1 (a) [0:03] I’ll tell you: I remember that my mother scraped, scraped, scraped
|yes||that conj||when inter.rel||dat 2pl clt||say 1sg pres I||rememeber 1sg pres I||that conj||mother sg f||scrape 3sg pres I||scrape 3sg pres I||scrape 3sg pres I|
2 (a) [0:07] that broom [to get seeds] and when they dried, they gathered them into a bag
|this sg f med adj||broom sg f||dry 3pl aor P||acc f 3sg clt||gather 3pl aor P||one sg f adj||little.bag sg f|
3 (a) [0:12] and went off and ground them, and mother made bread for us to eat.
|and||go 3pl aor P||grind 3pl aor P||and||knead 3sg aor P||mother sg f||bread sg m||comp||eat 1pl pres I|
4 (a) [0:16] Well, you’ll eat it [if] there’s no other food. [What counts] is to have
|disc||fut||eat 2sg pres I||pres neg exist||other sg n adj||dish sg f||fut neg||this sg n med adj||comp||pres exist|
5 (a) [0:20] bread to eat. And now when they say, “Ooh that’s not nice,
|bread sg m||comp||eat 2sg pres P||disc||now adv||when inter.rel||say 3pl pres P||
||nom m 3sg||neg||3sg pres cop clt||nice sg m|
6 (a) [0:23] Ooh, that won’t do!” the heck with you, I say. Why are you afraid?
||nom m 3sg||fut neg||excl||hort||be.damned 2pl pres P||why interr||acc refl clt||frighten 2pl pres I|
7 (a) [0:27] What experience have you had? [You say] it’s expensive. Well if it’s expensive,
|what sg n interr||2pl pres aux clt||see pl L.part P||but||that conj||be sg m L.part||expensive sg m adj||disc||when inter.rel||3sg pres cop clt||expensive sg m adj|
8 (a) [0:29 ] let it be expensive, dear! If it’s expensive then you’ll eat less.
|hort||3sg pres cop clt||expensive sg m adj||adrs||when inter.rel||3sg pres cop clt||expensive sg m adj||more||little adv||fut||eat 2pl pres I|
9 (a) [0:32] You won’t have so much to eat! [laughter] That’s how it is, Anything could happen.
|fut neg||so.much med adv||comp||eat 2pl pres I||disc||thus med adv||adrs||disc||all.kind sg n adj||fut||come 3sg pres P|
10 (a) [0:37] But what about now? These others all snipe at each other,
|disc||now adv||what sg n interr||one pl adj||other pl adj||acc refl clt||eat 3pl pres I|
11 (a) [0:40] who brought that about, I ask you? Did you bring it about?
|which sg m interr||acc n 3sg clt||bring 3sg aor P||this sg n med adj||adrs||nom 2sg||interr clt||acc n 3sg clt||bring 2sg aor P|
12 (a) [0:42] Did I? Did somebody else? [No, it’s] the state.
|nom 1sg||interr clt||acc n 3sg clt||bring 1sg aor P||other sg m adj||interr clt||acc n 3sg clt||bring 3sg aor P||state sg f def|
13 (a) [0:44] [And] that’s what’ll happen. But in the old days who slaughtered our father[s]?
|disc||disc||thus med adv||fut||become 3sg pres P||one sg n adj||time sg n||our sg m adj||father sg m||which sg m interr||slaughter 3pl aor P|
14 (a) [0:48] He wasn’t allowed on horseback. And one time
|disc||nom m 3sg||on||horse sg m||neg||can 3sg pres I||comp||sit 3sg pres I||and||one sg m adj||time m|
15 (a) [0:51] they had already – when voting came back again – they had taken that –
|interr||already adv||3pl impf aux||when inter.rel||vote 3pl aor I||again adv||and||3pl impf aux||take pl L.part P||such sg n med adj|
16 (a) [0:56] You [two], what year were you born? You’re big fellows, aren’t you?
|nom 2pl||from||which sg f interr adj||year sg f||2pl pres cop clt||bear pl P.part I||big pl adj||boy pl n||interr clt||2pl pres cop clt|
17 (GK) Well –
18 (VZh) Both of us were born in [nineteen] fifty-eight.
|fifty||and||eighth sg f adj||year sg f||1pl pres cop clt||bear pl P.part P||and||two def an.num|
19 (a) [1:02] So you’re younger than mine. The older one is –
||nom 2pl||2pl pres cop clt||from||my pl def adj||more||small pl adj||my sg n adj||that sg n dist adj||big sg n def||3sg pres cop clt|
20 (a) [1:05] the [birth] group of ‘44 [no, that’s] the youngest one, the older one is ‘35.
|forty||fourth sg m adj||recruitment sg m||most||little sg n def||that sg n dist adj||big sg n def||thirty||and||fifth sg m adj|
21 (GK) We’re little.
|little pl adj||1pl pres cop clt||nom 1pl|
22 (a) [1:12] Mhm.
23 (GK) My dad is from the group of ‘30.
|father sg m||dat 1sg clt||3sg pres cop clt||thirtieth sg m adj||recruitment sg m|
24 (a) [1:14] Really?! Oho!
|thus med adv||interr clt||excl|
25 (GK) My mother [from] ‘35.
|mother f sg||dat 1sg clt||thirty||fifth sg m adj|
26 (a) [1:19] You’re little boys. Hm, well.
|nom 2pl||2pl pres cop clt||small pl adj||boy pl n||
||disc||such sg f med adj|
27 (a) [1:27] So now don’t say things are not OK, so they don’t mobilize you
|now adv||pl neg hort||say inf I||neg||3sg pres cop clt||nice sg n adj||comp||neg||acc 2pl clt||raise 3pl pres P|
28 (a) [1:29] so they to make some war. [Let] everyone stay where he is,
|comp||make 3pl pres P||some sg f adj||war f||who sg m interr||where rel||comp||dat refl clt||3sg pres cop clt||in||place sg n def|
29 (a) [1:33] whether he’s in an apartment or in a house.
|who sg m interr||fut||3sg pres cop clt||in||apartment sg m||interr clt||who sg m interr||3sg pres cop clt||in||house sg f|
30 (a) [1:36] If he doesn’t like [living] in an apartment, let him go [live] in a house.
|if conj||neg||dat m 3sg clt||suit 3sg pres P||apartment sg n def||comp||dat refl clt||go 3sg pres P||in||house sg f|
31 (a) [1:38] And work. Just so people can be alive and healthy.
|comp||work 3sg pres I||comp||pres exist||only adv||life sg m||and||health sg n||comp||pres exist|
32 (a) [1:42] [There’s] nothing [to expect] from work. I worked and worked. Five children
|from||work sg f||nothing sg n||neg||
||1sg pres aux clt||work sg f L.part I||work sg f L.part I||five||child pl n|
33 (a) [1:46] to look after, a sick grandfather, a sick grandmother; I had two aunts.
|comp||raise 1sg pres P||grandfather sg m||ill sg m adj||grandmother sg f||ill sg f adj||two f||aunt pl f||have 1sg impf I|
34 (a) [1:49] And to [this] day, thanks to the Lord, I’m grateful.
|and||and||to||today adv||thank sg m||to||Lord sg m||1sg pres cop clt||grateful sg f adj|
35 (a) [1:54] You won't get anything from work. Don't think that when you work it’ll be
|from||work sg f def||nothing sg n||pres neg exist||no||think 2sg pres I||that conj||when inter.rel||work 2sg pres I||that conj||3sg pres cop clt|
36 (a) [1:58] [any] better. As for me now, why [should] I go there? I’ll go there
|more||nice sg n adj||disc||nom 1sg||disc||nom 1sg||now||why interr||go 1sg pres I||there adv||fut||go 1sg pres P|
37 (a) [2:02] to string tobacco, if there's nothing there then I'll go over there,
|comp||string 1sg pres I||tobacco sg m||there adv||if conj||pres neg exist||there adv||fut||go 1sg pres P||there adv|
38 (a) [2:04] if there's nothing there I'll go until it gets dark.
|if conj||pres neg exist||there adv||fut||go 1sg pres P||comp||comp||acc refl clt||get.dark pres P imprs|
39 (a) [2:06] [Just] so I can work [with] my hands, [unintelligible] if it doesn't [get dark].
|comp||can 1sg pres I||comp||touch 1sg pres I||hand sg f def||neg||acc refl clt||interr clt||acc refl clt|
40 (GK) To help.
|comp||2sg pres I|
41 (a) [2:09] Yes, if there are people [around], to chat. When there's no people I'll go
|comp||if conj||pres exist||people pl||comp||comp||talk 1sg pres I||when inter.rel||pres neg exist||people pl||fut||go 1sg pres P|
42 (a) [2:14] where people are. What can I do? I do the housework at home,
|to||people pl def||but||what sg n interr||comp||do 1sg pres I||at.home adv||dat refl clt||do.housework 1sg pres I|
43 (a) [2:17] there's a lot [to do], I keep house, and I don't have [other] work.
|much adv||still adv||adrs||and||do.housework 1sg pres I||dat refl clt||and||not.have 1sg pres I||work sg f|
44 (GK) You manage on your own.
|alone sg f adj||acc refl clt||manage 2sg pres I disc||disc|
45 (a) [2:21] Well, I manage.
|disc||manage 1sg pres I|
46 (GK) [cough]
47 (a) [2:22] I manage to do everything by myself, so far.
|manage 1sg pres I||acc refl clt||manage 1sg pres I||everything sg n adj||dat refl clt||make 1sg pres I||alone sg f adj||still adv|
48 (GK) Is there anyone older than you in the village?
|pres exist||interr clt||more||old pl adj||from||acc 2sg||in||village sg n def|
49 (a) [2:27] There's a, up here, there's a Grandpa Dimitŭr here.
|pres exist||one sg m adj||ost||here adv||one sg m adj||grandfather sg m||Dimitŭr sg m name||pres exist||ost||here adv||disc|
50 (a) [2:32] He's older than me. He's five years
|nom m 3sg||3sg pres cop clt||more||big m adj||from||acc 1sg||nom m 3sg||3sg pres cop clt||five||year pl f|
51 (a) [2:34] older than me. There's nobody else. And I –
|from||acc 1sg||more||big m adj||and||more||other sg m adj||pres neg exist||and||nom 1sg||and|
52 (a) [2:37] Oh there's also one [other] man and one woman, we're [all] the same age group,
|still adv||pres exist||disc||one sg m adj||one sg n adj||one sg n adj||and||one sg f adj||woman sg f||nom 1pl||1pl pres cop clt||age.group pl m|
53 (GK) Uh huh.
54 (a) [2:42] ... same age group.
|age.group sg m|
55 (GK) [Nineteen] twelve.
|twelfth f adj||year f sg|
56 (a) [2:43] [Nineteen] twelve, right.
|twelfth f adj||year sg f||disc||and|
57 (GK) And all the others are younger than you?
|and||other def pl adj||everyone pl def||3pl pres cop clt||more||little pl adj||from||acc 2pl|
58 (a) [2:48] Younger, younger. In the old days the Turks did this thing.
|more||small pl adj||more||small pl adj||
||one sg n adj||time n||Turk pl m def||such sg f med adj||thing sg f||do 3pl aor P|
59 (a) [2:56] They left me like this, naked and barefoot. Everything had been burnt down.
|leave 3pl aor P||acc 1sg clt||thus med adv||like||this sg f med adj||naked pl adj||barefoot pl adj||everything sg n def adj||
60 (a) [3:01] You [had to go] barefoot to school, to trudge through the snow to here
|barefoot pl adj||to||school sg n||to||ost||here adv||comp||thrust 2sg pres I||snow sg m|
61 (a) [3:04] to get to school. No, no. These [stories] of ours can't be expressed.
|comp||go 2sg pres P||to||school sg n||no||no||nom f 3sg||our sg f def||neg||acc refl clt||express 3sg pres I|
62 (GK) But did they allow you to go to school?
|disc||to||school sg n||allow 3pl impf I||interr clt||acc 2pl clt||comp||go 2pl pres I|
63 (a) [3:11] Well they didn't come – they started – when we grew [old enough] (because
|disc||neg||3pl impf aux||come pl L.part P||3pl impf aux||begin pl L.part P||when inter.rel||grow 1pl aor P||comp||acc 1pl clt||because|
64 (a) [3:15] our mothers didn't let us go), but our fathers knew [they'd hear] “We'll fine you”.
|mother pl f def||neg||acc 1pl||allow 3pl impf I||but||father pl m||disc||fut||acc 2pl clt||fine 1pl pres P|
65 (a) [3:19] So they gave the mothers an order: “You don't have let them go. But
|thus med adv||and||such pl med adj||order 3pl impf I||mother pl f def||fut neg||acc 3pl clt||allow 2pl pres P||but|
66 (a) [3:21] we'll charge you a fine.” And [so] we went there. And we went
|fut||acc 2pl clt||fine 1pl pres P||fine sg f||and||go 1pl impf I||there adv||disc||go 1pl impf I|
67 (a) [3:27] up to the fourth grade. I can read and write, more or less.
|to||fourth sg n adj||grade sg n||more.or.less adv||write 1sg pres I||dat refl clt||read 1sg pres I||dat refl clt|
68 (GK) You were in school through the fourth grade.
|nom 2sg||to||fourth sg n adj||grade sg n||2sg pres aux clt||learn sg f L.part I|
69 (a) [3:31] Yes, to the fourth.
|yes||to||fourth sg n adj|
70 (GK) Was there a school here in Huhla?
|here adv||exist impf||interr clt||school sg n||in||Huhla sg f place|
71 (a) [3:34] Yes, there was, there was one, [but]
|yes||impf exist||impf exist||nom sg n||hes|
72 (GK) This one is new.
|this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||new sg n adj|
73 (a) [3:35] The Turkish mosque – [that] was …
|Turkish sg f def adj||mosque sg f||3sg impf cop|
74 (GK) Uh huh.
75 (a) [3:37] … the school. Over there. And later they built this one. They built this one [just] recently.
|school n def||3sg pres cop clt||there adv||and||later adv||make 3pl aor P||this sg n med adj||now||make 3pl aor P||this sg n med adj|
76 (GK) This [one] is new, this is from 1960.
|this sg n adj||new sg n adj||this sg n adj||3sg pres cop clt||from||sixtieth sg f adj||year f sg|
77 (a) [3:43] This is new. That Turkish mosque, the mosque, it's in it
|this sg n med adj||this sg n med adj||3sg pres cop clt||new sg n adj||this sg f med adj||Turkish f def adj||mosque sg f||mosque sg f||disc||in||acc f 3sg|
78 (a) [3:47] that we had school. We went there, studied there, and teachers would come.
|learn 1pl impf I||nom 1pl||there adv||go 1pl impf I||and||learn 1pl impf I||there adv||come 3pl impf I||thus med adv||teacher pl m|
79 (GK) Was there a teacher here, a local person, or –
|exist impf||interr clt||dat refl clt||here adv||teacher sg m||local sg m adj||or|
80 (a) [3:53] No, no, they came from somewhere else. There was hanky-panky here.
|no||no||from||elsewhere adv||come 3pl impf I||chase 3pl impf I||acc refl clt||here adv|
81 (a) [3:56] One had come, and he [had] a girlfriend. So we went
|one sg m adj||3sg impf aux||come sg m L.part P||and||with||one sg f adj||and||friend sg f||and||nom 1pl||go 1pl pres I|
82 (a) [4:02] in to learn, and he was inside with his girlfriend. [So] we went to tell
|comp||acc refl clt||learn 1pl pres I||nom 3pl||with||friend sg f def||inside adv||nom 1pl||go 1pl pres I||say 1pl pres I|
83 (a) [4:05] the mayor, and the mayor came and went for them. “Nikolay!” [unclear] “Nikolay!” [unclear]
|to||mayor sg m def||come 3sg aor P||mayor sg m def||chase 3sg aor P||acc 3pl clt||Nikolay sg m name||Nikolay sg m name|
84 (a) [4:09] And they ran off, back [to where they'd come from]. [laughter]. Oh, such a mess.
|run 3pl pres I||here adv||further adv||disc||thus med adv||one f sg adj||confuse sg f P.part P||disc|
85 (GK) And when they didn't let you go to school what did you do?
|and||when conj||neg||acc 2pl clt||allow 3pl impf I||in||school sg n||what sg n interr||do 2pl impf I|
86 (a) [4:20] Well what would we do?! We'd spin, we'd card wool, we'd spin,
|disc||why interr||what sg n interr||comp||do 1pl pres I||fut||spin 1pl pres I||adrs||pick.at 1pl pres I||wool sg f||fut||spin 1pl pres I|
87 (a) [4:24] we'd produce the cotton. Our mothers would make us sew,
|fut||produce 1pl pres P||cotton sg m||mother pl f def||fut||acc 1pl clt||compel 3pl pres P||comp||sew 1pl pres I|
88 (a) [4:28] sew clothes. “What do you do?” he says. It's not like now
|clothes pl f||comp||sew 1pl pres I||what sg n interr||do 2pl pres I||say 3sg pres I||disc||neg||like||now|
89 (a) [4:31] where people go off to drink coffee, ad [sit] all night
|comp||go 3pl pres P||there adv||comp||drink 3pl pres I||coffee sg n||and||entire sg f adj||night sg f||there adv|
90 (a) [4:34] in bars pawing each other
|in||bar pl m def||comp||acc refl clt||grope 3pl pres I|
91 (GK) [laughter]
92 (a) [4:36] Huh?! We knew none of that. Ah. When the spindle –
|disc||nom 1pl||neg||know 1pl impf I||this sg n med adj||excl||when inter.rel||[…]||spindle sg n|
93 (a) [4:39] if we’d spun too little, if the spindle was small –
|comp||acc n 3sg clt||spin 1pl pres P||little adv||if conj||3sg pres cop clt||spindle sg n def||small sg n adj|
94 (a) [4:42] If mother saw it, she’d scold you: “Why did you leave off?
|mother sg f||comp||see 3sg pres P||acc refl clt||scold 3sg pres I||disc||why interr||adrs||2sg pres aux clt||acc n 3sg clt||leave sg f L.part P|
95 (a) [4:44] What have you been doing all night if you didn’t finish the spinning?”
|entire sg f adj||night sg f||what sg n interr||2sg pres aux clt||do sg f L.part I||when conj||neg||acc n 3sg clt||2sg pres aux clt||spin sg f L.part P|
96 (a) [4:49] and so –
|and||acc n 3sg clt|
97 (GK) How big did the spindle need to be?
|how.much interr||big sg n adj||must impf imprs||comp||be 3sg pres P||spindle sg n def|
98 (a) [4:51] Well, you had to spin a spindle-full.
|disc||must pres imprs||comp||spin 2sg pres P||one sg n adj||spindle sg n|
99 (GK) And how much is there on [a spindle]?
|and||how.much interr||on||acc n 3sg||comp||pres exist|
100 (a) [4:55] Well how should I know how much? How can I tell you?
|disc||disc||adrs||comp||know 1sg pres I||how.much interr||how interr||comp||dat 2sg clt||say 1sg pres P|
101 (a) [4:57] You had to have one skein, two skeins. You don't understand.
|need pres I imprs||comp||pres exist||one sg n adj||skein sg n||two n||skein pl n||excl||neg||understand 2pl pres I||nom 2pl|
102 (GK) How many skeins on one spindle?
|how.many interr||skein pl n||on||one sg n adj||spindle sg n|
103 (a) [5:02] Two.
104 (GK) Two skeins on one spindle.
|two n||skein pl n||on||one sg n adj||spindle sg n|
105 (a) [5:04] Yes, but little. When it's thin. But now if you, this –
|yes||hes||but||thin sg n adj||when inter.rel||3sg pres cop clt||thin sg n adj||but||now adv||if conj||this sg n med adj||dat 2sg clt|
106 (a) [5:08] Now, go buy everything! Look at it, what's wrong with it?
|hes||now adv||everything sg n adj||sg imv P||disc||disc||acc n 3sg clt||what sg n interr||fut||dat n 3sg clt||3sg pres cop clt|
107 (a) [5:12] But back then, no such thing. Five kids, right? I never slept at night
|disc||then adv||exist impf neg||nom 1sg||five||child pl n||disc||whole sg f adj||night sg f||neg||1sg pres aux clt||lie sg f L.part I|
108 (a) [5:17] in order to keep them clothed, and I took such good care [of them] that
|comp||acc 3pl clt||dress 1sg pres P||and||disc||such sg f med adj||1sg impf cop||caring sg f adj||disc|
109 (a) [5:20] the teachers still can't recall anyone like my children.
|teacher pl m def||still adv||neg||can 3pl pres I||comp||remember 3pl pres P||such pl med adj||from||my pl def adj||child pl n|
110 (a) [5:24] Ah, brother Tanyo’s kids, when they came to school – there were never any like them.
|disc||elder.brother sg m||pl def adj||child pl n||when inter.rel||come 3pl aor P||school sg n||like||acc 3pl||exist impf neg|
111 (a) [5:27] but [for that to happen], I never got a wink of sleep.
|but||whole sg f adj||night sg f||neg||lie 1sg impf I|