp||see 1sg pres P||only||eye pl n def||dat 1sg clt||twinkle 3pl pres I|
72 (b) [4:20] Mud everywhere – they’d made me all muddy. How was I going to plow?
|everything sg n adj||mud sg f||nom 3pl||acc 1sg clt||make pl L.part P||all adv||mud sg f||how interr||comp||plow 1sg pres I|
73 (b) [4:25] So I tied a piece of clothing over me, something my mother had sewn for me,
|tie 1sg aor||dat refl clt||one sg f adj||garment sg f||above adv||one sg f adj||3sg impf aux||dat 1sg clt||sew sg f L.part P||mother sg f||dat 1sg clt|
74 (b) [4:28] like a blouse from a piece of blue printed fabric [that she’d sewn] when she couldn’t
|like||one sg f adj||blouse sg f||from||one sg f adj||blue sg f adj||printed.fabric sg f||because||neg||can pres imprs|
75 (b) [4:31] see me [and get my size]. Back then [we had] thick woven shifts,
|comp||acc 1sg clt||see 3sg pres P||one sg n adj||time sg n||weave pl P.part P||shift pl f||fat pl adj|
76 (b) [4:34] they weren’t washable. “Oh, what are we going to do now, Uncle?”
|neg||can pres imprs||comp||acc f 3sg clt||wash 3sg pres P||excl||what sg n interr||comp||do 1pl pres I||now adv||adrs||uncle sg m|
77 (b) [4:38] “Well, take off that outer [garment] and plow in your white shift.
|disc||throw sg imv P||this sg n adj||upper sg n def adj||and||plow sg imv I||with||white sg f def adj||shift sg f|
78 (b) [4:41] There’s no wind, no rain, nothing [to make any problem].”
|disc||neg exist||wind sg m||neg exist||rain sg m||neg exist||nothing sg n|
79 (b) [4:44] So that’s how I spent my life. And finally [I’ll tell you about when]
|and||thus adv||1sg pres aux clt||experience sg f L.part I||life sg m def||most||at||later adv|
80 (b) [4:47] we go to mow. Our house was small – above the ground.
|fut||mow 1pl pres I||our sg f def adj||house sg f||3sg impf cop||little adv||when conj||
81 (b) [4:50] but covered with bristle grass. And swamp grass – we go to mow swamp grass.
|but||cover sg f P.part P||with||bristle.grass sg f||swamp.grass pl f||fut||go 1pl pres P||comp||mow 1pl pres I||swamp.grass pl f|
82 (b) [4:55] [My father] mowed two or three tracks, then: “Necho, are you going to mow?”
|nom m 3sg||mow 3sg aor I||two m||three||disc||track ct m||Necho sg m name||fut||mow 2sg pres I||interr clt|
83 (b) [4:59] “Yes, I’ll mow,” [he said]. And my mother’s older sister –
|disc||and||fut||mow 1sg pres I||big sg f def adj||sister sg f||of||my sg f def adj||mother sg f|
84 (b) [5:03] she’s not officially married, but [rather] married in another place –
|nom f 3sg||neg||3sg pres cop clt||wed sg f P.part P||in||other sg n adj||place sg n||marry sg f P.part I|
85 (b) [5:05] she has a son my age. “Come on you, struggle a bit here. [You go] with Anzhela.
|but||have 3sg pres I||boy sg n||with||acc 1sg||hort||nom 2pl||acc refl clt||torment pl imv I||here adv||with||Anzhela sg f name|
86 (b) [5:08] She’ll mow and you’ll gather the bristle grass, and each tie up what you can.
|fut||mow 3sg pres I||fut||gather 2pl pres I||bristle.grass sg f def||fut||tie 2pl pres P||which sg m interr||what sg n rel||can 3sg pres I|
87 (b) [5:13] You’ll mow [too], Lecho.” So he mows, that guy, and the two of us in back
|nom 2sg||fut||mow 2sg pres I||Lecho sg m name||nom m 3sg||mow 3sg pres I||person sg m def||mow 3sg pres I||disc||nom 1pl||two an.num||behind adv|
88 (b) [5:16] gather it and tie it up. And leeches burst out. Leeches this big, like ropes,
|gather 1pl pres I||tie 1pl pres I||run 3pl pres I||and||leech pl f||ost||such pl adj||rope pl n||leech pl f|
89 (b) [5:20] [jumping] around the water. “Oh, Uncle! I’ll mow,” I said. “I’ll mow,
|around||water sg f def||excl||uncle sg m||nom 1sg||fut||mow 1sg pres I||nom 1sg||call 1sg pres I||fut||mow 1sg pres I|
90 (b) [5:24] because when I sweep my scythe around the leeches go away.”
|because||when conj||wave 1sg pres P||with||scythe sg f def||and||run 3pl pres I||leech pl f def|
91 (b) [5:27] I managed one or two tracks till evening, and took turns
|nom 1sg||one sg m adj||track sg m||two m||track ct m||to||evening sg f def||acc refl clt||exchange 1pl impf I|
92 (b) [5:30] with my aunt’s son, the boy who’s the same age as me.
|with||of||aunt sg f||dat 1sg clt||of||aunt sg f||dat 1sg clt||boy sg n def||1pl pres cop clt||in||one sg f adj||year sg f|
93 (b) [5:35] He finished two or three tracks, and I did two or three tracks.
|and||nom m 3sg||get.through 3sg aor P||two m||three||track ct m||nom 1sg||two m||three||track ct m|
94 (b) [5:38] And still no trace of that Grandpa Nikola. He came only in the evening.
|that sg m adj||grandfather sg m||dat 2sg clt||Nikola sg m name||acc m 3sg clt||neg exist||even adv||evening sg f def||dat refl clt||come 3sg aor P|
95 (b) [5:41] You wait for him to come to mow [but probably in vain].
|and||nom 2sg||wait sg imv I||fut||come 3sg pres P||comp||mow 3sg pres I|
96 (b) [5:43] What hardships I’ve been through, since I was small, and even to now.
|what.kind sg n adj||hardship sg n||1sg pres aux clt||get.through sg f L.part P||nom 1sg||from||little sg f adj||and||to||now adv|
97 (b) [5:46] Even to now. That which has made me ill till now is going to finish me off.
|to||now adv||how interr||acc 1sg clt||3sg pres aux clt||fall.ill sg f L.part P||thus adv||fut||acc 1sg clt||make.fatally.ill 3sg pres P|