Salaš

1 (VZh)       Are you from here?

from
here adv
interr clt
2sg pres cop clt

2 (a) [0:02]      I was born here, near the cemetery, and grew up here.

ost here adv 1sg pres aux clt
acc refl clt
bear sg f L.part P
by
graveyard sg n def
ost
here adv grow sg f L.part P

3 (a) [0:06]      There’s a little Turkish house over there, I grew up in it.

ost
there adv L.part exist Turkish sg f adj house sg f nom 1sg
in
acc f 3sg 1sg pres aux clt
acc refl clt
bear sg f L.part P

4 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

5 (a) [0:10]      My father built it – [well,] half of it.

and
there adv after adv father sg m
dat 1sg clt
make sg m L.part P
to
half sg f

6 (b) [0:13]      Look here, they – go ahead, explain to her [why you’ve come]

look sg imv I now adv nom 3pl hort explain pl imv P
dat f 3sg clt

7 (VZh)       We’ve come to talk a bit in Torlak [dialect].

come pl L.part P
1pl pres aux clt
little adv
comp
speak 1pl pres I
by
Torlak sg m adj

8 (b) [0:18]      In Torlak.

in
Torlak sg m adj

9 (VZh)       In Tor–

by
[...]

10 (a) [0:19]      Yes, Yes.

yes
yes

11 (VZh)       I’m from Vŭrbovo (in the Torlak region), but –

nom 1sg 1sg pres cop clt
from
Vŭrbovo sg n place but

12 (a) [0:21]      You’ve forgotten

2sg pres aux clt
forget sg m L.part P

13 (VZh)       They don’t – I’ve forgotten a little.

nom 3pl there adv [...] little adv 1sg pres aux clt forget sg m L.part P

14 (a) [0:23]      But you’ve forgotten, haven’t you?

but
interr
2sg pres aux clt
forget sg m L.part P

15 (VZh)       Not for–

[…]
neg

16 (b) [0:24]      No, that’s not [how they say] “speak” over there.

no
there adv more
neg
speak 3pl pres I

17 (a) [0:26]      That [speech] is in each village but in Stakevtsi it’s even –

disc
nom n 3sg
in
each sg n adj village sg n
disc
in
Stakevtsi sg m place ost

18 (a) [0:28]      [See] where Krechimir is, even they say “imamo”

where interr
3sg pres cop clt
Krechimir sg m place
and
nom 3pl have 1pl pres I
disc

19 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

20 (a) [0:31]      In the meaning “we talk”, we say “vrevimo”, they say “glčimo” or “oratimo” or –

nom 1pl say 1pl pres I talk 1pl pres I nom 3pl say 1pl pres I talk 1pl pres I
or
speak 1pl pres I
or

21 (a) [0:36]      all sorts of things.

most differently adv thus adv

22 (VZh)       Tell us about the old days. Do you remember before collective farms,

comp
dat 1pl clt
tell 2sg pres P
for
one sg n adj time sg n remember 2sg pres I
interr clt
before economy sg n def

23 (VZh)       when it was private (ownership), what work did you do?

private sg n def adj when inter.rel 3sg impf cop what sg n interr
2pl pres aux clt
work pl L.part I

24 (a) [0:48]      Before – before collective farms. I’m of the birth year ’forty-one, which means

disc
before before economy sg n def nom 1sg 1sg pres cop clt forty
and
first sg m adj аge.group sg m
and
mean 3sg pres I

25 (a) [0:55]      that was already in ’fifty, after that, ’fifty-two

this sg n adj
dat refl clt
3sg pres aux clt
sg n L.part cop [...] fifty fifty after fifty
and
second sg f adj

26 (a) [0:59]      it was, maybe. Yes, after.

can pres imprs
comp
3sg pres aux clt
sg n L.part cop but and
yes
and after yes

27 (a) [1:03]      What did we do? You plow, you dig, you plant the way [you do]

disc
and
what sg n interr
1pl pres aux clt
work pl L.part I plow 2sg pres I dig 2sg pres I
hes
what sg n inter.rel
dat refl clt
plant 2sg pres I

28 (a) [1:07]      [in] your garden now. You go out in the field,

garden acc sg f now adv nom 2sg
disc
and
thus adv go 3sg pres P
acc refl clt
to
field sg n def

29 (a) [1:11]      you plow for corn, for wheat, for oats,

and
acc refl clt
plow 3sg pres I
for
corn sg m
and
for
wheat sg n
and
for
feed sg m

30 (a) [1:16]      because that was our “hrana” (food) during the winter.

because
from
this sg n adj
dat 1pl clt
3sg pres aux clt
sg n L.part cop food sg f def during winter sg f def

31 (a) [1:18]      I’m mixing [my speech] a bit, you see.

nom 1sg little adv
and
mix 1sg pres I interr see 2sg pres I

32 (VZh)       Yes, yes, yes, yes.

yes
yes
yes
yes

33 (a) [1:21]      Ha, let’s say “jeden’e” (food). I’ve just been three days in the city…

excl
comp
say 1pl pres P food sg n def
but
sit sg f L.part I 1sg pres aux clt three day ct m
in
city sg m

34 (a)       Aha.

bkch

35 (a) [1:27]      …more [actually]. Then came school, and then each one fends for himself.

more adv that after adv interr come 3sg aor P school sg n def
and
thus adv each sg m adj
acc refl clt
save 3sg pres I alone sg m adj

36 (a) [1:34]      I had only mother and father, my mother was –

nom 1sg
1sg pres aux clt
have sg f L.part I only adv mother f sg
and
father sg m because
hes
mother f sg
dat 1sg clt
3sg pres cop clt

37 (a) [1:39]      Her father [worked in Lom, there he was the paymaster,

father sg m
dat f 3sg clt
3sg pres aux clt
sg m L.part cop
in
Lom sg m place paymaster sg m there adv

38 (a) [1:42]      as they call them in the military.

what sg n inter.rel
acc 3pl clt
say 3pl pres I
to
military pl adj

39 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

40 (a) [1:43]      But then he took ill, and he had died by the time she was born.

however adv
acc refl clt
fall.ill sg m L.part P
and
nom f 3sg
when conj
acc refl clt
bear sg f L.part P nom m 3sg sg m L.part cop die sg m L.part P

41 (a) [1:49]      My father was the third child, he went along a while and then got married,

father sg m third sg n adj child sg n
hes
interr go.on sg n L.part I go.on sg n L.part I marry sg n L.part P
acc refl clt

42 (a) [1:53]      and to an orphan, so you don’t have anyone to help you out.

and
here adv
for
orphan sg n
and
disc not.have 2sg pres I who interr
comp
dat 2sg clt
help 3sg pres P

43 (a) [1:57]      So there’s the three of us. I was the first born,

nom 1pl ost this pl adj three def nom 1sg
when conj
1sg pres aux clt
acc refl clt
bear sg f L.part P first sg n def adj child sg n

44 (a) [2:01]      there were three of us, but my little brother died

because nom 1pl
1pl pres cop clt
dat 3pl clt
pl L.part cop three
but
little.brother sg n
dat 1sg clt
die sg n L.part P after

45 (a) [2:05]      at three years of age. There weren’t doctors then.

at
three year pl f
disc
and
then adv 3sg impf cop thus adv
hes
pres neg exist doctor sg m

46 (a) [2:10]      I had taken ill with scarlet fever, and he got it from me.

and
nom 1sg
acc refl clt
fall.ill 1sg aor P
from
scarlet.fever acc sg f nom m 3sg acc m 3sg
acc m 3sg clt
catch 3sg aor P
by
acc 1sg

47 (a) [2:15]      The fact that I was bigger was why I managed

because nom 1sg 1sg pres aux clt sg f L.part cop more big sg f adj
and
[...]
1sg pres aux clt succeed sg f L.part P interr

48 (a) [2:19]      to survive. And holidays – people celebrated a lot then.

comp
acc refl clt
save 1sg P disc holiday pl m then adv
acc refl clt
much adv celebrate 3sg impf I

49 (a) [2:24]      All the holidays: St. John’s Day, St. Dragan’s Day, you know how it is

all pl adj holiday pl m St.Johns.Day sg m St.Dragan's.Day sg m there adv most interr know 2sg pres I what sg n interr
dat refl clt
3sg pres cop clt

50 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

51 (a) [2:28]      on the calendar, you can read it and see all of them there.

by
calendar sg m ost
and
comp
read 2sg pres I
fut
see 2sg pres I interr all adv
dat 3pl clt
[...]
disc

52 (a) [2:33]      People had – oh excuse me! – people had horses (standard form) …

have 3pl impf I
excl
excuse pl imv I have 3pl impf I people pl def horse pl m

53 (a) [2:38]      Horses (dialect form)

horse pl m

54 (a) [2:38]      … with this –

with
disc

55 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

56 (b) [2:40]      Horses (dialect form)

horse pl m

57 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

58 (a) [2:41]      Uh huh, [and would get around] by carriage, and he would –

disc with
hes
interr with
hansom.cab sg m with
hes
disc
and
nom m 3sg
fut

59 (a) [2:46]      that’s how you would take someone, take a sick person in that,

must pres I imprs
comp
acc m 3sg clt
drive 2sg pres I person sg m def
comp
dat 2sg clt
drive 3sg pres P ill sg m def adj
in
disc

60 (a) [2:50]      to Belogradchik [where] there were private doctors. There wasn’t

to
Belogradchik sg m place L.part exist
3sg pres aux clt
private pl adj doctor pl m neg
3sg pres aux clt
L.part exist then adv

61 (a) [2:55]      a hospital. I don’t remember now, maybe there was. But probably

now adv hospital sg f
neg
remember 1sg pres I can pres imprs
comp
dat refl clt
3sg pres cop clt
but surely adv

62 (a) [2:58]      it was built later, I don’t know. Anyway, we look after ourselves.

3sg pres cop clt
later adv make sg f P.part I
neg
know 1sg pres I
and
ost thus adv save 1pl pres I
acc refl clt
alone pl adj

63 (a) [3:03]      Mother will mix up buns in the morning – well [not] every time

and
mother f sg in.morning adv
fut
knead 3sg pres P small.bun sg n because disc
each sg m adj time sg m

64 (a) [3:09]      did we even have flour! But she’ll mix it up, she’ll take

neg
3sg pres aux clt
L.part exist
and
flour sg n
and
then adv nom f 3sg
fut
knead 3sg pres P
fut
take 3sg pres P

65 (a) [3:14]      cheese if we had some, we’ll take it – But we didn’t have –

if conj
pres exist cheese sg n
fut
carry 1pl pres P because
and
nom 1pl
neg
1pl pres aux clt have pl L.part I

66 (a) [3:18]      when you don’t have grandparents you can’t even look after the animals.

when conj
not.have 2sg pres I grandmother acc sg f
and
grandfather acc sg m nom 2sg
neg
can 3sg pres I keep 2sg pres I
and
animal pl n because nom 3pl

67 (a) [3:22]      That is, when you must go to work, somebody has to look after them.

interr nom 2sg
comp
go 2sg pres P
comp
work 2sg pres I acc 3pl must pres I imprs
comp
acc 3pl clt
look 3sg pres I someone sg m

68 (a) [3:27]      And then we’d go – here near the village we have a field

and
then adv go 1pl pres P
ost
here adv near adv under village sg n have 1pl pres I field acc sg f

69 (a) [3:31]      We’d go [there] and then come back home to eat. We were poor,

go 1pl pres P
and
acc refl clt
return 1pl pres P
comp
eat 1pl pres P home adv nom 1pl
1pl pres aux clt
poor pl adj pl L.part cop

70 (a) [3:36]      I’m not going to pretend I was rich. And now I’m the same.

fut neg
comp
acc refl clt
make 1pl pres I
to
rich acc sg f adj
and
now adv 1sg pres cop clt
dat refl clt

71 (a) [3:39]      But I’ve got a rich soul,

soul sg f def
dat 1sg clt
3sg pres cop clt
wide sg f adj disc

72 (VZh)       Huh.

bkch

73 (a) [3:41]      I like beautiful things.

nom 1sg like 1sg pres I nice pl def adj thing pl n

74 (AK)       Huh.

bkch

75 (a) [3:44]      Well, I can [live] more modestly. I live a very modest life.

and
can pres imprs
and
more modestly adv even adv
and
nom 1sg very adv modestly adv live 1sg pres I

76 (a) [3:49]      Everything I have is from my parents. I don't have any household appliances,

this sg n adj everything sg n adj which sg n inter.rel
dat 1sg clt
3sg pres cop clt
from
parent pl m def equipment pl n not.have 1sg pres I

77 (a) [3:53]      I wash clothes by hand, and what is it to me

ost
now adv wash 1sg pres I
on
hand sg f
disc
what interr
and
for
acc 1sg
dat refl clt

78 (a) [3:56]      I’ll do my washing [this way]. I won’t – I’m free all day!

fut
dat refl clt
wash 1sg pres P fut neg
comp
entire sg m adj day sg m 1sg pres cop clt free sg f adj

79 (VZh)       Huh.

bkch

80 (a) [4:01]      I look after my garden. Back then we’d go outside the village

look 1sg pres I
dat refl clt
garden acc sg f
and
then adv go 1pl pres P
from
there adv
to
under village sg n

81 (a) [4:05]      to work a bit. Back then, you know, there was envy –

comp
dat refl clt
work 1pl pres P something sg n disc interr know 2sg pres I
and
then adv
dat refl clt
L.part exist envy sg f

82 (a) [4:11]      whoever had help didn’t trust you. As they say – the sated disbelieves the hungry.

who sg m inter.rel have sg m L.part I help sg f nom m 3sg
acc 2sg clt
neg
believe 3sg pres I interr say 3pl pres I sated sg m def adj hungry sg m def adj
neg
believe 3sg pres I

83 (VZh)       That’s it.

thus adv

84 (a) [4:17]      Yes, that’s it. So there were neighbors, but they had grandparents,

disc
ost thus adv
and
then adv here adv neighbor pl m but pres exist grandmother sg f grandfather sg m

85 (a) [4:21]      sheep, goats. We didn’t have much, but mother said,

and
sheep pl f
and
goat pl f
and
but
nom 1pl pres neg exist what sg n interr mother f sg speak 3sg pres I

86 (a) [4:25]      “Don’t talk about it.” And we – she’d make pepper-cucumber soup,

fut neg
comp
say 2pl pres I
and
nom 1pl make 3sg pres P sour sg n adj
hes
mower's sg n adj sour sg n adj

87 (VZh)       Ah, that.

this sg n adj disc

88 (a) [4:31]      with dry – dry peppers, and if there was cucumber, but –

with
dry acc sg f adj dry acc sg f adj pepper acc sg f
and
if conj
L.part exist cucumber sg f
but
disc

89 (a) [4:34]      they haven’t had cucumbers this big for a long time. No time to water them.

cucumber sg f long.ago adv this.size pl f adj pres neg exist not.have 3pl pres I when interr
and
comp
comp
acc n 3sg
water 1pl pres I

90 (a) [4:42]      They send me, and [I was] a child, I’d say I’ve watered them.

send 3pl pres P
acc 1sg clt
acc 1sg disc
nom 1sg
child sg n say 1sg pres P water sg f L.part P 1sg pres aux clt
acc n 3sg

91 (a) [4:45]      though the way I’ve watered them only I know!

but
how interr 1sg pres aux clt
acc n 3sg
water sg f L.part P nom 1sg alone sg f adj
dat refl clt
know 1sg pres I

92 (VZh)       (laughter)

93 (a) [4:49]      And then you start to gather in everything you’ve hoed,

and
then adv later adv begin 3sg pres I already adv
comp
acc refl clt
gather 3sg pres I interr
when conj
hoe 1pl pres P all adv

94 (a) [4:54]      we’d go – my dad built a house with his own two hands – and we’d

go 1pl pres P father sg m
dat 1sg clt
make 3sg pres I house sg m with
two f def hand pl f
and
nom 1pl
comp

95 (a) [4:59]      bring in bricks because there wasn’t – wasn’t anyone to help. And then

bring 1pl pres P brick pl f def
that conj
pres neg exist pres neg exist who interr
comp
help 3sg pres P
and
then adv

96 (a) [5:04]      we’d go with mother to dig. I was probably in third or fourth grade,

go 1pl pres P
with
mother acc sg f
dat 1sg clt
comp
dig 1pl pres I nom 1sg 1sg pres aux clt sg f L.part cop surely adv third sg n adj fourth sg n adj

97 (a) [5:08]      I’d go with her to hoe, and what I hoed up, well –

with
acc f 3sg go 1sg pres P
comp
dig 1sg pres I
and
what sg n interr 1sg pres aux clt dig sg f L.part I
disc

98 (a) [5:11]      I certainly learned how, and I still know how …

excl
and
then adv 1sg pres aux clt
acc refl clt
surely adv learn sg f L.part P ost still adv know.how 1sg pres I

99 (VZh)       (laughter)

100 (a) [5:15]      … to hoe, and I still hoe, and back then she said don’t tell [people]

comp
dig 1sg pres I
and
still adv dig 1sg pres I
and
then adv nom f 3sg say 3sg pres P fut neg
comp
say 2pl pres I

101 (a) [5:20]      what we eat. And we nibble on [our] pepper-cucumber soup and –

what sg n interr
1pl pres aux clt
eat pl L.part I
disc
nom 1pl eat 1pl pres P
from
mower's sg n def adj sour sg n adj
and

102 (a) [5:26]      And if there’s another baby it’s bound up in a cradle on your back –

if conj
pres exist other sg n adj baby sg n nom n 3sg tie.up sg n P.part P
in
cradle acc sg f def behind adv

103 (a) [5:29]      do you know what a cradle is?

nom 2sg know 2sg pres I
interr clt
what sg n interr
3sg pres cop clt
cradle sg f

104 (VZh)       Like –

like

105 (a) [5:31]      Woven, woven.

weave sg n P.part I weave sg n P.part I

106 (VZh)       A carry-sack, like a carry-sack –

from
carry.sack sg n like carry.sack sg n like

107 (a) [5:33]      That’s right, except it’s longer,

disc
thus adv
but
only adv
that conj
3sg pres cop clt
more long sg n adj interr

108 (VZh)       Huh.

disc

109 (a) [5:37]      because it’s got a baby in it. We carry it them and tie it on some tree.

because
3sg pres cop clt
baby sg n put sg n P.part P there adv
acc n 3sg clt
carry 1pl pres P tie 1pl pres P there adv
on
some.kind sg n adj tree sg n

110 (a) [5:42]      If the child has begun to walk, they dig out a hole and put it

if conj
3sg pres aux clt
take sg n L.part P
comp
go 3sg pres I nom 3pl dig 3pl pres P hole acc sg f def
and
acc n 3sg clt
put 3pl pres P

111 (a) [5:46]      to sit there so it can pee or do whatever,

comp
sit 3sg pres P down adv nom n 3sg
fut
piss 3sg pres I
interr clt
what sg n interr
fut
do 3sg pres I

112 (a) [5:50]      and it’ll sit there, because its mother has to work,

ost
there adv
fut
sit 3sg pres I because nom f 3sg must pres I imprs
comp
and
[...]
work 3sg pres I this sg n adj

113 (a) [5:54]      otherwise there won’t be bread or anything to eat in the winter.

and
that conj
later adv pres neg exist bread sg m
hes
winter sg f def what sg n interr
comp
acc refl clt
eat 3sg pres I

114 (a) [5:58]      Everyone starts to gather – that is, to reap

begin 3sg pres I
comp
acc refl clt
gather 3sg pres I
and
this sg n adj
comp
acc refl clt
reap 3sg pres I

115 (a) [6:03]      wheat, oats, rye – [we do it] all by ourselves,

wheat sg n feed sg m rye sg f all adv alone pl adj

116 (b) [6:08]      All by hand.

and
on
hand acc sg f

117 (a) [6:09]      Aha, and with the sickle.

disc
and
with
sickle sg m

118 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

119 (a) [6:11]      Ah, I’ll talk about that. Do you know what a sickle is?

ost
and
this sg n adj
comp
say 1sg pres P know 2sg pres I
interr clt
what sg n interr
3sg pres cop clt
sickle sg m know 2sg pres I

120 (VZh)       Well, it’s this –

hes
such sg m adj one sg n adj
hes

121 (a) [6:15]      Yes! With a wooden handle …

yes
and
with
wood sg n here adv handle sg f def

122 (VZh)       Aha.

bkch

123 (a) [6:17]      … so it won’t hurt [you]. And you lean down to cut, you cut this –

comp
neg
kill 3sg pres I
and
thus adv lean.down 2sg pres P
acc refl clt
and
[...]
cut 2sg pres I one sg n adj

124 (AK)       How do they hold it?

and
how interr
acc m 3sg clt
hold 3pl pres I

125 (a) [6:23]      Uh, well, it’s got – well, I’ve got one somewhere

hes
disc
disc
disc
dat refl clt
have 3sg pres I
hes
have 3sg pres I
dat refl clt
but
nom 1sg have 1sg pres I somewhere adv

126 (a) [5:26]      but I don’t know where I put it.

but
not.know 1sg pres I where interr 1sg pres aux clt
acc m 3sg clt
put sg f L.part P

127 (AK)       Later.

more late adv

128 (a) [5:28]      A wooden handle, attached to this, and the sickle is like this,

wooden sg f adj handle sg f put sg n P.part P interr this sg n adj disc
3sg pres cop clt
thus adv sickle sg m def

129 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

130 (a) [5:32]      Like a [crescent] moon.

like moon sg f def

131 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

132 (a) [6:35]      And then there’s this thing that’s made –

and
then adv
hes
here adv pres exist one sg n adj
hes
where inter.rel make sg n P.part P disc this sg n adj

133 (a) [6:39]      See how clever people are, what they have invented

and
see sg imv P
interr clt
how interr
3pl pres aux clt
acc refl clt
invent pl L.part I people pl def
comp
comp

134 (a) [6:43]      to make their lives easier. Who knows what it was like at the beginning,

comp
dat 3pl clt
3sg pres cop clt
more easy adv because who interr know 3sg pres I what sg n interr
3sg pres aux clt
sg n L.part cop at.first adv

135 (a) [6:46]      I can’t say, it was before I was born,

not.know.how 1sg pres I
comp
say 1sg pres P interr
[...]
nom 1sg before
comp
acc refl clt
bear 1sg pres P

136 (a) [6:49]      but it’s been that way for years. And then we reap, and reap

but
thus adv
dat refl clt
3sg pres aux clt
sg n L.part cop
with
year f pl
and
then adv reap 1pl pres I reap 1pl pres I

137 (a) [6:53]      and then – then you gather it up and make it into sheaves,

and
again again
comp
acc n 3sg clt
tie 2sg pres P again
comp
acc n 3sg clt
place 2sg pres P
to
sheaf sg m

138 (a) [6:58]      and you make a “vŭzhe”, a cord of the wheat itself [to tie the sheaf].

make 3sg pres I
acc refl clt
one sg n adj rope sg n again adv
hes
from
hes
this sg n adj
from
wheat sg n def

139 (VZh)       What [did you say]? Do you call it “yuzhe”?

what sg n interr cord sg n cord sg n
interr clt
dat n 3sg clt
call 2pl pres I

140 (a) [7:04]      “Juzhe”, yes, that’s right.

cord sg n
excl
thus adv

141 (VZh)       Ah.

bkch

142 (a) [7:05]      Just that, a “yuzhe”. And one goes at night to make it,

exactly adv thus adv cord sg n
but
acc refl clt
go 3sg pres P at.night adv
comp
acc refl clt
make 3sg pres P

143 (a) [7:09]      since when the sun shines it will get hot and one can’t –

because disc when conj warm 3sg pres I sun sg n def nom n 3sg
acc refl clt
heat 3sg pres P
and
neg
can pres imprs

144 (a) [7:13]      it needs to be – to be …

disc
must pres I imprs
comp
3sg pres cop clt
comp
3sg pres cop clt

145 (VZh)       Dry.

dry sg n

146 (a) [7:16]      … to be a little –

comp
3sg pres cop clt
little adv

147 (VZh)       Yes, to be moist?

yes
but
wet sg n adj
comp
3sg pres cop clt

148 (a) [7:17]      Yes, to be a little like that. And then it gets tied off,

comp little adv
comp
have 3sg pres I disc
and
later adv
acc refl clt
tie 3sg pres P

149 (a) [7:22]      and we gather it up, and put it [in piles], and then they begin

again adv
acc n 3sg clt
gather 1pl pres I
on
thus adv
acc refl clt
place 3sg pres P
and
later adv
and
begin 3sg pres I

150 (a) [7:27]      [with] the threshing, and they begin – And then mother, or whoever

to
hes
threshing sg f def
and
acc refl clt
begin 3sg pres I
and
mother sg f def who sg f rel adj
3sg pres cop clt
interr

151 (a) [7:33]      [will be feeding] the reapers, when there are additional hired hands…

or
fut
pres exist reaper pl m who interr have 3sg pres I
[...]
more adv
hes
worker pl m

152 (VZh)       Uh huh

bkch

153 (b) [7:38]      Workers

worker pl m

154 (a) [7:38]      … to help out because some people had – In Salash

comp
dat m 3sg clt
help 3pl pres P because people pl def some pl adj
3pl pres aux clt
have pl L.part I
in
in
Salash sg m place

155 (a) [7:42]      there weren’t many rich people. Mostly people had animals,

rich pl adj many adv neg
3sg pres aux clt
L.part exist with
hes
animal pl n more adv

156 (a) [7:45]      but someone might have managed holdings of 90 to 100 decares.

and
property sg m
to
ninety
and
to
hundred decare ct m interr
3sg pres aux clt
reach sg m L.part P someone sg m

157 (VZh)       Hm.

bkch

158 (a) [7:49]      There might have been some like that, with holdings on the side

can pres imprs
comp
3sg pres aux clt
L.part exist disc with
such pl adj more marginal pl adj interr

159 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

160 (a) [7:54]      and then they take – or help the one who has more –

and
then adv what
fut
make 3sg pres P carry 3pl pres I
or
dat refl clt
help 3pl pres I who interr have 3sg pres I more adv interr

161 (a) [8:01]      everyone goes to what we call the “guvno” (threshing floor),

there adv pres exist
on
say 1pl pres I threshing.floor sg n there adv all pl adj
dat refl clt
drive 3sg pres I
dat refl clt

162 (a) [8:05]      Each puts his in when his turn comes to thresh, and then

each sg m adj
dat refl clt
place 3sg pres P when conj
dat m 3sg clt
come 3sg pres P turn sg m
comp
thresh 3sg pres I
and
after adv

163 (a) [8:11]      some help others, but women stay home to cook, because it’s necessary

one pl adj
dat refl clt
help 3pl pres I
and
woman sg f def remain 3sg pres P home adv
comp
cook 3sg pres P
because
and
must pres I imprs

164 (a) [8:15]      to have enough to feed all the people [working] on the machines

comp
pres exist
comp
comp
acc 3pl clt
feed 3sg pres I this pl adj where inter.rel
3pl pres cop clt
at
machine pl f def

165 (a) [8:20]      like that one, how was it, the one called a “locomobile”, right?

because disc interr how interr 3sg impf cop
hes
with
locomobile sg m 3sg impf cop interr thus adv 3sg impf cop

166 (VZh)       Right.

thus adv

167 (a) [8:27]      And the thresher. People help with the thresher – if they want (that is).

and
thresher sg f def
and
thresher sg f def
and
then adv
dat refl clt
help 3pl pres I who interr want 3sg pres I disc

168 (a) [8:32]      We’re still like that, we Bulgarians are “individualists”.

because
disc
and
now adv
1pl pres cop clt
dat refl clt
such pl adj nom 1pl
1pl pres cop clt
hes
Bulgarian pl m def individualist pl m

169 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

170 (a) [8:37]      Let’s agree that we’re …

give sg imv P
comp
dat refl clt
speak 1pl pres I
that
1pl pres cop clt

171 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

172 (a) [8:39]      … that way. And we still are. See,

such pl adj
and
now adv
1pl pres cop clt
dat refl clt
such pl adj
hes
see 2pl pres I
interr clt

173 (a) [8:42]      when [a Bulgarian] goes abroad he follows all the rules,

hes
when conj
go 3sg pres P
in
foreign.country sg f fulfill 3sg pres I all pl adj rule pl n

174 (a) [8:47]      but when he’s in Bulgaria he does whatever he wants.

but
when conj
3sg pres cop clt
in
Bulgaria acc sg f place
dat refl clt
do 3sg pres I what sg n inter.rel want 3sg pres I

175 (VZh)       Uh huh.

bkch

176 (a) [8:50]      Don't you see it’s like that?

neg
see 2pl pres I
interr clt
that
3sg pres cop clt
thus adv

177 (VZh)       [Yes, it’s] like that, like that.

thus adv
3sg pres cop clt
thus adv
3sg pres cop clt

178 (a) [8:52]      It’s as if he does it out of pure stubbornness.

and
as
that
acc n 3sg clt
do 3sg pres I
on
stubbornness sg m

179 (VZh)       So you remember when threshing machines came in. But before that,

and
nom 2sg remember 2sg pres I thresher pl f def when conj come 3pl aor P
and
before this sg n adj before this sg n adj

180 (VZh)       what [was it like] when there were no threshers but [just] horses?

what sg n interr what sg n interr
3sg pres cop clt
hes
when inter.rel neg
3sg pres aux clt
L.part exist thresher pl f
but
horse pl m

181 (a) [9:01]      Ah, I can’t say. Probably they pounded it.

disc
neg
can 1sg pres I
comp
dat 2sg clt
say 1sg pres P
and
surely adv
3pl pres aux clt
acc n 3sg clt
pound pl L.part I

182 (VZh)       They pounded it.

pound pl L.part I
3pl pres aux clt
acc n 3sg clt
disc

183 (a) [9:09]      Well surely! It couldn’t be any other way.

disc
surely adv disc
neg
can pres imprs differently adv

184 (VZh)       Uh huh

bkch

185 (a) [9:08]      There wasn’t any other way. So now when it all got gathered in,

disc
disc other sg m adj manner sg m neg
3sg pres aux clt
L.part exist like
and
then adv
acc refl clt
gather 3sg pres I

186 (a) [9:13]      now let’s gather in the wheat, and then let’s go get wood,

and
hort
[...]
comp
gather 3sg pres P wheat sg n
and
hort wood pl n
comp
acc refl clt
provide 3pl pres P

187 (a) [9:17]      because winter is coming. And there it is.

because
and
come 3sg pres I winter sg f
and
ost thus adv
and
[...]

188 (VZh)       What will they [use] to bring in the wood?

with
what sg n interr
fut
acc 3pl clt
drive 3pl pres I this pl adj wood pl n

189 (a) [9:21]      What?

disc

190 (VZh)       How do they bring the wood to the house?

with
what sg n interr
acc 3pl clt
drive 3pl pres I this pl adj wood pl n here adv
in
house acc sg f

191 (a) [9:23]      Oh, everybody had – not everybody, but most people had

excl
each sg m adj
dat refl clt
3sg pres cop clt
not each sg m adj
but
mostly adv
3pl pres aux clt
have pl L.part I

192 (a) [9:26]      oxen or cows and a cart. Everyone has to have livestock

ox pl m
or
cow pl f
and
cart sg f