Bela 1

1 (VZh)       What do you grow in the garden?

and
what sg n interr look 2pl pres I
in
garden sg f def

2 (a) [0:03]      Tomatoes, peppers, this [and that].

tomato pl m pepper sg m this sg n adj

3 (VZh)       In the old days you probably irrigated from the river or such.

in
time sg n def
from
river sg f def surely adv
2pl pres aux clt
water pl L.part I
or
what sg n interr pres exist
interr clt

4 (a) [0:11]      There was – we had gardens by the pump station, transplanted everything there.

disc
exist impf there adv where inter.rel pumping sg f def adj station sg f have 1pl impf I garden pl f
and
there adv
[...]
transplant 1pl impf I all pl adj

5 (a) [0:18]      Mine, then yours, two hundred meters’ [long], all in a row –

my sg n def adj
and
your sg n def adj
and
[...]
in.order adv
by
two.hundred meter ct m there adv

6 (a) [0:22]      maybe a bit less – and we planted peppers there, and irrigated them.

how.much rel adv
by
little adv
and
there adv plant 1pl impf I pepper sg m def there adv water 1pl impf I

7 (a) [0:28]      [but] here we only planted potatoes. Then there was that garden below

here adv only adv potato pl m plant 1pl impf I
and
after adv below adv that sg f adj garden sg f

8 (a) [0:35]      [belonging] to some cousins in Velingrad. They don’t come here anymore,

of
one pl adj our pl adj cousin pl m
in
Velingrad place sg m nom 3pl
neg
come 3pl pres I already adv here adv

9 (a) [0:41]      They went lame and said “You take it and work it.” So I did, as long as I could,

go.lame 3pl aor I call 3pl pres I take sg imv P
acc n 3sg clt
and
acc n 3sg clt
work sg imv I nom 1sg until conj can 1sg impf I
acc n 3sg clt
work 1sg impf I

10 (a) [0:45]      but now I’ve lost my strength, and I’ll probably be letting it go.

but
now adv all adv 1sg pres aux clt give.out sg f L.part P baggage sg m def
fut
acc n 3sg clt
leave 1pl pres P probably adv

11 (b) [0:51]      I’ve been hearing that for five years [now].

this sg n adj
acc n 3sg clt
listen 1sg pres I five year f pl

12 (VZh)       Hm.

bkch

13 (a) [0:54]      [laughter]

[…]

14 (b) [0:54]      It’s the fifth year I’ve heard this.

this sg n adj
acc n 3sg clt
listen 1sg pres I fifth sg f adj year f sg

15 (VZh)       [laughter]

[…]

16 (a) [0:56]      I keep [meaning] to leave it, but –

all adv all adv
acc n 3sg clt
leave 1sg pres I again adv

17 (VZh)       You keep on working it!

and
all adv
acc n 3sg clt
work 2sg pres I

18 (a) [0:58]      Well yes. It’s flat down there, as opposed to here [where] Plamen planted

disc
yes
disc
and
nom n 3sg
down adv flat adv otherwise adv here adv Plamen sg m name plant 3sg aor P

19 (a) [1:03]      vineyards along the hillside. It’s flat below, so [that’s where] I grow tomatoes,

to
end sg m def vineyard sg n
in
slope sg m def below adv flat adv
and
plant 1sg pres P tomato pl m

20 (a) [1:09]      a few peppers, and that’s it.

pepper pl f little adv
and
this sg n adj
3sg pres cop clt

21 (AK)       When I was little I remember that when my grandmother and grandfather –

when conj 1sg impf cop little sg m adj remember 1sg pres P
that conj
simply adv
by
grandmother sg f
dat 1sg clt
and
grandfather sg m

22 (AK)       – that grass was a big problem because nothing grew –

and
there adv
[...]
[...]
grass sg f 3sg impf cop big sg m adj problem sg m
because conj simply adv
nothing sg n
neg
[...]

23 (AK)       Nothing grew.

nothing sg n
neg
grow 3sg pres I

24 (a) [1:23]      Yes, yes. It grows.

yes yes nom sg n grow 3sg pres P

25 (AK)       Only – only grass [would grow] because –

only adv only adv
[...]
only adv grass sg f because conj

26 (a) [1:25]      Grass.

grass sg f

27 (AK)       And what – what do you do with the grass?

and
what sg n interr
[...]
do 2pl pres I
with
grass sg f

28 (a) [1:28]      Well, Plamen sprayed, he bought a mowing machine, we mow it, toss it, burn it.

disc
and
Plamen sg m name spray 3sg pres I
or
buy sg m L.part P
3sg pres aux clt
mower sg f mow 1pl pres I throw 1pl pres I burn 1pl pres I

29 (a) [1:34]      Earlier we used to gather the grass for the animals, but now –

one.time adv grass sg f def
1pl pres aux clt
gather pl L.part I
for
animal pl n def
but
now adv

30 (AK)       But now they don’t gather it.

and
now adv
neg
gather 3pl pres I

31 (a) [1:40]      [Now] there aren’t animals.

pres neg exist animal pl n

32 (AK)       No.

pres neg exist

33 (a) [1:42]      I’ve got five – seven hens, and that’s it. Our entire holdings!

have 1sg pres I five
[...]
seven hen pl f this sg n adj
3sg pres cop clt
whole sg n def adj property sg n

34 (b) [1:46]      And she knows them all by name.

and
acc 3pl clt
know 3sg pres I by.name adv

35 (a) [1:48]      When I retired, and the old man was alone here,

when conj
acc refl clt
pension.off 1sg aor I
and
old.man sg m
hes
old.man sg m def 3sg impf cop alone sg m adj remain sg m L.part P here adv

36 (a) [1:54]      already ill and unable. They pensioned my husband off just before the changes,

already adv ill sg m adj
neg
can 3sg pres I husband sg m def
dat 1sg clt
acc m 3sg clt
pension.off 3sg aor I this sg n adj 3sg impf cop beside change sg m def

37 (a) [2:00]      he retired young and came here, alas. I was still working,

and
nom m 3sg
acc refl clt
pension.off 3sg aor I young sg m adj come 3sg aor P here adv
excl
nom 1sg still adv work 3sg impf I

38 (a) [2:07]      I’d come Friday evening because I was on a five-day schedule. So on Saturday –

come 1sg pres P
dat refl clt
on
Friday sg m evening sg f def because
on
five.day sg f adj when inter.rel
on
Saturday sg f

39 (a) [2:12]      [he said] “You know, I got hired as a shepherd.” “Ah, my God,

excl
know 2sg pres I
interr clt
that conj
1sg pres aux clt
acc refl clt
hire.out sg m L.part P
for
shepherd sg m
adrs
how interr
God voc sg m

40 (a) [2:16]      what kind of a shepherd will you be?” A man there had given him

what.kind sg m adj shepherd sg m
fut
be 2sg pres P nom 2sg
adrs
there adv one sg m adj person sg m
dat n 3sg clt
give sg m L.part P

41 (a) [2:20]      a ewe and a lamb [and asked him] to take his turn

one f sg adj sheep sg f
and
lamb sg n
comp
dat n 3sg clt
go 3sg pres I
on
turn sg m def

42 (a) [2:24]      as shepherd for the sheep, because that one [was] old

to
[…]
for
sheep pl f def
for
shepherd sg m because conj that sg m adj old sg m adj

43 (a) [2:27]      and couldn’t [manage]. So he gave him that ewe and the lamb.

and
neg
can 3sg pres I
and
dat m 3sg clt
give sg m L.part P this sg f med adj sheep sg f
and
lamb sg n def

44 (a) [2:31]      Fine. I came the following Sunday and that ewe had birthed twins

good adv come 1sg aor P other sg f def adj Sunday sg f this sg f adj sheep sg f sg f L.part cop have sg f L.part I twin pl n

45 (a) [2:38]      He bought the other lamb too, so it wouldn’t be just one lamb,

nom m 3sg buy sg m L.part P
and
other sg n def adj lamb sg n
comp
neg
3sg pres cop clt
lamb sg n def alone sg n

46 (a) [2:40]      so there’d be two lambs, with the ewe out on rounds and the lamb home bleating.

comp
3pl pres cop clt
two n lamb ct m because conj sheep sg f def
in
shift sg f def there adv lamb sg n def at.home adv bleat 3sg pres I

47 (a) [2:46]      So he made it two. I came, and he went on Thursday to market

two n breed 3sg aor P this sg n adj come 1sg pres P
dat refl clt
go sg m L.part P
on
Thursday sg m
to
market sg m

48 (a) [2:52]      and bought four piglets. Not one, not – but four! And tiny.

and
buy sg m L.part P four pig pl n
not
one sg n adj
not
four nom 3pl tiny pl adj

49 (a) [2:57]      Two of them died, two remained. And after that he never bought pigs again.

nom 3pl two n die 3pl aor P two n remain 3pl aor P
and
from.then adv already adv
neg
buy 3sg pres I nom m 3sg pig sg n

50 (a) [3:03]      I go. “You go and buy a pig!” “Well, what am I going to do?” he said –

nom 1sg go 1sg pres I nom 2sg go sg imv P
and
buy sg imv P pig sg n
disc
what sg n interr
comp
do 1sg pres I call 3sg pres I

51 (a) [3:08]      he’s young and retired. “What should I do? Just sit here like that

disc
nom m 3sg young sg m adj pensioner sg m what sg n interr
comp
do 1sg pres I
comp
sit 1sg pres I here adv
disc
thus adv

52 (a) [3:11]      and not have anything to do?” He came to an agreement with a cousin of mine –

comp
nothing sg n
comp
acc refl clt
neg
occupy 1sg pres I arrange sg m L.part P
with
one f sg adj my sg f adj cousin sg f

53 (a) [3:16]      they keep a cow – that he’d buy it and raise cows.

that pl adj have 3pl pres I female sg n adj calf sg n
fut
acc n 3sg clt
buy 3sg pres P
and
raise 3sg pres I cow sg f

54 (a) [3:20]      They broke up all the collective farms then, and people got cows, sheep,

all pl def adj then adv demolish 3pl aor P T.K.Z.S. pl n def
and
take 3pl aor P
disc
cow pl f
disc
sheep pl f

55 (a) [3:25]      [a bit of] everything. My father-in-law wouldn’t allow it. “No way!

disc
all sg n father.in.law sg m
dat 1sg clt
neg
give 3sg pres I
and
word sg f
comp
neg
become 3sg pres I

56 (a) [3:28]      You’re not going to get [them]. We gave it all over to the collective farm,

nom 2pl fut neg
comp
take 2pl pres I
and
1pl pres aux clt
give pl L.part P import pl L.part P
in
T.K.Z.S. sg n def

57 (a) [3:32]      both the cow and the heifer – No! No way.” He wouldn’t allow it.

and
cow sg f
and
heifer sg f
and
no
and
word sg f
comp
neg
become 3sg pres I
neg
give 3sg pres I

58 (a) [3:37]      “If you want to kill me, it can’t be this way.”

if conj
want 2pl pres I
comp
acc 1sg clt
kill 2pl pres P this sg n adj
neg
can 3sg pres I
comp
be 3sg pres P thus adv

59 (a) [3:40]      He didn’t believe that the collective farms would fail, and that things would be

nom m 3sg
neg
believe 3sg impf I
that
acc refl clt
break.up 3sg pres P T.K.Z.S. sg n def
and
that
become 3sg pres P

60 (a) [3:44]      the way they are now. So my husband bought the calf, and we’re raising it here.

what sg n inter.rel
3sg pres cop clt
now adv
and
my sg m def adj husband sg m take 3pl aor P calf sg n def
fut
care 1pl pres I
acc m 3sg clt
here adv

61 (a) [3:51]      He – Four years later I retired, and just when I came [home]

nom m 3sg nom 1sg after four year pl f
acc refl clt
pension.off 3sg aor I just adv
when conj
come 1sg aor P

62 (a) [3:56]      “The heifer’s big; it will [soon] be bred,” he said, “and now it will calve.”

disc
big sg f adj heifer sg f
fut
acc refl clt
impregnate 3sg pres P say 3sg pres P now adv
and
fut
acc refl clt
calve 3sg pres P

63 (a) [4:02]      and we’ll have milk.” Fine. They’ll make a stable. I –

and
fut
have 1pl pres I milk sg n good adv
and
fut
make 3pl pres I stable sg m def
nom 1sg

64 (a) [4:06]      “You’ll go pasture it.” So I’ll pasture it there

nom 2sg
fut
go 2sg pres P
comp
acc n 3sg clt
pasture 1sg pres I there adv
at

65 (a) [4:09]      above the railway track, at the sheepfold, as we call it. “But watch out,” he said

above track sg f def
at
pen f def
dat n 3sg clt
call 1pl pres I
but
say 3sg aor P nom 2sg
acc refl clt
keep sg imv I

66 (a) [4:13]      that it doesn’t gore you, because it shakes [its head].” “Ah, but – Vanyo,

because conj nom n 3sg shake 3sg pres I
comp
acc 2sg clt
neg
gore 3sg pres P adrs
excl
hes
Vanyo sg m name

67 (a) [4:21]      won’t it butt me?” “It’s not going to butt you, you just –

comp
acc 1sg clt
neg
push 3sg pres P fut neg
comp
acc 2sg clt
push 3sg pres P nom 2sg [...]

68 (a) [4:24]      you’ll shake it with the chain.” So I lead it with the chain and it stays

with
chain sg m def
fut
shake 2sg pres I
disc
nom 1sg
nom 1sg
lead 1sg pres I with
chain sg m def
and
nom m 3sg stand 3sg pres I

69 (a) [4:28]      there on the hill. And I’ve already started to go around

ost
here adv
on
on
hill sg m def
and
nom 1sg there adv already adv depart 1sg aor P circle 1sg aor P

70 (a) [4:32]      and make my way up the slope, where there’s a deep pool and swampgrass –

fut
begin 1sg pres P upwards adv slope sg m def
and
disc pres exist one sg m adj pool sg f such sg m adj
and
swampgrass pl f

71 (a) [4:38]      a lot of grass has grown up there. And he calls from there, asking “Is it walking?”

produce sg n L.part P grass sg m
and
[...]
nom m 3sg from.here adv call 3sg pres I go 3sg pres I
interr clt
go 3sg pres I ask 3sg pres I

72 (a) [4:44]      And when it heard his voice, that cow pulled [me],

disc
and
when conj
dat m 3sg clt
hear 3sg aor P voice sg m def
and
when conj cut 3sg aor P that sg f adj cow sg f

73 (a) [4:47]      And when it pulled me, I plunged into that pool

and
when conj
acc 1sg clt
cut 3sg aor P
and
nom 1sg
acc refl clt
throw 1sg aor P
in
that sg m adj pool sg f

74 (a) [4:50]      And there’s this green stuff there, I don’t know how you call it –

and
disc pres exist green sg n adj thus sg n adj
neg
know 1sg pres what sg n interr
acc refl clt
say 3sg pres I

75 (a) [4:54]      Hey Plamen, how do you call that?

what sg n interr
adrs
Plamen voc sg m name
acc refl clt
say 3sg pres I

76 (b) [4:55]      Algae, moss.

algae pl n moss sg m

77 (a) [4:56]      Moss all over, my eyeglasses flew off, I let go the cow, the heifer, and it ran off.

moss sg m catch sg n L.part glasses pl.t
dat 1sg clt
fly.away 3pl aor P nom 1sg release 1sg aor P cow sg f def heifer sg f def nom f 3sg escape 3sg aor P

78 (a) [5:03]      And I was sputtering like a frog in that pool, all covered with that green.

and
nom 1sg
acc refl clt
sputter 1sg aor P like frog sg f
in
that sg m adj pool sg f
and
entire sg f def adj that sg n adj green sg n def adj

79 (a) [5:08]      No idea where my glasses are, I’m green all over, he hurries over and says

glasses pl.t not.have 1sg pres I where interr
acc refl clt
entire sg f def adj 1sg pres cop clt green sg f adj nom m 3sg hasten 3sg pres I call 3sg pres I

80 (a) [5:12]      “Oh my!” If the chain had gotten wound around my hand it would have cut it off.

excl
if conj
3sg pres aux clt
wind sg f L.part P chain sg m def
on
hand sg f def
fut
dat 1sg clt
cut.off 3sg pres P arm sg f def

81 (a) [5:17]      He came there, they pulled me out of that pool, and I went home.

[...]
come 3sg aor P there adv pull.out 3sg aor P
acc 1sg clt
from
that sg m adj pool sg f return 3sg aor P
acc refl clt

82 (a) [5:22]      I washed and got changed, he took [the cow] up above and hobbled it.

dress 1sg aor P
acc refl clt
here adv wash 1sg aor P
acc refl clt
nom m 3sg
acc f 3sg clt
lead 3sg aor P above adv
and
acc f 3sg clt
hobble 3sg aor I

83 (a) [5:28]      And I’m sitting on a chair by it so it won’t break loose.

and
nom 1sg sit 1sg pres I with
chair sg m def
by
acc f 3sg
comp
acc refl clt
neg
pull.out 3sg pres P

84 (a) [5:31]      I pasture it, sit there and wait, they did what they did

pasture 1sg pres I sit 1sg pres I there adv wait 1sg pres I nom 3pl do 3pl aor I here adv what sg n inter.rel do 3pl aor I

85 (a) [5:38]      at the stable. He came and took it [after] I’d pastured it that much.

at
stable sg m def come 3sg aor P
and
acc f 3sg clt
gather 3sg aor P this sg n adj 1sg pres aux clt
acc f 3sg clt
pasture sg f L.part I

86 (a) [5:41]      That cow gored [people], it was horrible! And finally

gore 3sg impf I that sg f adj cow sg f horror sg m be 3sg impf I
and
at
end sg m def

87 (a) [5:44]      it gored him as well, and we extricated him with difficulty.

and
acc m 3sg
acc m 3sg clt
gore 3sg aor P
and
with
effort sg m
acc m 3sg clt
extricate 1pl aor I

88 (a) [5:47]      So we sold it. Some merchants came from the Montana region to buy it

disc
acc f 3sg clt
sell 1pl aor P come pl L.part P
comp
acc f 3sg clt
buy 3pl pres I one pl adj merchant pl m
from
Montana n place somewhere adv

89 (a) [5:54]      One was bragging: “Oh, I’ve handled so many cows,

one sg m adj ost
acc refl clt
boast 3sg pres I
excl
nom 1sg how.many adv cow pl f 1sg pres aux clt drive sg m L.part I

90 (a) [5:58]      and milked [them too].” He tied it to milk it and it kicked out,

and
1sg pres aux clt milk sg m L.part I tie 3sg impf I
acc f 3sg clt
comp
acc f 3sg clt
milk 3sg pres P nom f 3sg kick 3sg aor I

91 (a) [6:01]      it didn’t allow him to get near. “I’ll [handle] it and [I’ll]” –

neg
give 3sg pres I
comp
draw.near 3sg pres P
to
acc f 3sg nom 1sg
fut
acc n 3sg clt
and

92 (a) [6:04]      he said to him, “Gosho, we can’t have this. Let’s take –”

nom m 3sg
dat m 3sg clt
call 3sg pres I Gosho m 3sg name
hes
neg
can pres imprs thus adv give sg imv P
comp
take 1pl pres P

93 (a) [6:09]      He had a thick club. My husband, [acting] to defend himself

nom m 3sg carry 3sg impf I one f sg adj club sg f thick sg f adj husband sg m def
dat 1sg clt
acc refl clt
defend 3sg pres I

94 (a) [6:13]      from it, [said] “Don’t, don’t! Drop that club!” So he took the cow down

from
acc f 3sg fut neg no leave sg imv P this sg f adj club sg f
and
take sg m L.part P
acc f 3sg clt
below adv

95 (a) [6:19]      to the center of the [old] collective farm to load it onto the truck.

where inter.rel economy sg n def pres exist tall sg n adj
and
comp
acc f 3sg clt
hoist 3pl pres I
on
truck sg m def

96 (a) [6:23]      But that cow went for him and pushed him up against a tree,

and
that sg f adj cow sg f when conj
acc m 3sg clt
fly.off 3sg pres P
and
acc m 3sg clt
prop 3sg aor P
on
one sg n adj tree sg n

97 (a) [6:26]      smack up against a cherry tree. And my husband now had this club

on
cherry.tree sg f def slanted adv
and
husband sg m def
dat 1sg clt
dat refl clt
carry sg m L.part I this sg f adj club sg f

98 (a) [6:29]      and started to beat the cow on the head with it, and it let go.

begin 3sg aor I
comp
acc f 3sg clt
beat 3sg pres I
on
head sg f def
and
acc m 3sg clt
leave sg f L.part P

99 (a) [6:32]      And the other guy landed in the hospital, [the cow] had broken his rib.

and
and
that sg m adj be 3sg impf I
by
hospital sg f
dat m 3sg clt
break sg f L.part P one sg n adj rib sg f

100 (AK)       [laughter]

[…]

101 (VZh)       Don’t they cut these – don’t they cut their –

neg
dat 3pl clt
interr clt
cut 3pl pres I
on
such pl adj this sg n adj
neg
dat 3pl clt
interr clt
cut 3pl pres I

102 (b) [6:42]      Horns?

horn pl f def

103 (VZh)       Horns.

horn pl f def

104 (a) [6:43]      Well, who ever [needed] that back then? You know [how it was]

disc
who sg m inter.rel
3sg pres aux clt
have sg n L.part I
to
this sg n adj now adv
at
this sg n adj time sg n
interr clt
know 2sg pres I

105 (a) [6:46]      at the changes, how we took away the cows when we became “urban peasants”.

by
change sg m def
and
where inter.rel take.away 1pl aor I this pl adj cow pl f where inter.rel become 1pl aor P [...]
urban pl adj peasant pl m

106 (VZh)       Ah.

bkch

107 (a) [6:53]      There’s so much we didn’t understand.

much adv pres exist which sg n inter.rel
1pl pres aux clt
understand pl L.part I

108 (VZh)       Still, it could have butted him with its head.

nom f 3sg again adv can pres imprs
dat refl clt
acc m 3sg clt
push 3sg pres P
and
with
head sg f surely adv

109 (a) [6:58]      Well yes, because it was bad-tempered, and when –

and
yes nom f 3sg since conj
dat refl clt
3sg pres cop clt
bad.tempered sg n adj
dat refl clt
3sg pres cop clt
and
[...]

110 (b) [7:00]      I was very much against those cows at the time,

nom 1sg
be 1sg impf I
much adv against this pl adj cow pl f then adv

111 (b) [7:03]      and when they called me one evening to tell me

and
when conj
dat 1sg clt
acc refl clt
call 3pl aor P one f sg adj evening sg f
comp
dat 1sg clt
say 3pl pres P

112 (b) [7:05]      that it had butted Dad and he’s in the hospital, I fired up the car,

that
push sg f L.part I father sg m here adv
and
in
hospital sg f call 1sg pres I
disc
now adv light 1sg pres I car sg f def

113 (b) [7:10]      I’m about to come, shoot the cow, return home, and go to work the next day.

come 1sg pres I shoot 1sg pres I cow sg f def
and
acc refl clt
return 1sg pres I
and
tomorrow adv 1sg pres cop clt
at
work sg f

114 (a) [7:14]      But you –

but
nom 2sg

115 (VZh)       But you could have skinned it and taken the meat.

but
can imprs
comp
flay 2sg pres P
and
comp
dat f 3sg clt
take 2sg pres P meat sg n def

116 (b)       [unclear]

[?]

117 (a) [7:16]      He was – he was happy [with it] and couldn’t do anything else.

nom m 3sg
acc refl clt
nom m 3sg
acc refl clt
rejoice 3sg impf I thus adv
in
hes
pres neg exist what sg n interr
comp
do 3sg pres I

118 (a) [7:20]      He went to the pen where it was and scratched it on the horns.

go 3sg pres P
in
pen sg f def
by
acc f 3sg
and
acc f 3sg clt
scratch sg m L.part I
by
horn pl f def

119 (a) [7:24]      They say he oughtn’t to have scratched it, but he

and
nom 3pl say 3pl pres P
that
neg
3sg pres aux clt
must L.part imprs
comp
acc f 3sg clt
scratch 3sg pres I
but
nom m 3sg

120 (a) [7:26]      caressed it and stroked it on the horns, and that’s why it gored [someone].

and
acc refl clt
caress sg m L.part I
and
acc f 3sg clt
scratch sg m L.part I
by
horn pl f def
and
nom f 3sg
for
this sg n adj gore sg f L.part I

121 (b) [7:30]      Hm.

disc

122 (a) [7:30]      Later we bought another, and it got strangled.

and
later adv buy 1pl aor P other sg f adj
and
one sg f adj
acc refl clt
hang 3sg aor P

123 (a) [7:34]      and then another, and that one I had to sell,

and
disc
and
other sg f adj
and
this sg f adj where inter.rel this sg f adj
acc f 3sg clt
sell 1sg aor P nom 1sg

124 (a) [7:40]      If there’d been someone to get me hay I wouldn’t have sold it.

if conj
exist impf who sg m inter.rel
comp
dat 1sg clt
acquire 3sg pres I hay sg n fut.pst neg
comp
acc f 3sg clt
give 1sg pres P

125 (a) [7:44]      We had five or six cows, [but none] like that one

five six cow pl f
1pl pres aux clt
[...]
experience pl L.part P like this sg f adj cow sg f all adv one sg n adj

126 (a) [7:49]      The only [thing] it couldn’t do was speak. I go along, it comes after me,

only adv
neg
can 3sg impf I
comp
speak 3sg pres I
nom 1sg
walk 1sg pres I
and
nom f 3sg walk 3sg pres I after acc 1sg

127 (a) [7:53]      I don’t need to lead it or drive it. “Come on, Pepa, come this way.”

fut neg
comp
lead 1sg pres I fut neg
comp
drive 1sg pres I hort Pepa voc sg f name here adv hort to.here adv

128 (a) [7:57]      I sit down to pasture it, and when I get up to go it comes after me.

disc sit 1sg pres I
comp
acc f 3sg clt
pasture 1sg pres I depart 1sg pres I
dat refl clt
nom f 3sg depart 3sg pres I
after
acc 1sg

129 (a) [8:01]      [When] I sit down to milk it, I don’t milk into the glass, I put the bucket here –

sit 1sg pres P
comp
acc f 3sg clt
milk 1sg pres I
neg
milk 1sg pres I
in
glass sg f put 1sg pres P bucket sg f def here adv

130 (a) [8:06]      It had six teats. There was milk in the fifth, [but] my husband

and
be 3sg impf I with
six teat pl f
from
fifth sg f def adj exist impf milk sg n husband sg m def
dat 1sg clt

131 (a) [8:13]      kept constant watch to not milk the fifth, to milk the four. Such a flow!

all adv keep 3sg impf I
comp
neg
milk 3sg pres I fifth sg f def adj
comp
dat refl clt
milk 3sg pres I four disc flow 3sg pres I

132 (a) [8:17]      We’d go in the morning, it’s all wet where [the cow] lay. The guy who took it

some sg m adj time sg m go 1pl pres I morning sg f disc spill 3sg aor P when conj lie sg f L.part I nom m 3sg rel
acc f 3sg clt
take sg m L.part P

133 (a) [8:22]      milked it and got thirty kilos of milk a day.

and
by
thirty kilo pl n milk sg n
3sg pres aux clt
[...]
milk sg m L.part I
by
day sg m

134 (VZh)       A day?

by
day sg m

135 (a) [8:26]      A day! We also milked and got thirty kilos

by
day sg m
and
and
nom 1pl
1pl pres aux clt
milk pl L.part I
by
thirty kilo pl n
dat refl clt
carry 1pl pres I

136 (a) [8:30]      without additional fodder. [That cow] was greedy at pasture, a terror!

without fodder sg f
without
very adv be 3sg impf I greedy sg f adj
at
pasture sg f horror sg m be 3sg impf I

137 (a) [8:35]      It ate everything. My heart ached for that cow. I took it down

all sg n eat 3sg impf I heart sg n def
acc 1sg clt
hurt 3sg impf I
for
that sg f adj cow sg f take 1sg aor P
acc f 3sg clt
down adv

138 (a) [8:40]      [when] it was pregnant, ready to give birth in one or two weeks.

nom f 3sg pregnant sg f adj after one f sg adj two f week pl f
fut
acc refl clt
calve 3sg pres P

139 (a) [8:46]      and then this guy came on the bus and they beat the cow so that

and
this sg m adj come sg m L.part P with
bus sg m
and
acc f 3sg clt
beat 3pl pres I
comp
acc f 3sg clt

140 (a) [8:51]      I would lead it with a halter, because it ran off from the others.

nom 1sg
acc f 3sg clt
lead 1sg pres I
by
halter sg f def because conj nom f 3sg
from
other def pl adj run 3sg pres I

141 (a) [8:54]      They beat it to make it climb up inside but it didn’t want to.

and
acc f 3sg clt
beat 3pl pres I
comp
acc refl clt
climb 3sg pres P inside adv nom f 3sg not.want 3sg pres I

142 (a) [8:57]      I said, “Wait a minute, if I climb up it will come

nom 1sg
acc refl clt
say 1sg aor P wait sg imv I nom 1sg
fut
acc refl clt
climb 1sg pres P nom f 3sg
fut
come 3sg pres P

143 (a) [9:00]      after me.” “Oh my, it will trample you!” “How would it trample me?!”

after
acc 1sg excl nom f 3sg
fut
acc 2sg clt
trample 3sg pres P how interr
fut
acc 1sg clt
trample 3sg pres P

144 (a) [9:03]      Only – “Come on, Pepka, come with granny.” It knelt down onto it

only when conj
acc f 3sg clt
[…]
hort Pepka sg f name hort grandmother voc sg f nom f 3sg kneel 3sg aor P
on
this sg n adj

145 (a) [9:08]      and climbed up inside.

and
acc refl clt
climb 3sg aor P inside adv

146 (VZh)       [cough]

[ … ]

147 (a) [9:11]      Then they neglected it, and the next year it gorged on wheat,

and
later adv this sg m adj
acc f 3sg clt
neglect sg m L.part P other sg f def adj year f sg
and
acc refl clt
eat.fill sg f L.part P with
wheat sg n

148 (a) [9:16]      ate too much, and died.

overeat sg f L.part P
and
die sg f L.part P

149 (VZh)       And the one that got strangled, how did that happen?

and
this sg f adj how interr
acc refl clt
hang 3sg aor P rel
acc refl clt
hang sg f L.part P

150 (a) [9:21]      Well, my husband had tied it up near the slope,

disc
disc tie sg m L.part P
acc f 3sg clt
husband sg m def
dat 1sg clt
by
one sg m adj slope sg m

151 (a) [9:27]      but the grass had burned off there, and it slid down

and
disc
ost
thus adv burn sg f L.part P grass sg f def
and
nom f 3sg
acc refl clt
slide sg f L.part P down adv

152 (a) [9:30]      and couldn’t climb back up the slope.

and
neg
3sg pres aux clt
can sg f L.part I
comp
acc refl clt
return 3sg pres P upwards adv
along
slope sg m def

153 (VZh)       Hm.

bkch

154 (a) [9:33]      It got caught in the rope and got strangled.

nom m 3sg
acc refl clt
stretch sg n L.part P rope sg m def
and
acc refl clt
hang sg f L.part P

155 (VZh)       Ah.

bkch

156 (a) [9:37]      That’s how it was. We became peasants. Oh, those sheep!

and
thus adv become 1pl aor P peasant pl m
excl
God voc sg m disc sheep pl f

157 (a) [9:46]      Five sheep, twelve or thirteen lambs – Each one had twins, some [even] three.

five sheep pl f twelve.thirteen lamb pl n all pl def adj bear.twins pl L.part I one f sg adj three

158 (VZh)       Hm.

bkch

159 (a) [9:52]      Horrible! I bring them here and I put them in crates, it’s cold in the winter.

horro sg m bring 1sg pres P