1 (c) [0:01] So other than that, where are you all from, huh? Are you Bulgarian?
|disc||from||where interr||2pl pres cop clt||otherwise adv||adrs||Bulgarian pl m||interr clt||2pl pres cop clt|
2 (GK) We’re Bulgarian.
|Bulgarian pl m||1pl pres cop clt|
3 (VZh) Yes.
4 (c) [0:05] Tell me, what do you want us to talk to you about?
|disc||say pl imv P||what sg n interr||want 2pl pres I||now adv||comp||dat 2pl clt||tell 1pl pres I|
5 (VZh) [This woman] is from America, but studies Bulgarian and knows it very well.
|nom f 3sg||3sg pres cop clt||from||America sg f place||but||learn 3sg pres I||Bulgarian sg m adj||and||acc m 3sg clt||know 3sg pres I||very adv||well adv|
6 (c) [0:10] Well, is she taking you around or are you taking her around?
|disc||nom f 3sg||acc 2pl clt||lead 3sg pres I||or||nom 2pl||acc f 3sg clt||lead 2pl pres I||acc f 3sg|
7 (d) [laughter]
8 (VZh) Well, we’re going together [laughter]. Who’s [taking] whom [doesn’t matter].
|disc||together adv||go 1pl pres I||now adv||who sg m interr||who acc sg m interr|
9 (GK) When we go – when we go to America, she’ll take us around.
|when conj||go 1pl pres P||when conj||go 1pl pres P||in||America sg f place||nom f 3sg||fut||acc 1pl clt||lead 3sg pres I|
10 (RA) Yes. [laughter]
11 (c) [0:16] So what are you doing now? [Making] some sort of film?
|and||what sg n interr||fut||do 2pl pres I||now adv||film sg m||some.sort sg m adj|
12 (RA) No.
13 (VZh) No, no. We’re only interested in the old-time Rhodope language …
|no||no||only adv||acc refl clt||interest 1pl pres I||from||old sg m adj||from||old sg m def adj||Rhodope sg m adj||hes||language sg m|
14 (GK) How you speak here in Gela!
|how interr||acc refl clt||speak 3sg pres I||here adv||in||Gela sg f place|
15 (VZh) … how you speak in Gela.
|how conj||acc refl clt||speak 3sg pres I||in||Gela sg f place|
16 (c) [0:24] Ah, well to tell you [the truth], we’ve lived many years in Smolyan,
|disc||nom 1pl||comp||dat 2sg clt||say 1sg pres P||many adv||year pl f||live 1pl pres I||in||Smolyan sg m place|
17 (c) [0:27] so we’ve messed up [our Gela speech] a bit.
|and||acc m 3sg clt||1pl pres aux clt||little adv||contaminate pl L.part P|
18 (GK) Uh huh.
19 (c) [0:29] From ’58 or ’59 we’ve been in Smolyan.
|from||fifty||from||fifty||and||eighth sg f adj||ninth sg f adj||year sg f||1pl pres cop clt||in||Smolyan sg m place|
20 (c) [0:32] During the summer we’re in Gela, and in the winter we’re in Smolyan.
|summer sg n adj||time sg n||1pl pres cop clt||in||Gela sg f place||winter sg f def med||1pl pres cop clt||in||Smolyan sg m place|
21 (c) [0:35] We have a house there, my children are there, and that’s how it is.
|there adv||dat refl clt||have 1pl pres I||house sg f||child pl n def med||dat 1sg clt||3pl pres cop clt||there adv||and||thus med adv|
22 (c) [0:38] So tell [us] what to tell you. You [tell them], you know more. Come on!
|disc||say pl imv P||disc||fut||say 1pl pres P||nom 2sg||more||know 2sg pres I||hort|
23 (d) [0:41] Ah – what [do I have] to tell [them]?
|disc||what sg n interr||comp||say 1sg pres P|
24 (c) [0:42] You know more [than I do], Tosho.
|nom 2sg||more||know 2sg pres I||Tosho sg m name|
25 (d) [0:43] Eh!
26 (c) [0:44] You’re more [into these things].
|disc||nom 2sg||2sg pres cop clt||more||thus sg n med adj|
27 (VZh) Well, let’s say – since there are sheep here, it’s a good opportunity
|disc||ost||what sg n adj||when conj||pres exist||sheep sg f||here adv||3sg pres cop clt||convenient sg m adv||instance sg m|
28 (VZh) to tell us about how one looks after sheep.
|comp||dat 1pl clt||tell 2pl pres P||sheep pl f||how interr||acc refl clt||look 3pl pres I|
29 (c) [0:53] How one looks after [them]?
|how interr||acc refl clt||look 3pl pres I|
30 (VZh) Uh huh. How one “looks after”, you know, in ...
||how interr||acc refl clt||look 3pl pres I||interr||in|
31 (c) [0:57] “looks after”
|look 3pl pres I||acc refl clt|
32 (VZh) … [spoken] in – in the Rhodope manner.
33 (d) [0:59] [One] looks after them, you gather together many sheep.
|look 3pl pres I||acc refl clt||gather 3pl pres I||acc refl clt||by||many adv||sheep pl f|
34 (c) [1:02] Ah no, aren’t you going to speak pure Rhodope [speech] to them?
|fut neg||hes||pure adv||of.Rhodope adv||interr clt||
||speak 2sg pres I|
35 (GK) We need pure Rhodope [speech].
|purely adv||of.Rhodope adv||dat 1pl clt||need pres imprs|
36 (VZh) Pure Rhodope [speech], yes.
|pure adv||of.Rhodope adv||yes|
37 (c) [1:07] They (the sheep) are gathered –
|gather 3pl pres I||acc refl clt|
38 (d) [1:08] [laughter] “Pure” – even I don’t know that any more! [laughter]
|nom sg n||pure adv||and||nom 1sg||neg||know 1sg pres I||[ … ]|
39 (c) [1:10] Like I’m telling you, we’ve mixed up our language now.
|interr||dat 2sg clt||say 1sg pres I||nom 1pl||acc m 3sg clt||1pl pres aux clt||mix pl L.part P||our sg m def prox adj||language sg m||now adv|
40 (c) [1:13] So – we feed them in the winter, three times [a day]: morning, noon and evening.
|disc||what||winter sg f def med||acc 3pl clt||feed 1pl pres I||three||time pl m||morning adv||noontime adv||and||evening adv|
41 (c) [1:18] We give them forage, feed, maybe also barley, wheat.
|give 1pl pres I||dat 3pl clt||fodder sg m||there adv||feed sg m||can pres imprs||comp||3sg pres cop clt||barley sg m||comp||3sg pres cop clt||wheat sg f|
42 (c) [1:26] And in the spring they were [taken out to] graze in the fields, in the hills,
|and||spring adv||but||3pl pres aux clt||pasture pl L.part I||by||field sg m def||by||hill pl m def med|
43 (c) [1:30] and they’ve mated, and in the spring they started to bear–
|and||acc refl clt||3pl pres aux clt||mate pl L.part P||and||springtime adv||begin 3pl pres P||comp||acc refl clt||comp||bear 3pl pres I|
44 (c) [1:35] To give birth.
|comp||bear 3pl pres I|
45 (GK) To have lambs.
|comp||acc refl clt||bear.lamb 3pl pres I|
46 (c) [1:37] Yes, to have lambs. They’d bear one – some would have one, some two.
|disc||comp||acc refl clt||bear.lamb 3pl pres I||and||bear 3pl pres I||one sg n adj||who sg m interr||one sg n adj||who sg m interr||two n|
47 (c) [1:41] and in the – A "spring lamb" (= one born in the spring), well it’s little, see?
|ost||this sg n med adj||3sg pres cop clt||
[ … ]
||spring sg n adj||lamb sg n||but||3sg pres cop clt||little sg n adj||disc|
48 (GK) Uh huh.
49 (c) [1:45] [So] the other mothers are out in the woods, they graze in the hills
|and||other pl def med||3pl pres cop clt||mother pl f def med||3pl pres cop clt||again adv||in||forest sg f def med||hill pl m def prox||pasture 3pl pres I|
50 (c) [1:49] but we look after these little ones that just got born,
|and||ost||this pl def med adj||little pl def med adj||acc 3pl clt||look 1pl pres I||rel||3pl pres aux clt||acc refl clt||bear.lamb pl L.part P|
51 (c) [1:52] we look after [them]. People now have a lot of them, but
|acc 3pl||look 1pl pres I||now adv||disc||people pl def||have 3pl pres I||by||many adv||but|
52 (c) [1:53] we’re not here. We have fewer sheep. We have one cow and one sheep.
|acc 1pl||acc 1pl clt||pres neg exist||nom 1pl||more||little||sheep pl f||have 1pl pres I||one f sg adj||cow sg f||one sg f adj||sheep sg f|
53 (c) [2:00] and now when October or November comes, they come with the car
|and||now adv||when conj||come 3sg pres P||[ … ]||October m||November sg m||come 3sg pres P||hes||one sg f adj||car sg f|
54 (c) [2:05] and they take us off to Smolyan to live there,
|and||hort||again adv||in||Smolyan sg m place||acc 1pl clt||drive 3pl pres I||there adv||comp||live 1pl pres I|
55 (c) [2:09] so we can be closer to the children.
|comp||1pl pres cop clt||more||close adv||to||child pl n def dist|
56 (d) Uh huh.
57 (c) [2:12] We have a son, a daughter, and four grandchildren. They’re in school, in the military –
|have 1pl pres I||son sg m||daughter sg f||four||grandchild pl n||learn 3pl pres I||serve 3pl pres I|
58 (c) [2:17] one has finished his military service, another’s a soldier, a [future] doctor –
|one sg n adj||have 1sg pres I||serve sg n L.part P||other sg n adj||now adv||3sg pres cop clt||soldier sg m||little.doctor sg n|
59 (c) [2:21] I have one in England now, one of my granddaughters went off to England.
|one f sg adj||have 1sg pres I||and||in||England sg f place||now adv||one sg f adj||granddaughter sg f||dat 1sg clt||go 3sg aor P||to||England sg f place|
60 (VZh) She’s studying there?
|learn 3sg pres I||there adv|
61 (c) [2:27] She studied in Plovdiv, at this institute of – of agronomy.
|learn 3sg aor I||in||Plovdiv sg m place||hes||this sg m med adj||
||institute sg m||of||agronomy sg n|
62 (d) [2:31] [She] was –
|3sg impf cop|
63 (c) [2:31] In her fifth year. She's finished four years and started the fifth. They chose her
|for||fifth sg f adj||year sg f||four||year pl f||[…]||finish 3sg aor P||fifth sg f def med adj||begin sg f L.part P||and||acc f 3sg clt||choose 3pl aor P|
64 (c) [2:36] for an international camp. Not a camp, a brigade – I don’t know what.
|for||international sg m adj||like||camp sg m||neg||camp sg m||brigade sg f||neg||know 1sg pres I||what sg n interr|
65 (c) [2:40] She’ll be there three months, and if that farmer approves she can stay
|three||month ct m||fut||stand 3sg pres I||if conj||acc f 3sg clt||approve 3sg pres P||that sg m dist adj||farmer sg f def||can pres imprs||comp||sit 3sg pres I|
66 (c) until the new year. There are forty of them from their institute. She writes
|to||new sg f adj||year sg f||forty||people pl||3pl pres cop clt||from||their sg m def adj||institute sg m||and||write 3sg pres I|
67 (c) [2:46] that it’s good. But last year she gathered hay here and [said] it was better here.
|that conj||nice adv||but||last.year adv||gather 3sg impf I||hay sg n||and||be sg n L.part||more||nice adv||here adv|
68 (VZh) [laughter]
69 (RA) [laughter]
70 (c) [2:50] She said, “Mother, it’s good here too, gathering the beans. That farm is well provided,
|call 3sg pres I||mother voc sg f||and||here adv||nice adv||call 3sg pres I||beans sg m||pick 1pl pres P||very adv||nice adv||provide sg f P.part P||farm sg f def dist|
71 (c) [2:55] we understand one another very well in English, but in Gela it was
|very adv||well adv||understand 1pl pres I||acc refl clt||call 3sg pres I||in||English sg m adj||but||in||Gela sg f place||dat refl clt||3sg impf cop|
72 (c) [2:58] better. It’s good to be bringing in the hay here with you and Granny."
|more||nice adv||good adv||when rel||gather 1pl pres I||hay sg n||with||acc 2sg||and||with||grandmother f sg|
73 (VZh) [laughter]
74 (d) [3:03] [cough]
75 (c) [3:04] "They pay me well, the food is cheap, they have chocolate – ”,
|pay 3pl pres I||dat 1sg clt||very adv||well adv||inexpensive sg f adj||food sg f||have 3pl pres I||chocolate pl m|
76 (c) [3:07] I don’t know what they eat, [but] she’s content.
|neg||know 1sg pres I||what sg n interr||eat 3pl pres I||disc||praise 3sg pres I||acc refl clt|
77 (GK) Uh huh.
78 (VZh) Uh huh.
79 (c) [3:10] On the one hand she’s praising [it] but [at the same time]
|from||one f sg adj||side sg f||acc refl clt||praise 3sg pres I||but|
80 (c) [3:11] it appears she’s happier with her mother and her grandmother.
|by||mother f sg||and||by||grandmother f sg||dat refl clt||3sg pres aux clt||be sg n L.part||more||nice adv||disc|
81 (GK) [Here] in Gela.
|in||Gela sg f place|
82 (c) [3:14] In Gela.
|in||Gela sg f place|
83 (d) [3:15] [ … ]
84 (c) [3:15] We’re used to it, you know? We were born here –
|nom 1pl||1pl pres aux clt||dat refl clt||accustom pl L.part P||adrs||nom 1pl||1pl pres cop clt||bear pl P.part P||from||here adv|
85 (c) [3:17] My husband is from here and I am from here.
|and||husband sg m def||dat refl clt||3sg pres cop clt||from||here adv||and||nom 1sg||1sg pres cop clt||dat refl clt||from.here adv|
86 (c) [3:19] and [unintelligible] when the cooperative farms came in, and there was no work,
|and||when conj||become 3sg aor P||T.K.Z.S. sg n||and||work f sg||pres neg exist||then adv|
87 (c) [3:23] and no school for the children to go to, then we picked up, [off] to Smolyan.
|child pl n||school sg n||fut neg||comp||learn 3pl pres I||and||then adv||nom 1pl||acc refl clt||rise 1pl aor P||in||Smolyan sg m place|
88 (c) [3:26] We built a little house there, and my son and daughter – we’re all
|build 1pl aor P||dat refl clt||one f sg adj||house sg f||and||daughter sg f def med||and||son sg m def||all pl adj||1pl pres cop clt|
89 (c) [3:29] in the same house. For now we’re fine – alive and healthy.
|in||one f sg adj||house sg f||and||1pl pres cop clt||good adv||for.now adv||alive pl adj||healthy pl adj|
90 (c) [3:33] We agree, we understand one another, and that’s what’s most important.
|listen 1pl pres I||acc refl clt||understand 1pl pres I||acc refl clt||most||important sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||that sg n dist adj|